Navigation Links
Peer pressure is weaker for kids to quit smoking
Date:6/11/2014

Adolescents tend to be more powerful in influencing their friends to start smoking than in helping them to quit, according to sociologists.

In a study of adolescent friendship networks and smoking use over time, the researchers found that friends exert influence on their peers to both start and quit smoking, but the influence to start is stronger.

"What we found is that social influence matters, it leads nonsmoking friends into smoking and nonsmoking friends can turn smoking friends into nonsmokers," said Steven Haas, associate professor of sociology and demography, Penn State. "However, the impact is asymmetrical: the tendency for adolescents to follow their friends into smoking is stronger."

Haas, who worked with David Schaefer, associate professor of human evolution and social change, Arizona State University, said that the addictive effect of nicotine may be the strongest influence on an adolescent's inability to help their friends quit smoking. However, there are other reasons why peer influence to start smoking is stronger.

"In order to become a smoker, kids need to know how to smoke, they need to know where to buy cigarettes and how to smoke without being caught, which are all things they can learn from their friends who smoke," said Haas. "But, friends are unlikely to be able to provide the type resources needed to help them quit smoking."

Nonsmoking friends would not have access to nicotine replacement products or organized cessation programs to help their friends quit, according to the researchers, who report their findings in the current issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

"Most often, adolescents will try to either quit cold turkey, or by gradually reducing their smoking, and these are the least successful ways to quit," said Haas.

While most current adolescent smoking prevention programs are aimed at building resistance to peer pressure, Haas said school nurses and health professionals may be able to design programs that use peer pressure to positively influence behavior. For example, they could design programs to help nonsmoking adolescents help their smoking friends.

"We have to have a more nuanced view of influence," said Haas. "In reality, kids aren't all bad or all good, and some friends who may not be a good influence in one area may actually be a positive influence in other areas."

The research may also apply to other areas of adolescent behavior.

"This may apply well beyond smoking," said Haas. "There may be similar patterns in adolescent drinking, drug use, sex and delinquency."

Even though smoking rates have declined, adolescent smoking remains a serious problem that has both health and economic costs. From 2000 to 2004, smoking and second-hand exposure to cigarettes was linked to 400,000 deaths and results in $100 billion in lost productivity each year, according to the researchers.

The researchers used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Their sample data set included two high schools, one with 757 students and the other with 1,673 students. The data was collected at several times throughout the school year, allowing researchers a chance to see how not just behaviors change, but also how networks of friendships evolve over time. The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development supported this work.


'/>"/>

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. CPAP rapidly improves blood pressure and arterial tone in adults with sleep apnea
2. Some high blood pressure drugs may be associated with increased risk of vision-threatening disease
3. Virtual human shows that stiff arteries can explain the cause of high blood pressure
4. Game changer: Patients of doctors who played online game had better control of blood pressure
5. From the couch to the cuff: Time spent in front of a screen linked to high blood pressure
6. Study estimates proportion of adults affected by new blood pressure guideline
7. Whether they reduce fat or not, obesity programs lower kids blood pressure
8. New study presents evidence that blood pressure should be measured in both arms
9. Blood pressure medications given right after stroke not beneficial, study finds
10. Study points out inequalities in prescribing blood pressure meds
11. 2013 1099 Software by W2Mate.com Brings Pressure-Seal 1099s, SSN Masking and Blank Paper Printing to QuickBooks Users
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... ... a time when many people celebrate romance and love by giving cards, candy, flowers or ... present, Atlanta-based Perimeter Plastic Surgery is offering a Valentine’s Day special: Spend $100 ... $50 free. , “A lot of people just buy the more predictable gift of ...
(Date:1/22/2017)... ... January 22, 2017 , ... "Photo Cloud allows FCPX users ... beautiful 3D slideshow with complete ease," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film ... in the FCPX timeline. Presets include scenes with one, three, four or ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... ... , ... Salveo for life, a company that distributes an effervescent lime-flavored drink ... as part of its presence to expand its market reach. , Using a formula ... of nasty toxins as a result of drinking alcohol, eliminating those toxins quickly, whilst ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... ... January 21, 2017 , ... Phytocéane invites you to ... the rest of the world with ZANZIBAR SHOWER GEL. Inspired by the beauty of ... Virgin Coconut Oil and moisturizing vegetal coral to create this gentle, crystal-clear shower gel ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... ... January 21, 2017 , ... Santa Rosa Orthopaedics (SRO) is ... at 167 Lynch Creek Way. The Petaluma office features three comfortable patient exam ... rehabilitation services and on-site x-ray services. Two multi-specialist orthopaedic surgeons Dr. Neema ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/21/2017)... , Jan 20, 2017 Research and ... Laboratory Testing Market By Type of Test (Tumor, Clinical Chemistry, ... By Type of Diseases (Tuberculosis, Influenza, Cancer, HIV/AIDS etc.), Forecast ... ... destination for healthcare services, market segments, especially clinical lab testing, ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... Technology, Route Of Administration, End User - Forecast to 2025" ... ... at a CAGR of around 7.8% over the next decade to ... report analyzes the global markets for Advanced Drug Delivery across all ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... Stock-Callers.com today evaluates the following Drug Manufacturers equities: ... A/S (NYSE: NVO ), Sucampo Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ... PTX ). These stocks belong to the Healthcare ... finishing near its session lows. As per a NASDAQ report, ... of health care companies in the S&P 500 also were ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: