Navigation Links
Overcoming inhibitors of cell death improves cancer therapy efficacy

Individuals with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), one of the most aggressive types of brain tumor, have an extremely poor prognosis. Although pre-clinical studies indicated therapeutics inhibiting a group of proteins known as receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) would likely be beneficial to individuals with GBM, these RTK inhibitors have met with limited clinical success only a small proportion of patients respond to such treatment and most subsequently relapse after only a short time. New data, generated by Andrew Kung and colleagues, at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, have now provided insight into the mechanism by which GBM cells become resistant to RTK inhibitors and have suggested a way to improve the efficacy of RTK inhibitors in this clinical setting.

In the study, human GBM cells exposed in vitro to an inhibitor of the RTK PDGFR activated a cellular pathway that usually induces cells to undergo a form of cell death known as apoptosis, but the final steps of the pathway were not completed, meaning that the cells did not die. Further analysis revealed that the final steps of this pathway were blocked by a group of proteins known as IAPs. Consistent with this, if the PDGFR inhibitor was combined with an IAP inhibitor the GBM cells underwent apoptosis. Further, this drug combination showed enhanced efficacy at inhibiting tumor growth in an orthotopic mouse model of GBM. The authors therefore suggest that combining drugs targeting IAPs with RTK inhibitors might prove beneficial to individuals with GBM.


Contact: Karen Honey
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Page: 1

Related medicine news :

1. Overcoming Im in Control Syndrome and Providing Help When Patients Least Expect It Can Benefit Children and Teens With Asthma
2. VH1 Teams Up with Dr. Drew for Celebrity Rehab With Dr. Drew, a Series Depicting the Process of Overcoming Addiction
3. Cell skeleton may hold key to overcoming drug resistance in cancer
4. Myostatin inhibitors may improve recovery of wartime limb injuries
5. Team discovers new inhibitors of estrogen-dependent breast cancer cells
6. FDA Approves NOVO NORDISKs NovoSeven(R) RT (Coagulation Factor VIIa [Recombinant] Room Temperature Stable) for Hemophilia Patients With Inhibitors
7. Gastric juice for diagnosis of H. pylori infection in patients on proton pump inhibitors
8. NSAIDs: Painkillers, inflammation inhibitors, anti-cancer drugs and new de-methylating agents
9. Effect of tumor necrosis factor a inhibitors on heart failure risk in RA Patients
10. Silencing small but mighty cancer inhibitors
11. Sleep Apnea Boosts Death Risk
Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Dr. Calvin Johnson has ... he has implemented orthobiologic procedures as a method for treating his patients. The ... first doctors to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics are substances that orthopaedic surgeons use ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Michigan (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Those ... deal with these feelings, many turn to unhealthy avenues, such as drug or alcohol ... of Marne, Michigan, has released tools for healthy coping following a traumatic event. , ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... , ... Global law firm Greenberg Traurig, P.A. announced that 20 Florida attorneys ... peers for this recognition are considered among the top 2 percent of lawyers practicing ... members of this year’s Legal Elite Hall of Fame: Miami Shareholders Mark D. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 2016 , ... People across the U.S. are sharpening their pencils and honing ... contest in which patients and their families pay tribute to a genetic counselor by ... Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) Annual Education Conference (AEC) this September. , In ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Strategic Capital Partners, LLC ... by obtaining investment capital for emerging technology companies. SCP has delivered investment ... resulted in more than a million dollars of capital investment for five companies. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016  Global Blood ... biopharmaceutical company developing novel therapeutics for the treatment ... today announced the closing of its previously announced ... stock, at the public offering price of $18.75 ... offering were offered by GBT. GBT estimates net ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... June 24, 2016 Research ... "Structural Electronics 2015-2025: Applications, Technologies, Forecasts" ... In-Mold Electronics, Smart Skin, Structural Health ... Structural electronics involves electronic and/or electrical ... structures, replacing dumb structures such as vehicle bodies ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016  American Respiratory Labs (ARL), a ... now able to perform sophisticated lung assessments in patients, homes, thanks ... Inc. Patients are no longer limited to having ... PRO ® , ARL patients like Jeanne R. of ... the comfort of her own home. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: