Navigation Links
Penn Study Asks, Protection or Peril? Gun Possession of Questionable Value in an Assault
Date:9/30/2009

Those possessing gun in assault situation 4.5 times more likely to be shot than those not possessing one

PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 30 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- In a first-of-its-kind study, epidemiologists at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine found that, on average, guns did not protect those who possessed them from being shot in an assault. The study estimated that people with a gun were 4.5 times more likely to be shot in an assault than those not possessing a gun.

The study was released online this month in the American Journal of Public Health, in advance of print publication in November 2009.

"This study helps resolve the long-standing debate about whether guns are protective or perilous," notes study author Charles C. Branas, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Epidemiology. "Will possessing a firearm always safeguard against harm or will it promote a false sense of security?"

What Penn researchers found was alarming - almost five Philadelphians were shot every day over the course of the study and about 1 of these 5 people died. The research team concluded that, although successful defensive gun uses are possible and do occur each year, the chances of success are low. People should rethink their possession of guns or, at least, understand that regular possession necessitates careful safety countermeasures, write the authors. Suggestions to the contrary, especially for urban residents who may see gun possession as a defense against a dangerous environment should be discussed and thoughtfully reconsidered.

A 2005 National Academy of Science report concluded that we continue to know very little about the impact of gun possession on homicide or the utility of guns for self-defense. Past studies had explored the relationship between homicides and having a gun in the home, purchasing a gun, or owning a gun. These studies, unlike the Penn study, did not address the risk or protection that having a gun might create for a person at the time of a shooting.

Penn researchers investigated the link between being shot in an assault and a person's possession of a gun at the time of the shooting. As identified by police and medical examiners, they randomly selected 677 cases of Philadelphia residents who were shot in an assault from 2003 to 2006. Six percent of these cases were in possession of a gun (such as in a holster, pocket, waistband, or vehicle) when they were shot.

These shooting cases were matched to Philadelphia residents who acted as the study's controls. To identify the controls, trained phone canvassers called random Philadelphians soon after a reported shooting and asked about their possession of a gun at the time of the shooting. These random Philadelphians had not been shot and had nothing to do with the shooting. This is the same approach that epidemiologists have historically used to establish links between such things as smoking and lung cancer or drinking and car crashes.

"The U.S. has at least one gun for every adult," notes Branas. "Learning how to live healthy lives alongside guns will require more studies such as this one. This study should be the beginning of a better investment in gun injury research through various government and private agencies such as the Centers for Disease Control, which in the past have not been legally permitted to fund research 'designed to affect the passage of specific Federal, State, or local legislation intended to restrict or control the purchase or use of firearms.'"

This study was funded by the National Institutes of Health. The authors are also indebted to numerous dedicated individuals at the Philadelphia Police, Public Health, Fire, and Revenue Departments as well as DataStat Inc, who collaborated on the study.

Therese S. Richmond, Ph.D., CRNP, School of Nursing; Dennis P. Culhane, Ph.D., School of Social Policy; Thomas R. Ten Have, Ph.D., MPH, and Douglas J. Wiebe, Ph.D., both from the School of Medicine, are co-authors.

PENN Medicine is a $3.6 billion enterprise dedicated to the related missions of medical education, biomedical research, and excellence in patient care. PENN Medicine consists of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine (founded in 1765 as the nation's first medical school) and the University of Pennsylvania Health System.

Penn's School of Medicine is currently ranked #3 in the nation in U.S. News & World Report's survey of top research-oriented medical schools; and, according to the National Institutes of Health, received over $366 million in NIH grants (excluding contracts) in the 2008 fiscal year. Supporting 1,700 fulltime faculty and 700 students, the School of Medicine is recognized worldwide for its superior education and training of the next generation of physician-scientists and leaders of academic medicine.

The University of Pennsylvania Health System (UPHS) includes its flagship hospital, the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, rated one of the nation's top ten "Honor Roll" hospitals by U.S. News & World Report; Pennsylvania Hospital, the nation's first hospital; and Penn Presbyterian Medical Center, named one of the nation's "100 Top Hospitals" for cardiovascular care by Thomson Reuters. In addition UPHS includes a primary-care provider network; a faculty practice plan; home care, hospice, and nursing home; three multispecialty satellite facilities; as well as the Penn Medicine at Rittenhouse campus, which offers comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation facilities and outpatient services in multiple specialties.

SOURCE University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine


'/>"/>
SOURCE University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Copyright©2009 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Penn study finds pro-death proteins required to regulate healthy immune function
2. New study shows promise in reducing surgical risks associated with surgical bleeding
3. Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke
4. Study suggests loss of 2 types of neurons -- not just 1 -- triggers Parkinsons symptoms
5. Study says COPD testing is not measuring up
6. Preclinical study suggests organ-transplant drug may aid in lupus fight
7. Ability to cope with stress can increase good cholesterol in older white men, study finds
8. High alcohol consumption increases stroke risk, Tulane study says
9. Mailman School of Public Health study examines link between racial discrimination and substance use
10. Pitt study finds inequality in tobacco advertising
11. Stanford study highlights cost-effective method of lowering heart disease risks
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/13/2016)... Canada (PRWEB) , ... February 13, 2016 , ... In ... foot forward. They’ll groom themselves to perfection, go out of their way to be ... date – just take a look at any online dating profile. , A ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... DC (PRWEB) , ... February ... ... Siemens Foundation today announced a new initiative—the Siemens Foundation-PATH Ingenuity Fellowships—to develop ... The partnership will recruit top students from U.S. universities who will draw ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... , ... As a former television executive, owner Tal Rabinowitz knows how stressful ... decompress, Rabinowitz found herself drawn to a casual meditation class while working at NBC ... implementing a 20-minute-per-day meditation practice with her team. After her tenure at NBC, she ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , ... February 12, 2016 , ... Every winter, someone ... This winter the West Penn Burn Center, part of the Allegheny Health ... to bring you the “Space Heaters Need Space” campaign. , “Space ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... , ... Erlanger Agency has announced a new partnership in its ongoing community ... on the fight against breast cancer, fundraising for a local woman named Carmen, who ... Carmen is a loving single mother of two boys who also serves as caregiver ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Ungarn, February 12, 2016 ... das sich auf den ungedeckten medizinischen Bedarf ... positive Ergebnisse seines klinischen Forschungsprogramms bekannt. Das ... beschäftigt, ergab Verbesserungen ihrer respiratorischen Funktionen und ... ltd , ein Medizintechnikunternehmen, das sich auf ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016 ... Diagnostics in Personalized Medicine and Cancer Therapy. - ... High-Growth Diagnostic Testing Markets. - Key Diagnostic Testing ... - Molecular Diagnostics in Genetic Testing. - Molecular ... Markets. - Over-the-Counter Diagnostic Products World Markets. ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Stem cells are primitive cells found in ... the capacity to differentiate into mature cell types Stem ... first mouse embryonic stem cells were derived from embryos ... the first culturing of embryonic stem cells from non-human ... until 2006 As a result of these discoveries, stem ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: