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Patients over age 60 do well after liver transplantation
Date:10/2/2007

Patients who undergo liver transplantation at age 60 or above have 1-year and 5-year survival rates similar to those of younger patients and they experience fewer episodes of rejection. These findings are published in a new study in the October issue of Liver Transplantation, a journal published by John Wiley & Sons. The article is also available online via Wiley Interscience http://www.interscience.wiley.com/journal/livertransplantion.

Though more and more patients are being listed for liver transplantation, the number of available organs has not increased. As a result, transplant centers have sought to reevaluate patient selection critieria to optimize survival outcomes and organ allocation. Older patients have long been considered high-risk recipients, because they may have other conditions and diseases alongside their liver problem, and because they have increased mortality risk overall. However, older patients have softer immune systems, which might reject transplants less often, leading to better outcomes.

Researchers, led by Timothy Cross of Kings College Hospital in London, set out to retrospectively examine the transplant outcomes of older patients compared to younger ones. They included 416 patients transplanted at Kings College between 1988 and 2003, dividing them into three groups according to age: Group 1 included 77 patients over age 65. Group 2 included 137 patients between 60 and 64 years old. And group 3 included 202 patients 18-59 years old. Each patient was regularly examined post-transplant for signs of rejection.

The researchers found that survival rates were very similar among all of the age groups. After 1-year, survival was 82 percent for patients over 65, 86 percent for patients 60-64 years old, and 83 percent for patients under 60. After 5 years, the survival rates were 73 percent, 80 percent and 78 percent respectively (these differences were not statistically significant). Notably, there was a significant
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Contact: Amy Molnar
amolnar@wiley.com
John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Source:Eurekalert

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