Navigation Links
PD-like sleep and motor problems observed in α-synuclein mutant mice
Date:6/7/2013

Amsterdam, NL, 7 June 2013 The presence of Lewy bodies in nerve cells, formed by intracellular deposits of the protein α-synuclein, is a characteristic pathologic feature of Parkinson's Disease (PD). In the quest for an animal model of PD that mimics motor and non-motor symptoms of human PD, scientists have developed strains of mice that overexpress α-synuclein. By studying a strain of mice bred to overexpress α-synuclein via the Thy-1 promoter, scientists have found these mice develop many of the age-related progressive motor symptoms of PD and demonstrate changes in sleep and anxiety. Their results are published in the latest issue of Journal of Parkinson's Disease.

PD is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder in the United States, affecting approximately one million Americans and five million people worldwide. Its prevalence is projected to double by 2030. The most obvious symptoms are movement-related, such as involuntary shaking and muscle stiffness; non-motor symptoms, such as increases in anxiety and sleep disturbances, can appear prior to the onset of motor symptoms. Although the drug levodopa can relieve some symptoms, there is no cure intensifying the pressure to find an animal model that can help clarify the pathological processes underlying human PD and find new medications to treat the pathology and/or relieve symptoms.

Investigators at the National Institute on Aging compared wild type mice with specially bred mice that were transgenic for the A53T mutation of the human α-synuclein (SNCA) gene under the control of a human thymus cell antigen 1, theta (THY-1) promoter. As the mice aged, their motor performance on a rotarod test (which measures how long the mouse can remain on a rotating rod) became impaired and the length of their strides were significantly shorter than the wild type control mice.

The study also found that SNCA mice displayed fragmented nighttime activity patterns compared to wild type controls and appeared to have a reduced overall sleep time. "Despite the prevalence of abnormal sleep patterns in PD, very few studies to date have outlined sleep disturbances in animal models of PD," says Sarah M. Rothman, PhD, a researcher with the National Institute on Aging, in Baltimore, MD.

Many PD patients typically show an increase in anxiety and depression, and in this respect the SNCA mouse model did not replicate the human condition. SNCA mice displayed an early and significant decrease in anxiety-like behavior that persisted throughout their lifespan, as shown by both open field and elevated plus maze tests (in which mice have the choice of spending time in open or closed arms of a maze). Other rodent models that utilize changes in expression of α-synuclein have also reported lower anxiety levels. The authors suggest that higher levels of serotonin found in the hypothalamus of the SNCA mice may be associated with the reduced anxiety observed.

The authors say it is important to remember that the SNCA "model utilizes the presence of a mutation that only occurs very rarely in PD. While all PD patients display α-synuclein pathology, they do not all express the mutated form of the protein," says Dr. Rothman.


'/>"/>

Contact: Daphne Watrin
d.watrin@iospress.nl
31-206-883-355
IOS Press
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Coffee Drinking in Pregnancy Wont Lead to Sleepless Baby: Study
2. Disrupted Sleep May Raise Risk for Obesity, Diabetes: Study
3. Depressed moms behavior may play role in infants sleep problems
4. Depressed Moms May Hinder Babies Sleep
5. Poor Sleep Heightens Ringing Ear Disease Symptoms: Study
6. Adjusting Your Attitude About Chronic Pain May Help You Sleep
7. Excessive sleepiness may be cause of learning, attention and school problems
8. Study: Kids Who Sleep in Parents Bed Less Likely to Be Overweight
9. Sleepwalking in Adults More Common Than Thought
10. Pediatric epilepsy impacts sleep for the child and parents
11. Parents Often Lose Sleep Over Childs Epilepsy, Study Finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... At its annual meeting held last week, the American ... National Board of Directors. Mr. McDermott succeeds former APDA Chairman, Fred Greene. , "We ... Chambers , APDA President and CEO. “Pat has tirelessly served APDA since 2001 when ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Stuart Bentkover, MD, FACS is thrilled ... provide the most effective tattoo removal today, Dr. Bentkover is the only doctor in ... Cynosure, the PicoSure has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Colorize is ... one drop zone to the next using Colorize's dynamic moving camera. Colorize is perfect ... package includes a 3D slideshow environment with 1 to 5 focus points per scene, ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , ... February 05, 2016 , ... Health and wellness ... relevant to individuals in the event they are experiencing an illness. Migraines are a ... Americans that are afflicted with migraines would not wish the pain on their worst ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Ramsey, NJ (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 ... ... Optimizing Primary Care for Patients with Rare Diseases, a continuing medical education (CME) ... conference is the first of its kind—and a first for ACCORD, whose mission ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016  As people age, it ... multitude of recommended screenings and tests that are linked ... priority. However, for the majority of aging individuals, hearing ... planning. For the 37.5 million American adults who report ... present to make hearing health a 2016 healthy aging ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Feb. 5, 2016 Aethlon Medical, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... and CEO, will be presenting at Source Capital Group,s 2016 ... NY at 2:15 p.m. ET on Wednesday, February ... Panel discussion taking place at 3:15 p.m. ET. ... one hour after the conclusion of the live event. The ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Ind. , Feb. 5, 2016  Zimmer Biomet ... pricing of the previously announced underwritten secondary offering of ... its stockholders, consisting of affiliates of Blackstone and Goldman ... at an initial price of $96.45 per share. The ... the offering.  Neither Zimmer Biomet nor any of its ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: