April is National STD Awareness Month
HARRISBURG, Pa., April 1 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Department of Health today reminded Pennsylvanians of the continuing need for men and women to take steps to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, as well as the importance of discussing their sexual health with partners and health care providers.
"Although many STDs are treatable, screening and early diagnosis are essential to prevent serious health consequences and transmission of the diseases to others," said Deputy Secretary Janice Kopelman. "Screening is particularly important because many STDs often have no signs or symptoms."
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 19 million new sexually transmitted disease infections occur each year in the United States. Almost half of these infections are among young people age 15 to 24, with a disproportionate number affecting young women, Latinos, African Americans, men who have sex with men, and those living in poverty or who have limited access to healthcare.
In 2007, individuals age 15-24 accounted for 74 percent of the chlamydia and 59 percent of the gonorrhea reported in Pennsylvania, not including Philadelphia. STDs such as chlamydia and gonorrhea are major causes of infertility among women.
In Pennsylvania, race and ethnicity often affect health status because of such factors as poverty, access to quality health care, health care seeking behavior, illicit drug use, and living in communities with a high prevalence of STDs. In 2007, and exclusive of data from Philadelphia, the following rates of STD's were reported for Pennsylvania:
|SOURCE Pennsylvania Department of Health|
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