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Overestimation of abortion deaths in Mexico hinders maternal mortality reduction efforts
Date:12/6/2012

This press release is available in Spanish and Portuguese.

A collaborative study conducted in Mexico by researchers of the University of West Virginia-Charleston (USA), Universidad Popular Autnoma del Estado de Puebla (Mexico), Universidad de Chile and the Institute of Molecular Epidemiology of the Universidad Catlica de la Santsima Concepcin (Chile), revealed that IPAS-Mexico overestimated rates of maternal and abortion mortality up to 35% over the last two decades. The research, recently published in the International Journal of Women's Health highlights that Mexico shows a 82.7% reduction in maternal mortality between 1957 and 2010, from 216.6 to 37.5 deaths per 100,000 live births; for the period between 1990 and 2010, there was a 30.6% decrease in maternal mortality. "These results directly contradict the figures recently reported by researchers from the IPAS-Mexico, who not only fail to detect a significant progress in maternal health since 1990, but also substantially overestimated maternal mortality rates in Mexico" said Elard Koch, the Chilean epidemiologist that led the research.

The research group re-analyzed the official causes of maternal death registered in Mexico employing the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) of the World Health Organization and the figures of observed live births each year. In addition, the researchers directly compared the obtained data with the studies conducted by IPAS-Mexico, detecting that the discrepancies with the latter were due to errors in the numerator and denominator of maternal rates, as well as the inadequate use of ICD codes for death causes. "For instance, the nine codes related with death with abortive outcome are often grouped as if they were all associated to illegal induced abortion; this is cl
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Contact: Lea M. Parks
lea.parks@melisainstitute.com
MELISA Institute
Source:Eurekalert

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