Navigation Links
Peacetime use of radioisotopes at Oak Ridge cited as Chemical Landmark
Date:2/19/2008

The production and distribution of radioactive isotopes for peacetime uses at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) will be designated a National Historic Chemical Landmark by the American Chemical Society in a special ceremony in Oak Ridge, Tenn., on March 6.

Bruce E. Bursten, Ph.D., president of the Society, will present a commemorative plaque to Thomas Mason, Ph.D., the director of ORNL. Bursten said the distribution of radioisotopes, which began in 1946, demonstrated the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, providing medical, scientific, and industrial benefits to society. These important activities at ORNL are among those that ultimately led President Eisenhower to make his famous Atoms for Peace speech to the United Nations in 1953. Because of its pivotal role in making nuclear energy a powerful tool for peaceful purposes, ORNL is clearly worthy of a National Historic Chemical Landmark. Bursten is Distinguished Professor of Chemistry and Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. The University of Tennessee and Battelle jointly manage ORNL for the U.S. Department of Energy.

The American Chemical Society (ACS), the worlds largest scientific society, sponsors the landmarks program. Only 60 chemical landmarks have been recognized nationwide in the fifteen years since the inception of this program. This makes ORNL a site of distinction, for contributions that reach far beyond the boundaries of scientific circles, touching many lives over many decades, said Judy Benham, Ph.D., chair of the ACS Board of Directors.

Clinton Laboratories, now Oak Ridge National Laboratory, was built during World War II as part of the Manhattan Project; it was the site of the worlds first operational nuclear reactor, called the Clinton Pile or the Graphite Reactor. But the end of hostilities in August 1946 left the fate of the lab in doubt as it was not at all clear whether the government would fund peacetime atomic research.

The production and distribution of radioisotopes became part of the answer to the question of what would happen after the end of World War II. Accordingly, on August 2, 1946, Eugene Wigner, the laboratorys director, stood in front of the Graphite Reactor and presented a small container of carbon-14 to the director of the Barnard Free Skin and Cancer Hospital of St. Louis. Wigners presentation marked the beginning of the peacetime uses of atomic energy.

In the first year alone, the facility made more than a thousand shipments of radioisotopes, mostly of iodine-131, phosphorus-32, and carbon-14. Over the years, thousands of shipments left Oak Ridge, destined for use in research laboratories and medical centers. These isotopes had numerous scientific and medical applications as well as industrial and agricultural uses.

Perhaps the most common uses of radioisotopes are in medicine, for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Nuclear medicine began in the post-War years with doctors using iodine-131 to diagnose and then treat thyroid diseases, a very successful therapy.

Radioisotopes of carbon, cesium, cobalt, and many other elements have been used in cancer therapy. Technetium-99 has a multitude of uses in diagnostic imaging, and other radioisotopes are used as tracers in biological systems. These tracers are generally short-lived radioisotopes.

Plant hybridizers used radioisotopes to induce mutations in developing new horticultural varieties and to study the absorption of nutrients in plants. Radioisotopes have a number of industrial uses; one isotope, americium-241, for example, is used in smoke detectors.

The designation ceremony takes place on March 6 at 2:00 p.m. in the conference center, Tennessee Rooms A&B at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Oak Ridge, Tenn. A second, identical plaque will be placed at the American Museum of Science and Energy in Oak Ridge.

The American Chemical Society established the chemical landmarks program in 1992 to recognize seminal historic events in chemistry and to increase awareness of the contributions of chemistry to society. In 1995, the ACS designated the Chemicals from Coal Facility of Eastman Chemical Company in Kingsport, Tenn., as a National Historic Chemical Landmark.

Other landmarks named through this prestigious program have included the invention of Bakelite, the discovery of penicillin, the development of Tide laundry detergent, and the work of historical figures, including Joseph Priestley, Antoine Lavoisier, and George Washington Carver, among others. For more on the Landmark program, please visit www.acs.org/landmarks.


'/>"/>

Contact: Charmayne Marsh
c_marsh@acs.org
202-872-4445
American Chemical Society
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Concentric Medical Names Kimberly Bridges as Vice President of Sales, Announces Receipt of $15 Million Growth Funding
2. Free Book: Critically Acclaimed Book on Anger Management Now Available in Both Unabridged Audio and Print Form Worldwide
3. Bridges to Excellence Launches Medical Home Program
4. Breckenridge Pharmaceutical Settles Paragraph IV Litigation and Receives FDA Approval for its Oxcarbazepine ANDA
5. Breckenridge Pharmaceutical Signs Long Term Agreement with Helm AG (Hamburg, Germany)
6. Audio from Medialink and GlaxoSmithKline: Cleaning House ... Overhaul Your Fridge and Pantry to Lose Weight
7. Bridges to Excellence Announces New Implementation Programs for Health Plans and Additions to Board of Directors
8. Thoratec Announces Unanimous FDA Advisory Panel Recommendation for Approval of HeartMate II(R) for Bridge-to-Transplantation
9. Story tips from the Department of Energys Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Nov. 2007
10. The Cambridge Group Names Two New Principals
11. Abbott Broadens Use of i-STAT Handheld Blood Analyzer with CLIA Waiver Granted by FDA for CHEM8+ Test Cartridge
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... Kenall Manufacturing, a leader in sealed healthcare ... The MPCNGX is a multi-function, sealed, LED luminaire that meets the needs of everyone ... when it’s needed. , A 2’ x 4’ model features four modes: ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... a women growing up with a schizophrenic mother in a unique, personal perspective ... who specializes in treating trauma and addictive disorders at her private psychotherapy practice. ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... Valley, CA (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... be used in several ways to restore a more youthful appearance to the face. ... now offer Sculptra, along with a variety of other treatments, to rejuvenate and renew ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 , ... When it came time to blow out ... Just 40 minutes later, the Pediatric Heart Transplant team at Joe DiMaggio Children’s ... the Weston teen the hospital’s 30th heart transplant recipient. , “He was playing at ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... planning services to families and business owners in the greater Dallas metropolitan area, ... the Dallas Fallen Officer Foundation. , Established in 2009 by active police professionals ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/7/2016)... Dec. 7, 2016 Global Pulmonary ... drugs studies the current as well as future ... this report include companies and intermediaries engaged in ... and/or drug-device combinations as well as new entrants ... an elaborate executive summary along with a market ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO) has launched Diplomat Specialty ... IV Infusion Professional, BioRx, MedPro Rx, and XAS Infusion Suites. ... diplomat.is/specialty-infusion .  ... Diplomat Specialty Pharmacy (PRNewsFoto/Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc.) ... "As we continue to build on the work we have ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ALTO, Calif. , Dec. 7, 2016  Varian ... an update to its previously announced plans to separate ... be executed via a tax-free distribution to Varian stockholders ... stand-alone public company that will hold the Imaging Components ... expected to be executed by the end of January ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: