Navigation Links
Penn study asks, protection or peril? Gun possession of questionable value in an assault
Date:9/30/2009

PHILADELPHIA In a first-of its-kind study, epidemiologists at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine found that, on average, guns did not protect those who possessed them from being shot in an assault. The study estimated that people with a gun were 4.5 times more likely to be shot in an assault than those not possessing a gun.

The study was released online this month in the American Journal of Public Health, in advance of print publication in November 2009.

"This study helps resolve the long-standing debate about whether guns are protective or perilous," notes study author Charles C. Branas, PhD, Associate Professor of Epidemiology. "Will possessing a firearm always safeguard against harm or will it promote a false sense of security?"

What Penn researchers found was alarming almost five Philadelphians were shot every day over the course of the study and about 1 of these 5 people died. The research team concluded that, although successful defensive gun uses are possible and do occur each year, the chances of success are low. People should rethink their possession of guns or, at least, understand that regular possession necessitates careful safety countermeasures, write the authors. Suggestions to the contrary, especially for urban residents who may see gun possession as a defense against a dangerous environment should be discussed and thoughtfully reconsidered.

A 2005 National Academy of Science report concluded that we continue to know very little about the impact of gun possession on homicide or the utility of guns for self-defense. Past studies had explored the relationship between homicides and having a gun in the home, purchasing a gun, or owning a gun. These studies, unlike the Penn study, did not address the risk or protection that having a gun might create for a person at the time of a shooting.

Penn researchers investigated the link between being shot in an assault and a person's possession of a gun at the time of the shooting. As identified by police and medical examiners, they randomly selected 677 cases of Philadelphia residents who were shot in an assault from 2003 to 2006. Six percent of these cases were in possession of a gun (such as in a holster, pocket, waistband, or vehicle) when they were shot.

These shooting cases were matched to Philadelphia residents who acted as the study's controls. To identify the controls, trained phone canvassers called random Philadelphians soon after a reported shooting and asked about their possession of a gun at the time of the shooting. These random Philadelphians had not been shot and had nothing to do with the shooting. This is the same approach that epidemiologists have historically used to establish links between such things as smoking and lung cancer or drinking and car crashes.

"The US has at least one gun for every adult," notes Branas. "Learning how to live healthy lives alongside guns will require more studies such as this one. This study should be the beginning of a better investment in gun injury research through various government and private agencies such as the Centers for Disease Control, which in the past have not been legally permitted to fund research 'designed to affect the passage of specific Federal, State, or local legislation intended to restrict or control the purchase or use of firearms.'"


'/>"/>

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Places to play, but stranger danger fears keep inner-city kids home: Study
2. Study Finds Fish Wont Prevent Heart Failure
3. New Study Highlights Injury Patterns in Collegiate Swimmers
4. Penn Study Asks, Protection or Peril? Gun Possession of Questionable Value in an Assault
5. Study Shows College Students Are Not Following CDC Recommendations to Help Protect Themselves from H1N1 and Other Threatening Germs
6. Results Reported for Exploratory Phase 2 Study of Nexavar in Combination With Chemotherapeutic Agent Paclitaxel for Treatment of Advanced Breast Cancer
7. UT Houston, Jamaica researchers launch autism study
8. Study offers less complex, minimally invasive procedure to treat heart valve leak
9. Boston University School of Medicines black womens health study receives $9.1 million award
10. Study highlights HIV/AIDS challenge in American prison system
11. Study outlines strategies to test new payment models for health care
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... ... financial consultation services to families and business owners in the Dalton region, is ... support for children overcoming sexual assault and physical abuse. , The GreenHouse is ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... ... The Ellis Agency, an eastern Georgie provider of insurance management and financial ... event with the goal of bringing in support for epilepsy patients in the greater ... recently launched a charity campaign of her own by donating her birthday to the ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... ... and financial planning services to communities in the greater Birmingham area, is joining ... resources to underprivileged young people in the region. , The Chris Hammond Youth ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... Fresh Wave® IAQ today announced the launch of ... colleges and universities at the APPA 2017 Annual Conference and Exhibition in ... smoke odors without the use of harsh chemicals, Fresh Wave IAQ Smoke Away Air ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... Connecticut (PRWEB) , ... July 21, 2017 , ... Hospital ... from HealthCareMandA.com . The number of hospital acquisitions rose to 23 in the ... of 2017, and up 15% from the 20 announced deals in the year-ago second ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/10/2017)... GAITHERSBURG, Md. , July 10, 2017 ... in non-animal test methods, is the recipient of a ... by the PETA International Science Consortium. The device, which ... be used to expose human lung cells to airborne ... lung. IIVS will use the VITROCELL® system for testing ...
(Date:7/5/2017)... MANCHESTER, England , July 5, 2017 ... the perfect answer as physics and manufacturing combine to progress ... the thyroid, existing SPECT systems are unable to accurately quantify ... consequence, only limited information regarding the success of this radiotherapy ... ...
(Date:6/30/2017)... -- In vitro diagnostics market firm Kalorama Information has ... ten diagnostic companies have successfully completed financings.  The types ... loan facility.  The size of these financings ranged from ... provides a monthly IVD Market Trends Report ... "Diagnostics deals are ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: