Navigation Links
Peers, but not peer pressure, key to prescription drug misuse among young adults
Date:8/15/2014

SAN FRANCISCO Current efforts to prevent prescription drug misuse among young adults need to consider peers but not peer pressure according to a Purdue University study.

"With the 18-29 age group we may be spending unnecessary effort working a peer pressure angle in prevention and intervention efforts. That does not appear to be an issue for this age group," said study co-author Brian Kelly, a professor of sociology and anthropology who studies drug use and youth cultures. "Rather, we found more subtle components of the peer context as influential. These include peer drug associations, peers as points of drug access, and the motivation to misuse prescription drugs to have pleasant times with friends."

This research, funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), will be presented at the 109th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association by study co-author Alexandra Marin, a Purdue sociology doctoral student.

Prescription drug misuse has risen considerably during the 21st century and is the most commonly abused substance after alcohol and marijuana for people 14 and older, according to NIDA. Popular prescription drugs that are most frequently misused are sedatives, painkillers, and stimulants.

"People normally think about peer pressure in that peers directly and actively pressure an individual to do what they are doing," said Kelly, who also is director of Purdue's Center for Research on Young People's Health. "This study looks at that form of direct social pressure as well as more indirect forms of social pressure. We find that friends are not actively pressuring them, but it's a desire to have a good time alongside friends that matters."

The findings, collected from 2011-13, are based on survey interviews with 404 adults ages 18 to 29 who misused prescription drugs in the past 90 days. Two-hundred fourteen in-person interviews also were conducted. These individuals were recruited from popular nightlife locations such as bars, clubs, and lounges in New York City. Average misuse of prescription drugs, such as painkillers, sedatives and stimulants, was 38 times in the past 90 days.

This study evaluated the role of peer factors on three prescription drug misuse outcomes: the frequency of misuse; administering drugs in ways other than swallowing, such as sniffing, smoking, and injecting the drugs; and symptoms of dependency on prescription drugs.

"We found that peer drug associations are positively associated with all three outcomes," Kelly said. "If there are high perceived social benefits or low perceived social consequences within the peer network, they are more likely to lead to a greater frequency of misuse, as well as a greater use of non-oral methods of administration and a greater likelihood of displaying symptoms of dependence. The motivation to misuse prescription drugs to have a good time with friends is also associated with all three outcomes. The number of sources of drugs in their peer group also matters, which is notable since sharing prescription drugs is common among these young adults."

Kelly and Marin collaborated with Purdue assistant professor of sociology Michael Vuolo, as well as professors Brooke E. Wells and Jeffrey T. Parsons from the City University of New York's Hunter College.


'/>"/>

Contact: Daniel Fowler
pubinfo@asanet.org
202-527-7885
American Sociological Association
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Behavioral support from peers, staff lowers patients blood pressure
2. Girls Peers, Not Media, May Exert Most Pressure to Be Thin
3. Even Toddlers Succumb to Peer Pressure, Study Says
4. Fitness Fights High Blood Pressure, Even With Family History
5. Black stroke survivors have higher blood pressure, increased risk of repeat stroke
6. Automated calls help patients in under-developed countries manage blood pressure, U-M study finds
7. Sensors Technologies Market (Image, Pressure, Flow & Level) Analysis in New Research Report at ReportsnReports.com
8. Yoga May Help Ease High Blood Pressure, Study Finds
9. Nearly 1 in 4 grandparents store prescription medicines where children can easily find them
10. Many Who First Misuse Prescription Pills Get Them From Friends, Family: Report
11. 16 years old is peak risk for teens misusing prescription drugs
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/9/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 09, 2016 , ... ... Boston Store, Carson’s, Elder-Beerman, Herberger’s and Younkers department stores, announced it has raised ... of Wisconsin Cancer Center, Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Iowa, ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... San Diego, California (PRWEB) , ... February 09, ... ... the launch of their new nationwide service to expand access to affordable ... over 30 million hard of hearing individuals in the United States. , “For ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... Florida (PRWEB) , ... February 09, 2016 , ... ... cold therapy products, announced today the introduction of the newly designed, innovative shoulder ... comfort and better cold therapy coverage for the injured arm and shoulder to ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... 09, 2016 , ... United Methodist Communications collaborated with Chocolate ... animated video designed to prevent the next widespread Ebola outbreak from ... being distributed throughout Togo, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Côte d’Ivoire and other African ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... i2i Systems, an early innovator and ... data vendors in the latest KLAS report, Population Health Management 2015: How Far Can ... market for population health management (PHM). The latest KLAS Report, leveraging over 200 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... Feb. 9, 2016  Sangamo BioSciences, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... editing, today reported its fourth quarter and full ... in vivo therapeutic genome editing," said Edward ... zinc finger nuclease (ZFN) technology leads the therapeutic ... core competencies necessary to move our ground-breaking genome ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... HAMILTON, Bermuda, Feb. 9, 2016  Axovant Sciences ... focused on the treatment of dementia, today announced ... address cognitive, behavioral and functional aspects of Lewy ... people in the U.S. Two out of the ... is expected to start later this quarter. In ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... The new report "Global Diagnostic Ultrasound Devices Market Assessment & Forecast: ... global diagnostic ultrasound devices market was valued at US$ 5,381.1 million ... 2019 at a CAGR of 6.8% from 2015 to 2019. ... analyzed for six geographies of North America , ... Latin America , Middle-East and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: