Navigation Links
Peers, but not peer pressure, key to prescription drug misuse among young adults
Date:8/15/2014

SAN FRANCISCO Current efforts to prevent prescription drug misuse among young adults need to consider peers but not peer pressure according to a Purdue University study.

"With the 18-29 age group we may be spending unnecessary effort working a peer pressure angle in prevention and intervention efforts. That does not appear to be an issue for this age group," said study co-author Brian Kelly, a professor of sociology and anthropology who studies drug use and youth cultures. "Rather, we found more subtle components of the peer context as influential. These include peer drug associations, peers as points of drug access, and the motivation to misuse prescription drugs to have pleasant times with friends."

This research, funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), will be presented at the 109th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association by study co-author Alexandra Marin, a Purdue sociology doctoral student.

Prescription drug misuse has risen considerably during the 21st century and is the most commonly abused substance after alcohol and marijuana for people 14 and older, according to NIDA. Popular prescription drugs that are most frequently misused are sedatives, painkillers, and stimulants.

"People normally think about peer pressure in that peers directly and actively pressure an individual to do what they are doing," said Kelly, who also is director of Purdue's Center for Research on Young People's Health. "This study looks at that form of direct social pressure as well as more indirect forms of social pressure. We find that friends are not actively pressuring them, but it's a desire to have a good time alongside friends that matters."

The findings, collected from 2011-13, are based on survey interviews with 404 adults ages 18 to 29 who misused prescription drugs in the past 90 days. Two-hundred fourteen in-person interviews also were conducted. These individuals were recruited from popular nightlife locations such as bars, clubs, and lounges in New York City. Average misuse of prescription drugs, such as painkillers, sedatives and stimulants, was 38 times in the past 90 days.

This study evaluated the role of peer factors on three prescription drug misuse outcomes: the frequency of misuse; administering drugs in ways other than swallowing, such as sniffing, smoking, and injecting the drugs; and symptoms of dependency on prescription drugs.

"We found that peer drug associations are positively associated with all three outcomes," Kelly said. "If there are high perceived social benefits or low perceived social consequences within the peer network, they are more likely to lead to a greater frequency of misuse, as well as a greater use of non-oral methods of administration and a greater likelihood of displaying symptoms of dependence. The motivation to misuse prescription drugs to have a good time with friends is also associated with all three outcomes. The number of sources of drugs in their peer group also matters, which is notable since sharing prescription drugs is common among these young adults."

Kelly and Marin collaborated with Purdue assistant professor of sociology Michael Vuolo, as well as professors Brooke E. Wells and Jeffrey T. Parsons from the City University of New York's Hunter College.


'/>"/>

Contact: Daniel Fowler
pubinfo@asanet.org
202-527-7885
American Sociological Association
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Behavioral support from peers, staff lowers patients blood pressure
2. Girls Peers, Not Media, May Exert Most Pressure to Be Thin
3. Even Toddlers Succumb to Peer Pressure, Study Says
4. Fitness Fights High Blood Pressure, Even With Family History
5. Black stroke survivors have higher blood pressure, increased risk of repeat stroke
6. Automated calls help patients in under-developed countries manage blood pressure, U-M study finds
7. Sensors Technologies Market (Image, Pressure, Flow & Level) Analysis in New Research Report at ReportsnReports.com
8. Yoga May Help Ease High Blood Pressure, Study Finds
9. Nearly 1 in 4 grandparents store prescription medicines where children can easily find them
10. Many Who First Misuse Prescription Pills Get Them From Friends, Family: Report
11. 16 years old is peak risk for teens misusing prescription drugs
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Universal Medical Systems, Inc. ... the first company to offer robotic imaging to veterinary medicine is sponsoring the ... 941 for the American Association of Equine Practitioners 62nd Annual Convention from December ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... ... Rijuven Corp launches rejiva ( http://www.rejiva.com ), a unique wearable technology that ... technology on the market can deliver all that rejiva can. , “Rejiva promotes relaxation ... health than the usual heart rate and steps taken”, adds Evens Augustin, CEO of ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... "Pro3rd Accents Volume 2 is ... create versatile lower third titles with just a few clicks of the mouse," said ... includes 30 lower third animations. Choose from various styles with accented animations, rigid boxes, ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... needy individuals and families from eight different sites throughout Miami-Dade and Broward counties. ... 1,000 volunteers worked very hard on Thanksgiving morning by putting together individual meals ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Date aired: November 28, ... 2 Diabetes: The Owner’s Manual, http://realtimepressrelease.com/press-releases-tagged-with/daryl-wein , Sharon Kleyne, America’s ... Global Climate Change and Your Health radio program syndicated on Voice of America, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... Dec. 2, 2016   CytoSorbents Corporation (NASDAQ: ... its European Union approved CytoSorb ® cytokine adsorber ... patients worldwide, announced that Dr. Phillip Chan , ... Annual LD Micro Main Event investor conference held ... the Luxe Sunset Boulevard Hotel in Los ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2016  Today, Simpson Healthcare Executives, a global leader ... selected as winners of multiple awards at the 2016 ... the PLATINUM level, Blue Zones Menu at the GOLD ... Level, and our proprietary 3ConneX Platform at the HONORABLE ... we are excited to showcase our new Platinum and ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... The iShares Nasdaq Biotechnology Exchange-Traded Fund ... victory early in November. Less political risk has boosted ... predicting an uptick in M&A activities. Today, Stock-Callers.com takes ... they have fared at the last close: Celldex Therapeutics ... (NASDAQ: FOLD ), Navidea Biopharmaceuticals Inc. (NYSE ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: