Navigation Links
Oxytocin, the 'love' hormone, promotes group lying, according to Ben-Gurion U. researchers
Date:4/1/2014

BEER-SHEVA, IsraelApril 1, 2014 According to a new study by researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) and the University of Amsterdam, oxytocin caused participants to lie more to benefit their groups, and to do so more quickly and without expectation of reciprocal dishonesty from their group. Oxytocin is a hormone the body naturally produces to stimulate bonding.

The research was published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS).

"Our results suggest people are willing to bend ethical rules to help the people close to us, like our team or family," says Dr. Shaul Shalvi of Ben-Gurion University of the Negev's Department of Psychology and director of BGU's Center for Decision Making and Economic Psychology. "This raises an interesting, although perhaps more philosophical, question: Are all lies immoral?"

Dr. Shalvi's research focuses on ethical decision-making and the justifications people use to do wrong and still feel moral. Specifically, he looks at what determines how much people lie and which settings increase people's honesty. Very little is known about the biological foundations of immoral behavior.

"Together, these findings fit a functional perspective on morality revealing dishonesty to be plastic and rooted in evolved neurobiological circuitries, and align with work showing that oxytocin shifts the decision-maker's focus from self to group interests," Shalvi says.

"The results highlight the role of bonding and cooperation in shaping dishonesty, providing insight into when and why collaboration turns into corruption."

Oxytocin is a peptide of nine amino acids produced in the brain's hypothalamus, functioning as both a hormone and neurotransmitter. Research has shown that in addition to its bonding effect in couples and between mothers and babies, it also stimulates one's social approach.

Higher levels of oxytocin correlate with greater empathy, lower social anxiety and more pro-social choice in anonymous games; reduction in fear response; and greater trust in interpersonal exchange. It also stimulates defense-related aggression.

In the experiment designed by Shalvi and fellow researcher Carsten K. W. De Dreu of the University of Amsterdam's Department of Psychology, 60 male participants received an intranasal dose of either oxytocin or placebo. They were then split into teams of three and asked to predict the results of 10 coin tosses.

Participants were asked to toss the coin, see the outcome and report whether their prediction was correct. They knew that for each correct prediction, they could lie and earn more money to split between their group members, who were engaging in the same task.

"The statistical probability of someone correctly guessing the results of nine or 10 coin tosses is about one percent," says Shalvi. "Yet, 53 percent of those who were given oxytocin claimed to have correctly predicted that many coin tosses, which is extremely unlikely."

Only 23 percent of the participants who received the placebo reported the same results, reflecting a high likelihood that they were also lying, but to a lesser extent compared to those receiving oxytocin.


'/>"/>

Contact: Andrew Lavin
andrewlavin@alavin.com
516-944-4486
American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. People Love Talking About Themselves, Brain Scans Show
2. Teens Love of Loud Music Tied to Drinking, Drug Abuse
3. I want to know where love is
4. Tracking Love, Lust in the Brain
5. iLoveKickboxing.com Announces National Groupon Deal.
6. Musical glove improves sensation, mobility for people with spinal cord injury
7. Understanding flirtation in negotiation, shooter bias, love during marriage, and more
8. Humans Might Be Hard-Wired to Love Thy Neighbor
9. Love Knows No Gender Difference
10. New study finds clients want real love from sex workers
11. Stroke Prevention: More Sweet News for Chocolate Lovers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/22/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Phytocéane invites clients to take an exotic journey deep into ... ZANZIBAR MILKY CREAM. Inspired by the beauty of Zanzibar, a Tanzanian archipelago off the ... vegetal coral to create this gentle, velvety body cream to envelop the skin in ...
(Date:1/22/2017)... ... ... "Photo Cloud allows FCPX users to add favorited photos to any drop ... Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , To begin, select a ... include scenes with one, three, four or five focus points. There are five included ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... ... January 21, 2017 , ... Caronlab Australia, an Australian company ... ECRM Trade Show in Hilton Head, SC, where it benefited from outstanding meetings with ... of its beauty and wellness products. At this trade show, the company had the ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... ... 2017 , ... "ProDOF is the perfect set of tools for video editors that want to ... said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , Video editors using ProDOF ... of a DSLR racking focus from one area into the next. ProDOF comes with ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... FRANCE (PRWEB) , ... January 21, 2017 , ... ... the Indian Ocean, isolated from the rest of the world with ZANZIBAR SHOWER GEL. ... Africa, Phytocéane used key ingredients, Virgin Coconut Oil and moisturizing vegetal coral to create ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/23/2017)... remain until legal experts and senior industry leaders involved in supply chain, ... to discuss the flow of pharmaceutical products post Brexit at the only ... In the run up to the show, SMi Group have ... the event download centre . ... Some of those confirmed include: EMA, Aeterna Zentaris, ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... (Tumor, Clinical Chemistry, Microbiology, Esoteric), By Type of Lab (Hospital, ... HIV/AIDS etc.), Forecast to 2022" report to their offering. ... US ... clinical lab testing, which has evolved as a major source ...
(Date:1/21/2017)... , January 20, 2017 According to ... (Descriptive, Prescriptive), Application (Marketing, R&D, Compliance, SCM), Component (Software, Service), Delivery ... Forecasts to 2021" published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is expected to ... 2016, at a CAGR of 13.3% during the forecast period. ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: