Navigation Links
Overweight Preschoolers Raise Their Heart Disease Risk
Date:3/11/2009

Study found they showed early signs of cardiovascular trouble

WEDNESDAY, March 11 (HealthDay News) -- In yet another sign that obesity poses health risks at any age, new research shows that overweight children as young as age 3 can begin to show signs of cardiovascular disease risk factors.

About 24 percent of U.S. children aged 2 to 5 are overweight, defined as having a body-mass index (BMI) in the 85th percentile or above for their height and age. That number rises to 33 percent among children aged 6 to 11, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Using data on 3,098 children aged 3 to 6 taking part in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, researchers analyzed levels of HDL, or "good," cholesterol and C-reactive protein, a marker for inflammation that can warn of cardiovascular disease.

They found that children with high BMIs and large waist circumferences were more likely to have elevated levels of C-reactive protein and lower levels of HDL cholesterol than children of normal weight. Data on LDL, or "bad," cholesterol was not available.

"Overall, as waist circumference and body-mass index increases, HDL cholesterol decreases and C-reactive protein increases," said study author Sarah Messiah, a research assistant professor at the University of Miami. "It's pretty clear that even at this young age, these cardiovascular risk factors are in motion."

The findings were expected to be presented Wednesday at the American Heart Association's Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention annual conference, in Palm Harbor, Fla.

About 12 percent of children aged 2 to 5 are obese, defined as having BMIs in the 95th percentile or above for their height and weight, according to the CDC. Among children aged 6 to 11, 17 percent are obese.

In the study, researchers noted that links between children's weight and levels of cholesterol and C-reactive protein varied according to ethnicity, gender and race.

Elevated BMI and waist circumference significantly predicted higher C-reactive protein levels in white girls and in black and Hispanic boys.

High BMI and waist circumference predicted lower HDL cholesterol in Hispanic boys and girls, while a high BMI was linked to elevated total cholesterol in black boys.

Researchers said the differences could have to do with the children's diets, genetics or other lifestyle factors.

But researchers stressed that the key message of the study was that all children should have their BMI and waist circumference monitored, and if the numbers are found to be creeping up, doctors and parents should intervene.

"It's frightening," Messiah said. "We are in uncharted territory. We have never had this number of children this heavy so young. We don't know the cumulative effect of all of these years of having all of your organs -- heart, kidneys, liver, heart, pancreas -- under stress from being overweight."

While worrisome, the findings are not surprising, said Dr. Ronald Krauss, director of atherosclerosis research at Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute. In adults, the relationship between obesity and elevated LDL cholesterol and C-reactive protein has been well-established.

"It reinforces how serious it is and how much of an effort it's going to take to reduce the risk by going back to early childhood," Krauss said.

This summer, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended children as young as 2 start having their cholesterol levels screened if they have a family history of heart disease or high cholesterol, and that screening should start no later than 10.

They also recommended, controversially, that children as young as 8 be given cholesterol-lowering drugs.

Both Messiah and Krauss are opposed to children aged 3 to 6 taking statins; the focus should instead be on better nutrition and more physical activity.

More information

The Children's Nutrition Research Center at the Baylor College of Medicine has kid's healthy eating tips and a BMI calculator.



SOURCES: Sarah Messiah, Ph.D., M.P.H., research assistant professor and epidemiologist, University of Miami; Ronald Krauss, M.D., director, atherosclerosis research, Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute; March 11, 2009, presentation, American Heart Association's Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention annual conference, Palm Harbor, Fla.


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. One in Five Augustans With Type 2 Diabetes Mistakenly Believe That Being Obese or Overweight Can Positively Impact Their Disease
2. Losing weight can cure obstructive sleep apnea in overweight patients
3. World Cancer Day Highlights Link Between Overweight and Cancer
4. Even a Little Overweight, Inactivity Hurts the Heart
5. Overweight children at increased risk of arm and leg injuries following motor vehicle crash
6. STOP Obesity Alliance Releases Obesity GPS to Change Americas Course in the Fight Against Overweight and Obesity
7. 26 percent of sleepless children become overweight
8. Supersized P.E.: Ten Tips to Help Overweight Kids Get Healthy
9. Bullying Top Concern of Parents With Overweight Child
10. Overweight Hispanic children at significant risk for pre-diabetes, according to new USC study
11. Kids Who Sleep Poorly at Risk for Being Overweight
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Overweight Preschoolers Raise Their Heart Disease Risk
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... HMP , a leader in healthcare ... Folio Magazine Eddie Digital Award for ‘Best B-to-B Healthcare Website.’ Winners were announced during ... , The annual award competition recognizes editorial and design excellence across a range of ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... Wesley Chapel, FL (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... Chapel is holding a treadmill relay – Miles by Moonlight to raise money for ... by donating $300 or more. , Teams will work together to keep their ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Health Literacy ... health literacy software tool, and the Cancer Patient Education Network (CPEN), an independent ... today announce a new strategic alliance. , As CPEN’s strategic partner, HLI ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... Miramar, FL (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 ... ... is presenting the latest in wound care advancements to physician colleagues, skilled nursing ... lecture is titled, "Navigating the Treacherous Waters of Wound Care." , "At many ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... CHICAGO (PRWEB) , ... October ... ... innovator in life sciences content management, presents its enhanced Pepper Flow promotional ... Oct. 16 -18, 2017. Pepper Flow’s increased insight-driven capabilities help marketers streamline ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/18/2017)... 2017 EpiVax, Inc. ("EpiVax") a ... immune engineering, today announced a new NIH-funded ... ... and presents a challenge for traditional flu ... be effective. Using state-of-the-art bioinformatics and molecular modeling methods, ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... NEW YORK , Sept. 12, 2017   EcoVadis , the ... chains, has published the first annual edition of its Global CSR Risk ... 20,400 companies evaluated by EcoVadis, based on Scorecard Ratings that analyzed nearly ... ... Performance Index ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... Sept. 12, 2017  ValGenesis Inc., the global ... is pleased to announce the appointment of Dr. ... its Board of Directors and Chairman of Advisory ... life science companies to manage their entire validation ... paper in this process. Furthermore, ValGenesis VLMS enables ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: