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Pediatric emergency research team hit the mark
Date:1/23/2012

corticosteroids for children with mild, moderate, and severe croup was an effective use. Oral, intramuscular and inhaled doses have substantially cut the number of hospitalizations and return visits by half, resulting in reduced health care costs, parental stress and out-of-pocket expenses.

PERC has also been at the forefront of generating evidence for managing bronchiolitis. The group conducted the largest randomized controlled trial to date that involves infants with bronchiolitis. The study has shown that dexamethasonea class of steroid drugs used to treat many inflammatory and autoimmune conditionsand epinephrine (commonly known as adrenaline) may interact in ways that enhance or magnify one or more effects when combined; resulting in a significant drop in hospital admission rates.

One of the challenging issues that spawned the national-wide research network, which formed in 1995, was the huge variation in the use of computed tomography (CT) for children visiting EDs with cases of mild head injury. The CIHR funded study, that enrolled more than 4,000 child patients, resulted in a practical clinical decision rule that assists physicians in determining if a child suffering mild head injury requires a CT scan. This rule is currently being tested in 5000 more children and if validated could result in a decrease in the number of young children facing unnecessary radiation exposure and potential long-term associated risks.

The Top Canadian Achievements in Health Research acknowledges the discoveries and innovations that have had the biggest impact on the health of people in this country and around the world. A peer-review panel of Canadian and international experts selected the final list.


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Contact: Ilana Simon
simoni@cc.umanitoba.ca
204-295-6777
Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute
Source:Eurekalert

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