Navigation Links
Parenting plays key role when african american boys move from preschool to kindergarten
Date:1/28/2014

A new study from UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute (FPG) has found that parenting affects the academic and social performance of African American boys as they move from preschool to kindergarten.

"The transition to kindergarten can be challenging for many children due to new expectations, social interactions, and physiological changes," said Iheoma Iruka, FPG's associate director of research and the study's lead author. "Transitions may be even more arduous for African American boys, given the many challenges they are likely to face compared to their peers."

However, Iruka says that previous research has demonstrated that many African American boys actually transition into kindergarten prepared to learn and excel. "In the early years, African American children, including boys, produce narratives of higher quality and have greater narrative comprehension than their peersand, once we account for family income, African American boys outperform other boys."

Many previous studies of children sampled across ethnic groups have only emphasized the academic or social deficits of African American boys after entering kindergarten. By concentrating exclusively on these boys, Iruka and her research team hoped to look at a fuller range of experiences and outcomes. The team studied the transitions of 700 African American boys by examining family and child characteristics, as well as parenting practices.

With FPG's Nicole Gardner-Neblett and Donna-Marie C. Winn, and Montclair State University's J.S. Matthews, Iruka found four patterns for African American boys after they transitionedand her team also demonstrated the key role that parenting plays in these outcomes.

Just over half the boys (51%) showed increases in language, reading, and math scores in kindergarten, but a sizeable group (19%) consisted of low achievers in preschool who declined even further academically after transition. The smallest group (11%) included early achievers who declined in kindergarten both academically and behaviorally; by contrast, 20% of the boys in the study comprised a group of early achievers who remained on their high-performing academic and social paths after the transition.

According to Iruka, the results clearly suggest that some African American boys experience challenges to their academic achievement and social skills as they move into to kindergarten.

"In addition, the two groups of early achievers is especially revealing about the importance of effective parenting," she said. "African American boys from homes where mothers frequently engaged in literacy activities and intentional teachingand other activities like playing games and taking the child on errandswere likely to be in the high achieving groups."

Iruka's study also showed that parent-child interactions influence whether a high-achieving African American boy stays on course.

"It's important to note that the early achievers who declined academically and socially were more likely to be from homes in which the parents were inattentive," she said. "The group of boys with detached parents showed a significant decrease in their reading and math scores and an increase in aggression during the preschool-to-kindergarten transition."

According to Iruka, these results fit well with other research that has shown how important it is for all children across socioeconomic lines to receive responsive parenting that is enriching and cognitively stimulating. Because of the importance of parenting, Iruka and her co-authors recommend involving parents in academic and social support for children throughout the transition from preschool to kindergarten.

"We believe this time of change requires families and teachers to work together," she said. "Not only can such partnerships help to ensure the best academic and social outcomes for gifted African American boysthey can make a difference for all groups of children."


'/>"/>

Contact: Dave Shaw
Dave@unc.edu
919-621-3933
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Discover Parenting Tips for Toddlers With the “Talking To Toddlers” Course – V-kool
2. HIV and parenting needs to be discussed, new study finds
3. New Book "Parenting Made Easy" Reveals Tips and a Big Bag of Tricks for Parenting
4. SafeToSleep Infant Breathing Monitor Nominated for Fifth National Parenting Award of 2013
5. National Parenting Center Recognizes Lifenest® Sleep System™ With Seal of Approval
6. Milaa Is Set to Introduce an Online Parenting Platform for Today’s Face-Pasted Parents with Activities That Are Beneficial for Their Children’s Development
7. Parent Magic Inc's "Surviving Your Adolescents" Wins Gold Award in National Parenting Publications Awards 2013
8. Patricia O’Laughlin Psychotherapy of Los Angeles Features Six Parenting Videos On Top Parenting Search Engine
9. Newly Released Parenting Upward Guide: Crafted for the Adult Children of the 10,000 Baby Boomers Turning 65 Every Day
10. Sensitive parenting can boost premature childrens school performance
11. SafeToSleep Baby Monitor Wins National Parenting Publication Award
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Parenting plays key role when african american boys move from preschool to kindergarten
(Date:4/22/2017)... ... April 22, 2017 , ... ... Security of Philadelphia its “Woman-Owned Small Business of the Year, eastern ... information destruction , recycling, and compliance services to businesses throughout eastern ...
(Date:4/22/2017)... ... April 22, 2017 , ... Brian Emmer brings more ... Sales and Business Development at OAKWORKS, Inc. Mr. Emmer is responsible for ... strategic planning for the company. Recognized industry-wide as a healthcare innovator, Emmer ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... ... An April 10 article in the Daily Mail describes the ... deal about prehistoric ice-age dental practitioners and their primitive and, no doubt, painful techniques. ... dental matter, and that teeth were then filled with bitumen, a substance similar to ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... ... staff at Palm Beach Face is proud to announce that their practice founder, Michael ... take place on April 23rd, the London Marathon has a long tradition of raising funds ... team EMPOWER, raising money for the international charity, Smile Train. , Started in ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... Chicago plastic surgeon, Dr. Anil R. ... osteoma is a benign bony lump located on the forehead usually attributed to a ... with sight and pain. Dr. Shah has discovered an approach that is minimally invasive. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... , April 20, 2017  Vivify Health, the pioneer ... has been awarded a very significant patent for the ... to continual care via digital health.  This landmark patent ... property and further secures Vivify,s position as the leader ... 2009, was the first company to apply consumer mobile ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... 2017  CVS Pharmacy, the retail division of ... store design to enhance the retail customer experience ... products and expanded beauty selections paired with informational ... new offerings. Together with its innovative digital programs, ... customer experience at CVS Pharmacy.  ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... 20, 2017 NeuroVive Pharmaceutical AB (Nasdaq ... positive preclinical results demonstrating anti-fibrotic effects with ... steatohepatitis (NASH), in an additional well-validated experimental ... has previously shown similar anti-fibrotic effects in ... scientists present novel data demonstrating anti-fibrotic effects ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: