Navigation Links
Paradigm shift: Switch for programmed cell death promotes spread of glioblastoma

This release is available in German.

Malignant tumors have usually lost their ability to destroy themselves by programmed cell death, or apoptosis. Therefore, tumors are often resistant to chemotherapy or radiation therapy, whose effect is based on forcing tumor cells to commit suicide.

This resistance to apoptosis is caused by defects in one of the numerous molecular switches regulating the self-destruction process. This is why scientists have been trying for a long time to restore the formation of these switches in cancer cells and, thereby, to restore their apoptotic ability. Among the key molecular switches is cell surface protein CD95, which is activated by the binding of its partner, CD95L. This triggers a whole cascade of biochemical signals leading to the death of the cell.

At the German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ), Dr. Ana Martin-Villalba and her team have been studying the function of CD95 on glioblastoma cells. Glioblastoma is an extremely aggressive malignant brain tumor that resists all treatments. The cancer grows like a coral and invades surrounding brain tissue with very fine protrusions. Individual, isolated tumor cells can penetrate even further. Thus, surgeons have no chance to completely remove the tumor tissue. In addition, glioblastoma is highly resistant to both chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

Martin-Villalbas team found large amounts of CD95 on glioblastoma cells, while CD95L was localized primarily at the so-called invasive front the border between tumor tissue and healthy brain tissue. Despite the presence of both molecules, the cells are resistant to programmed cell death. But this is not all: If CD95 on the surface of glioblastoma cells is activated by CD95L, this leads to the production of a protein called MMP9, which is known to be a molecular scissors. MMP9 cuts through the network of interwoven protein fibers that separate different tissue layers of the body from each other. With the aid of these protein scissors, tumor cells invade healthy tissue and form the dangerous protrusions that penetrate deep into the brain tissue.

The result showed the scientists a way how to stop the invasion of glioblastoma: They treated mice that had been transplanted glioblastoma with an antibody that blocks CD95. As a result, the migration of cancer cells ceded.

This is almost a paradigm shift, says Ana Martin-Villalba. Up to now, the goal has been to promote formation of CD95 and CD95L in tumor cells. In the case of glioblastoma, we now have to warn against this approach: This would only additionally support the spread of the tumor. The goal is rather to block activation of CD95. However, it is currently not possible to investigate this treatment approach in humans, because a useable antibody against human CD95 protein is not yet available.


Contact: Dr. Sibylle Kohlstdt
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres

Related medicine news :

1. Paradigm Selects Jopari to Provide E-Billing Gateway for Customers
2. Schizophrenia Gene May Have On/Off Switch
3. Brain Switch Helps Doctors Deal With Patients Pain
4. Switching to MA Coverage Unlikely for Current Beneficiaries With MediGap or Medicare Only
5. Scientists Spot Eye Development Switch
6. A molecular switch is linked to a common breast cancer
7. Researchers identify unusual molecular switch for common form of advanced breast cancer
8. Cell Structure Helps Direct Cancer Gene Switch
9. Childrens Hospital researchers identify molecular switch that could save very young lives
10. Protein-dependent switch regulates intracellular trafficking in epithelial cells
11. Switch for Internal Body Clock Found
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... CBD College is proud to ... Programs (CAAHEP) awarded accreditation to its Diagnostic Medical Sonography program. CBD College is honored ... one of twelve colleges and universities in the state of California make the cut. ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... Patients ... central Michigan, have come together on Thanksgiving Day to share the things that ... viewing on the Serenity Point YouTube channel, patients displayed what they wrote on ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... ... Jobs in hospital medical laboratories and in the imaging field lead the ... Aureus Medical Group . These fields, as well as travel nursing, ranked ... jobs through the company’s website, , The leading healthcare staffing agency ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... ... Indosoft Inc., developer and distributor of the world-class Asterisk based contact center ... reliability. , The new Q-Suite 6 platform is based on the latest Java Enterprise ... a specific piece of software for many key components of the suite. Much of ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... recognized once again for its stellar workplace culture with the company’s Cincinnati office ... , Medical Solutions’ Cincinnati office was named a finalist in Cincinnati Business Courier’s ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... November 26, 2015 ... "Self Administration of High Viscosity Drugs" report ... has announced the addition of the "Self ... their offering. --> Research and Markets ... the "Self Administration of High Viscosity Drugs" ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... November 26, 2015 ... the "Radioimmunoassay Market by Type (Reagents ... Industry, Academics, Clinical Diagnostic Labs), Application (Research, ... to 2020" report to their offering. ... the addition of the "Radioimmunoassay Market ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... 25, 2015 ... the "Global Brain Monitoring Devices Market ... --> ) has announced the ... Devices Market 2015-2019" report to their ... ( ) has announced the addition ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: