Navigation Links
Partial bans on smoking don't save jobs in restaurants and bars

Washington, DC, May 18, 2009 Some cities and states around the country have completely banned smoking in public places. Others have instituted partial bans to avoid negative economic consequences, such as loss of employment in restaurants and bars due to reduced patronage by smokers. But a new study from Minnesota finds that there is no significant difference between partial bans, complete bans and even no bans, in terms of their impact on number of employees in restaurants and bars.

"This is the first study to compare the economic consequences of partial bans, total bans and no bans on smoking in public places. Because they don't have any differential effect on employment in restaurants and bars, it is obvious that a total ban on smoking is the only way to protect employees and patrons from second hand smoke, which is known to cause lung cancer, heart disease and respiratory diseases" according to study author Elizabeth Klein, Ph.D., MPH, Assistant Professor in the Health Behavior & Health Promotion Division of the College of Public Health at Ohio State University. Klein conducted the study while she was at the University of Minnesota. The study is published in the June issue of Prevention Science, a peer reviewed journal of the Society for Prevention Research.

Klein studied ten cities in Minnesota from 2003 to 2006, using data from the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development. Employment was based on per capita figures to allow comparison among non-urban, small cities, suburban and large cities for a 45-month period. The range of employment in restaurants and bars across the various cities was 467 to 11, 296, and the total number of establishments ranged from 20 to 440 per city.

Communities that had a total ban on smoking in public places had 2 fewer employees per 10,000 residents compared to those without any ban on smoking. They also 9 fewer employees per 10,000 community members compared to communities with partial bans on smoking.

"These differences are not statistically significant, they are not disastrous, and they are not long-term, as are often predicted by opponents of any type of bans on smoking in public places," Klein said.

"Before Minnesota passed a complete ban on smoking in public places, some communities had complete bans; some had partial bans while others had no bans on smoking in public places. The different types of bans provided a perfect opportunity to study how these laws affected employment in restaurants and bars," according to Klein.

Klein's study covered free standing bars, which included lounges, taverns and nightclubs; and full service restaurants, which included family style restaurants, fine dining and steak houses.

Klein's paper notes that the concern for the economic health of bars was one of the reasons that led to a rollback of a county level, comprehensive clean indoor air policy in Hennepin County in Minnesota, which includes Minneapolis. The rollback in Hennepin County was eventually reversed by the comprehensive state-level ban on smoking in all public places.

"The fact that large scale changes in employment were not observed in Minnesota should be useful to policy makers across the country as they weigh the known health benefits of bans on smoking in public places against any perceived loss of employment in restaurants and bars," Klein said.


Contact: Prabhu Ponkshe
Society for Prevention Research

Related medicine news :

1. New Keppra XR(TM) Dosage Strength Offers Simplified Treatment Option for People Living With Partial-Onset Seizures
2. Marinus Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Positive Results of its Phase 2 Clinical Trial of Ganaxolone as Adjunctive Therapy in Adults With Partial Onset Seizures
3. Smoking behavior partially explains socioeconomic inequities in lung cancer incidence
4. Study: Adding Vimpat significantly reduces partial-onset seizures in adults with epilepsy
5. Partial Breast Irradiation Now Provided by Rocky Mountain Oncology Center
6. LegalView Reports Record Numbers of Drug Reactions in U.S., Partially Caused by Heparin
7. Keppra XR(TM) Offers Convenient Dosing For People With Partial Onset Seizures
8. VA Partial Birth Abortion Infanticide Act Constitutional, Should Be Upheld, Argues Americans United for Life Brief
9. Care Investment Trust Inc. Announces Fourth Quarter and Partial Year 2007 Results
10. Partial Face Transplant Patient Doing Well
11. UCB Announces FDA Filing for lacosamide in the Treatment of Partial Onset Seizures in Adults with Epilepsy
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/12/2015)... ... October 12, 2015 , ... To help ... its charitable donation to the National Breast Cancer Foundation. The National Breast Cancer ... breast cancer through early detection, education, and support services. , The annual campaign ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... ... October 12, 2015 , ... SQM Group ... a contact channel benchmarking study. Be a part of this insightful ... for improving customer experience, customer journey, contact channel execution and intelligence, workforce optimization, ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... ... ... Holcomb – Kreithen Plastic Surgery and MedSpa, PLLC (“Holcomb – Kreithen”), one of ... Surgery University,” an educational series of mini seminars covering aesthetic and plastic surgery options, ... Saturday, October 24, 2015. , The goal of the event is to provide hands-on ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... ... October 12, 2015 , ... The Asthma and ... Engagement Award by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) for a new project ... , The project, entitled “Training Patients with Asthma to Understand and Participate in ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... ... October 12, 2015 , ... International law firm Greenberg ... with the U.S. Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) reported to be ... ReCell® Autologous Cell Harvesting Device under a U.S. mass casualty preparedness program. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2015)... New York , October 12, 2015 ... (FMI) delivers key insights on the global vital signs monitoring ... Devices Market: Global Industry Analysis and Opportunity Assessment 2015-2025." The ... at a healthy CAGR of 9.5% and 9.2% in terms ... to factors, regarding which FMI offers major insights in detail ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... Oct. 12, 2015 Beginning October 1, 2015 ... Partner, the fastest growing practice management system for therapists, ... easily converts all patient diagnostic codes from the former ... --> --> Therapy Partner has ... mental health practitioners to easily understand the conversion to ...
(Date:10/12/2015)... , Oct. 12, 2015 Indivior PLC (LON: INDV) ... of Delaware granted the Company,s motion ... Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) No. 205299 to market a ... and naloxone) Sublingual Film (CIII) in the United ... Since August 2013, Indivior has received Paragraph IV certifications ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: