Navigation Links
Pairing masks and hand washing could drastically slow spread of pandemic flu
Date:1/31/2012

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---Masks and hand hygiene could cut the spread of flu-like symptoms up to 75 percent, a University of Michigan study found.

A new report shows the second-year results (2007-2008) of the ground-breaking U-M M-Flu study found up to a 75 percent reduction in flu-like illness over the study period when using hand hygiene and wearing surgical masks in residence halls, said Allison Aiello, associate professor of epidemiology in the U-M School of Public Health. Aiello and Dr. Arnold Monto, SPH professor of epidemiology, are co-principal investigators of the M-Flu study.

While the study also showed a 43 percent reduction in the rate of flu, it wasn't statistically significant. Students were more likely to report influenza-like symptoms than to provide laboratory samples for confirmed cases, Aiello said. "This might have impacted our power for detecting significant differences in confirmed flu," she said.

The results from both years found no significant reduction in symptoms in mask use alone, which suggests masks and hand hygiene should be used together, she said.

At the beginning of a pandemic, vaccines probably won't be available immediately so one of the first lines of defense to stop the spread of illness will be non-pharmaceutical interventions like hand hygiene and face masks. The M-Flu results bode well for these types of non-pharmaceutical interventions in the community setting for pandemic preparedness, Aiello said.

"This means masks and hand hygiene may be a good measure for preventing transmissions in crowded living quarters," said Aiello. "In a pandemic situation where compliance may be significantly higher than in controlled studies, masks and hand hygiene together may have even higher preventative implications."

The M-Flu study was the first of its kind and received international exposure when launched in 2006. The team of M-Flu researchers recruited more than 1,000 students in U-M residence halls. The students were assigned to groups who wore masks, wore masks and practiced hand hygiene, or did neither. They were monitored for the presence of flu symptoms or the flu.

The study was the first to test the effectiveness of these measures for primary prevention before people become sick or exhibited symptoms in the university setting, Monto said.

"Ultimately, this research could help the development of national policies for pandemic preparedness," Monto said.

The goal of M-Flu was to estimate the reduction in rate of flu infection and illness attributed to masks and hand sanitizers, and masks alone during two flu seasons. The results in year two were similar to year one with substantial reductions in flu-like symptoms. Students in both studies were asked to wear masks in the residence halls for six hours per day and clean their hands with an alcohol based hand sanitizer in addition to soap and water hand washing.

The group is planning another study involving campus residence halls, this time to evaluate the effect of voluntary sequestration on the flu in residence halls. Details and a timeline for that study are not available yet.

The M-Flu study was a collaboration among the School of Public Health, University of Michigan Housing and the University Health Service. In addition to Aiello and Monto, authors include current students or graduates of the U-M SPH: Rebecca Coulborn, Brian Davis, and Vanessa Perez; and a colleague at Wayne State University, Monica Uddin. The paper, "Facemasks hand hygiene and influenza among young adults: A randomized intervention trial" is scheduled to appear in PLoS ONE on Jan. 25


'/>"/>

Contact: Laura Bailey
baileylm@umich.edu
734-647-1848
University of Michigan
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Non-cocaine, topical anaesthetics can kill pain when repairing skin wounds
2. Natures elegant solution to repairing DNA in cancer, other conditions
3. CSHL study unmasks a stem cell origin of skin cancer and the genetic roots of malignancy
4. Study Unmasks the Biology of Bluffing
5. Study finds surgical masks provided effective protection of health-care workers against H1N1
6. Hand-Washing Key to Stopping Spread of Disease
7. Home washing machines: Source of potentially harmful ocean microplastic pollution
8. Med Students Need Hand Holding on Hand Washing
9. Washington pediatricians receive regular requests for alternative child immunization schedules
10. Washing the Body Cleanses the Mind
11. Pinkwashing is a form of social injustice asserts article in Environmental Justice
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... ... They are musicians and librarians, fashion designers and fitness instructors, actors, athletes and ... around the nation. What do they have in common? All have been affected by ... new photographic exhibit debuting Friday, December 9 at Logan International Airport in Boston. , ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... When it came time to blow out his candles on ... later, the Pediatric Heart Transplant team at Joe DiMaggio Children’s Hospital surprised his ... the hospital’s 30th heart transplant recipient. , “He was playing at home, when we ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... , ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... connectors, is now promoting to the US market its advanced highly customizable contact ... and ODU TURNTAC®. These advanced technologies are ideal for a wide range ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... MI (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... and financial consultation services from offices located in South Lyon, Dewitt, Williamston, East ... benefit a basketball coach who needs treatment for a brain tumor. , Jason ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... Folsom, CA (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 ... ... that provides insurance and financial consultation services to residents in the Sacramento/Folsom region, ... Choice Another Chance treatment facility. , The Another Choice Another Chance treatment center ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/7/2016)... Dec. 7, 2016  Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: IONS ... present a company overview at the BMO Capital Markets Prescriptions for ... York, NY . A live webcast of the ... the Ionis website.  The replay will be available within 48 hours ... ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... 7, 2016 Today, Stock-Callers.com presents four ... JAZZ ), Anthera Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ANTH ... AveXis Inc. (NASDAQ: AVXS ). From its peak ... 37% to reach a level equal to what it saw ... approximately 14% for the year, it has still out-performed other ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... According to the latest market ... Study on Multiplex Detection Immunoassay: North America to Dominate ... detection immunoassay market is expected to witness a CAGR of ... ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20161114/438683LOGO) ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: