Navigation Links
Parents' poor math skills may lead to medication errors
Date:4/27/2012

BOSTON Many parents cringe when their child asks for help with math homework. New research shows that poor math skills can cause another difficulty for caregivers measuring the right amount of medicine.

In fact, parents with math skills at the third grade level or below were five times more likely to measure the wrong dose of medication for their child than those with skills at the sixth grade level or higher, according to a study to be presented Saturday, April 28, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in Boston.

"Parents face many challenges as they seek to administer medications to their children in a safe and effective manner," said study co-author H. Shonna Yin, MD, MS, FAAP, assistant professor of pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine and Bellevue Hospital Center. "Dosing liquid medications correctly can be especially confusing, as parents may need to understand numerical concepts such as how to convert between different units of measurement, like milliliters, teaspoons and tablespoons. Parents also must accurately use dosing cups, droppers and syringes, many of which vary in their measurement markings and the volume they hold."

Studies have shown that people with low reading skills are more likely to make mistakes in measuring the correct amount of medicine. Little research, however, has focused on whether low math skills contribute to dosing errors.

In this study, researchers looked at the relationship between both reading and math skills and medication dosing errors. Participants included 289 parents of children younger than 8 years of age who were prescribed a short course of liquid medication after being seen in a pediatric emergency department. Caregivers spoke either English or Spanish and were the primary person responsible for administering the medication.

Caregivers were given three tests to assess their reading and math skills. Researchers also watched parents as they measured out a dose of the medication that had been prescribed for their child.

Study results revealed that nearly one in three parents had low reading skills, while 83 percent of parents had poor numeracy skills (27 percent had skills at the third grade level or below).

Observations showed that 41 percent of parents made a dosing error. Parents' math scores, in particular, were associated with measuring mistakes, with parents who scored below the third grade level on the math test having almost a five times increased odds of making a dosing error.

"Our study found that many parents have poor numeracy skills, placing them at risk for making dosing errors," Dr. Yin said. "These findings point to a need to examine whether strategies that specifically address parent math skills can help reduce medication errors in children. In addition, recognition of the importance of addressing numeracy skills may be helpful for health care providers as they seek to improve their communication of medication instructions. For example, having providers review and give parents pictures of dosing instruments filled to the correct amount for that prescription may be beneficial."


'/>"/>
Contact: Debbie Jacobson
djacobson@aap.org
847-434-7084
American Academy of Pediatrics
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Explorers Bounty Puffed Fruit Snacks Helping Parents Battle Summer Obesity
2. Parents often wait too long to treat childrens asthma symptoms
3. New intervention helps Latino parents of asthmatic children quit smoking
4. PDA Reminds Parents About the Importance of Childrens Oral Health
5. New Virtual Program for Parents of Children with ADD / ADHD
6. Parents Divorce Doesnt Harm College-Age Kids
7. Some Parents Consider Hastening a Sick Childs Death
8. Infectious Virus Hides In Human Chromosomes During Latency And Can Be Passed From Parents To Their Children
9. Mother of Binge Drinking Victim Urges Students and Parents to Discuss Signs of Alcohol Poisoning, Emphasize Peer Responsibility Prior to Spring Break
10. Twinlab Launches New Omega-3 Powder in Single-Serving Stick Packs for Busy Parents and Their Kids
11. Risks of Kids Surgeries May Not Stick With Parents
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/22/2017)... ... April 22, 2017 , ... PharmacyChecker.com released its first International ... of 70% when buying medication online from Canadian pharmacies verified in the PharmacyChecker ... other countries. The report (chart below) compares U.S. and foreign prices for 20 ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... Providing broad access to life-saving drugs and rewarding the ... better way to address this problem. , That was the message from Dana Goldman, ... at the University of Southern California, who served as the keynote speaker for Western ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... ... adolescents and young adults, has kicked off its 4th annual Forum for Innovative ... year’s theme is “Attachment Informed Therapy for Mental Health and Addiction.” , ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... The adage “Show, don’t tell” applies ... project in the company’s esteemed VISION House demonstration project series. Manifesting the concept of ... of resources they need to live affordably and abundantly without unduly taxing the resources ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... Crossover Symmetry , an evidence ... active lifestyle company that provides Human Performance Training and education to tactical athletes. ... responders, military officers and others in service through the development and conditioning of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... Market and Increasing Usage of Complex Biologics during the Forecast Period" ... ... 20 Billion in 2015 to around USD 26 Billion by 2020. ... by Rapidly Expanding Injectables Market and Increasing Usage of Complex Biologics ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... , April 20, 2017 ... platform, the first non-viral gene expression technology that enables ... the eye to address a wide range of ophthalmic ... Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) to advance ... ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... The Mobile X-Ray product segment is the most ... the forecast period Mobile X-Ray segment is the ... X-Ray devices market, which is estimated to be valued at ... CAGR of 7% over the forecast period. Mobile X-Ray segment ... US$ 100 Mn in 2017 over 2016. The segment,s revenue ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: