Navigation Links
Pedometers motivate people with diabetes to walk more

ANN ARBOR, Mich. The use of a pedometer and a Web site that tracked physical activity levels proved to be powerful motivators for people with diabetes who participated in a recent walking study conducted by researchers from the University of Michigan Health System and VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System. The study also suggests that certain types of goal-setting may be more effective than others.

All participants in the study wore pedometers and received automated weekly goals that were based on their previous weeks walking activity. For half of the participants these goals were lifestyle goals, meaning that any step taken during the day counted. The other half received structured goals, in which only steps taken during long walks that lasted at least 10 minutes counted. These participants had a smaller target number of steps to take in a day than the lifestyle group.

Study participants in both groups increased their walking significantly during the program and there was no difference between the groups in terms of increased walking. However, the type of goals that participants were given in the six-week study strongly influenced their satisfaction with the program. Those who received lifestyle goals were more satisfied with the walking program, and wore the pedometer more days during the study period and for more hours during each day than those who received structured goals.

The finding sheds light on a debate among exercise experts about the ways in which people should increase their levels of activity. Some have contended that the only effective walking programs are those in which long periods of activity (known as bout steps in this study) are counted. Others have said that counting every step is a better motivator and is just as effective as bout-step programs.

Walkers in the group where every step counted experienced the same benefit as those who just had their bout steps recorded, says lead author Caroline R. Richardson, M.D., assistant professor in the Department of Family Medicine at the U-M Medical School and research scientist at the Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development at the VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System. The study appears in the International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.

The fact that they were also more satisfied with their program suggests that this approach may be more successful for many people than a program that only recognizes long periods of activity, Richardson adds.

Study participants were 35 individuals with type 2 diabetes who were both sedentary and overweight, and who were interested in starting a walking program. All participants were given a pedometer that tracked walking and had a built in USB port so that the walking data could be automatically uploaded to the study Web site. Each participant could view his or her step count records and new goals, along with tailored motivational messages and tips about walking, on a personalized study home page.

The focus was on people with type 2 diabetes because exercise is thought to be essential to prevent a worsening of the condition and the development of complications such as nerve damage. Thats why a program that inspires adherence is so important, Richardson notes.

Among the 30 participants who completed the study, steps taken during longer walks lasting 10 minutes or more increased by about 1,900 to 2,700 steps a day, and the increases were roughly the same in both the lifestyle and structured groups. Even though the lifestyle-goals group had every step counted, they, like their counterparts in the other group, chose to increase their walking by taking longer walks rather than by accumulating more steps during many short walks.

In other words, a lifestyle group participant would have her steps counted whether she went for a half-hour walk or just walked outside to get the mail, while the structured group would only have the half-hour walk counted. But in both groups, the increase in the daily totals came from activities like half-hour walks, not by taking more short trips to the mailbox, to and from the car, or visiting a co-worker down the hall.

That means that the increases in both groups stemmed from longer walks the type of walking that is most beneficial to ones health. Yet the group that had every step counted was more inclined to enjoy the overall program and was more likely to stick with it.

Richardsons team also is conducting further studies about the effectiveness of pedometers as tools for motivating people to increase their levels of physical activity. Richardson is a national leader in this area of research.


Contact: Katie Vloet
University of Michigan Health System

Related medicine news :

1. Back-to-School Campaign Motivates Children and Parents to Embrace Habits for Health
2. Genes may make some people more motivated to eat, perhaps overeat
3. YMCAs Activate America(R) Motivates More Than 1.3 Million People to Take 8 Billion Steps Toward a Healthier Lifestyle During America On the Move Week with the YMCA
4. UCLA researchers identify markers that may predict diabetes in still-healthy people
5. Are too many people diagnosed as depressed?
6. Bipolar Diagnoses in Younger People Show Huge Increase
7. Preparation for Natural Disasters Critical for People With Diabetes, Chronic Medical Conditions
8. Drug-free treatments offer hope for older people in pain
9. Wanting a bite of everything: Hungry people crave more variety
10. Academy releases emergency preparedness tools to enable millions more people to shelter in place
11. Different HIV rates among gay men and straight people not fully explained by sexual behavior
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... has focused on providing comprehensive solutions involving adult stem cell therapies to patients ... officially deemed the “Regenestem” name as a Registered Trademark (RTM). , Organizations are ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Genesis Chiropractic Software helps practice owners automate ... between the practice owner and the patient that automatically manages all five aspects ... Click here to learn more. , According to Dr. Brian ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... New patients who wish ... referral for dental implants at her Mississauga, ON practice. Dr. Williams has ... the placement of dental implants. , Missing teeth can lead to a variety ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... FRANCISCO, CA (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 ... ... half-cup sizes, has launched their Black Friday sale a week early, offering 40% ... continues to transform the intimate apparel industry through both mobile fit technology and ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... DMG Productions announced that they will feature ... quarter 2016 via Discovery Channel. Dates and show times TBA. , Aphria, Inc., is ... the business of producing and supplying medical marijuana pursuant to the Marijuana for Medical ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... November 25, 2015 ... addition of the  "Global Drug Device ... to their offering.  --> ... of the  "Global Drug Device Combination ... their offering.  --> Research ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 2015 WuXi PharmaTech (Cayman) Inc. ("WuXi" or ... R&D capability and technology platform company serving the pharmaceutical, ... China and the United ... general meeting of shareholders held today, the Company,s shareholders ... approve the previously announced agreement and plan of merger ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... CARLOS, Calif. , Nov. 24, 2015 ... a leader in non-invasive genetic testing and ... announced that it will present at the ... in New York on Wednesday, December 2, 2015 at 1:00 p.m. ET.  Matthew ... the Company,s financial results, business activities and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: