Navigation Links
Penn researchers run successful HIV intervention project in S. Africa
Date:1/17/2014

A large-scale human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) intervention/education effort aimed at helping South African men take a proactive role in the prevention of that disease has proven successful, an important development considering that country has the largest number of HIV infections in the world.

Researchers, led by Prof. John B. Jemmott, III, Annenberg School for Communication and the Perelman School of Medicine; and Loretta Sweet Jemmott from Penn Nursing Science* developed an invention involving nearly 1,200 individuals, who participated in customized and proactive education programs on condom usage and the importance of discussing safe sex in their relationships. The results of their study are being reported this week in the American Journal of Public Health (Volume 104, Issue 2).

Nearly 1,200 individuals in 44 neighborhoods near East London in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa participated in the program and follow-up surveys conducted over a 12-month period. Approximately half participated in an HIV/STI (sexually transmitted infection) risk reduction invention, and half in a general health information (control) intervention.

Participants were recruited via community meetings and public gathering places such as marketplaces, taxi stands, and shebeens (after-hours drinking clubs). The intervention programs, called "Men, Together Making a Difference," were conducted in native isiXhosa tongue (language using intermittent clicking sounds as part of its lexicon). The intervention sessions involved rituals such as beginning with a "Circle of Men," which enabled all participants, regardless of age or economic status, to develop stronger bonds. Additional components of the HIV/STI prevention included a video magazine, "The Subject Is: HIV," addressing the impact of the disease in South Africa; a video drama "Eiyish!," addressing dangers of multiple partners and the failure to use condoms; take-home assignments; and in-class role-playing to increase the discussion and ultimately the use of condoms.

Follow-up surveys after one year showed an increase in condom use by participants, regardless of whether they were involved with steady or casual partners for intercourse. (From 54% to 63% for men involved with steady partners and from 77% to 79% for men involved with casual partners.) Also, follow-up surveys showed slight decreases in the occurrences of unprotected sex. Participants also reported a four- to five-percent increase in the number of times men talked to their partners about condom use prior to sex.

"The fact that HIV affects women most severely in regions such as the sub-Saharan Africa where heterosexual exposure is a dominant mode of HIV transmission is well established," the authors write in the article. "Yet few interventions to change the heterosexual behavior of men have been developed and rigorously evaluated." They note that not only was this the first large-scale study of its kind, but that South African men demonstrated a willingness to attend multiple intervention sessions, participate in role-play condom use scenarios, and return for repeated efficacy assessments. They stressed the need for additional research to strengthen the impact of intervention programs.


'/>"/>

Contact: Joseph J. Diorio
jdiorio@asc.upenn.edu
215-746-1798
University of Pennsylvania Annenberg School for Communication
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Not just clean but spotless -- Researchers show how cells tidy up
2. Loyola researchers identify risk factor for life-threatening disease in preemies
3. UNC researchers harness suns energy during day for use at night
4. Its all coming back to me now: Researchers find caffeine enhances memory
5. Why Are Young Breast Cancer Patients More Likely to Die from Their Disease? Researchers at the Cancer Prevention Institute of California Find Answers
6. Researchers develop tool to determine individual risk of prostate cancer overdiagnosis
7. Researchers report technique that enables patient with word blindness to read again
8. Virginia Tech researchers find novice teen drivers easily fall into distraction, accidents
9. Stroke researchers report improvement in spatial neglect with prism adaptation therapy
10. BU researchers explore possible link between cognitive depressive symptoms and antiretroviral therapy uptake
11. 2 George Washington University researchers named fellows of the National Academy of Inventors
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Penn researchers run successful HIV intervention project in S. Africa
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... 02, 2016 , ... MedPro Waste Disposal, LLC (MedPro) is proud to announce ... its mail back service for an all-inclusive rate. MedPro Disposal President, Dan Hansen, says, ... to all of the clients in the country who are looking for an alternative ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... 02, 2016 , ... Zitter Health Insights , in ... Award that will recognize specialty pharmacies for their achievements in customer satisfaction. Winners ... Pharmacy Patient Satisfaction Survey compiled throughout 2016. Results will be published in Specialty ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... , ... May 02, 2016 , ... The 2016 World Ultimate & Guts Championship (WUGC) ... at Manhattan College, made the cut. The WUGC is being held in London, England this ... the gold in the men’s division, another gold in the women’s masters division, and a ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... MA (PRWEB) , ... May 02, 2016 , ... Pregnancy ... tips when trying to conceive. , “If you are ready to have ... Mache Seibel. “My book, HealthChequesTM: Journal Babies is your Personal Conception & Pregnancy ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... May 02, 2016 , ... ... Permobil, recently completed two groundbreaking studies that determined that the adjustability and adaptability ... critical in the prevention of pressure injuries, which are now referred to as ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... Dr. Vivek Ahuja , ... Ste phen Schmidt ... of cloud-based software solutions for life sciences, today announced key new ... wealth of insight to a growing business.  This will bolster the ... George Phillips joined ArisGlobal in the position of Vice President ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... April 28, 2016 TapImmune,Inc. ... innovative peptide and gene-based immunotherapeutics and vaccines for the treatment ... presenting at the 3rd Annual Growth Capital Expo ... , 2016 at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas, Nevada.  ... Wednesday, May 4 th by Dr. John N. ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... le 27 Avril 2016 ... progressé de +5% sur le trimestre, soutenu par ... consommables  Croissance de +16% des ventes ... Mauna Kea Technologies (Euronext : MKEA, FR0010609263 ; OTCQX : ... laser, annonce aujourd,hui son chiffre d,affaires pour le ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: