Navigation Links
Over Half of Adverse Drug Reactions in Hospitals Are Preventable: Study
Date:9/9/2011

FRIDAY, Sept. 9 (HealthDay News) -- More than one-half of all adverse drug reactions treated in hospitals and emergency care are preventable, according to a new study.

In addition, prior research has shown that many preventable drug reactions -- which include drug overdoses and internal bleeding associated with the improper use of blood thinners and painkillers -- are life-threatening, said the Swedish researchers. This widespread problem, which is even more common among the elderly, has important implications for health care systems, they said.

There are many reasons for the high numbers of preventable adverse drug reactions, according to Katja Hakkarainen, a pharmacist from the Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg. These may include "poor coordination of care, lack of time and knowledge among health professionals, and lack of patient education," she said in an International Pharmaceutical Federation news release. "Unfortunately there is no consensus today on what to do" to prevent adverse drug reactions, she said.

"But our finding that they are so common means that it is imperative to create a climate in which they are not hidden, and that there is no 'blame and shame' involved," Hakkarainen added. Human error is inevitable, she said, "thus, safety measures need to be incorporated into the health system."

The findings were slated for presentation Thursday at the annual conference of the International Pharmaceutical Federation in Hyderabad, India.

In conducting the meta-analysis, in which evidence from a number of studies is combined with the aim of getting results with more statistical power, researchers examined the results of 22 previous studies. Among adult outpatients, the frequency of preventable adverse drug reactions that resulted in hospitalization or emergency treatment was 2 percent, they found. Of these, 51 percent were preventable.

Researchers also found that among the elderly, a full 71 percent of drug reactions could have been avoided.

Among hospitalized patients, the frequency of harmful drug reactions was 1.6 percent, and 45 percent of them were preventable.

The researchers added that as more drugs become available for people of all ages, the number of adverse drug reactions is likely to increase. They said it's important to know which could have been prevented since they are typically much more severe than those that were unavoidable.

In a different study, they noted, researchers found that nearly a third of preventable adverse drug reactions were life-threatening, compared to those that were unavoidable as part of treatment.

The Swedish researchers also cautioned that patients should not stop taking their medications for fear of an adverse reaction.

"Although it is clearly important to carry out such studies, we would like to emphasize that for most of the time, medications do much more good than harm," said Hakkarainen. "We would not like to think of people discontinuing therapy as a result of our conclusions."

Experts say that information presented at medical meetings should be considered preliminary because it has not been subjected to the rigorous scrutiny required for publication in a peer-reviewed medical journal.

More information

The U.S. National Institutes of Health provides more information on drug reactions.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: International Pharmaceutical Federation, news release, Sept. 6, 2011


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Mayo Clinic wins grant to gauge genetic risk of heart attacks, adverse drug reactions
2. Long-term NSAID use by hypertensive patients with CAD increases risk of adverse events
3. Childrens hay fever relieved by cellulose power without adverse effects
4. Sleep apnea may increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes
5. Radiology benefit managers adversely affect referring physicians, study suggests
6. Cosmetics can cause serious adverse effects
7. Adverse changes in sleep duration are associated with lower cognitive scores in middle-aged adults
8. Severe psoriasis linked to major adverse cardiovascular events
9. Study: Negative classroom environment adversely affects childrens mental health
10. Perinatal safety initiative reduces adverse obstetrical outcomes
11. Adverse drug events costly to health care system: Vancouver Coastal Health-UBC research
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Over Half of Adverse Drug Reactions in Hospitals Are Preventable: Study
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... technology to revolutionize the emergency ambulance transport experience for the millions of people ... how Uber has disrupted the taxi industry through the use of technology. Now, ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... , ... On June 10-11, 2016, A Forever Recovery, a holistic treatment center ... Breakfast Table in Battle Creek, MI, where the rehabilitation facility is located. This annual ... the world’s leading providers of cereal and other breakfast foods. Its residents often refer ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... NC (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 , ... Brent Kasmer, a legally blind and ... to be personalized through a fitness app. The fitness app plans to fix the two ... currently only offer a one size fits all type program , They don’t ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Austin residents seeking Mohs surgery services, can now turn to ... Dr. Russell Peckham for medical and surgical dermatology. , Dr. Dorsey brings specialization to ... fellowship in Mohs Micrographic Surgery completed by Dr. Dorsey was under the direction of ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... First Choice Emergency Room , the largest ... as the Medical Director of its new Mesquite-Samuell Farm facility. , “We are ... Mesquite location,” said Dr. James M. Muzzarelli, Executive Medical Director of First Choice Emergency ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... The Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy (AMCP) ... would allow biopharmaceutical companies to more easily share health ... and coverage decisions, a move that addresses the growing ... The recommendations address restrictions in the sharing of ... label, a prohibition that hinders decision makers from accessing ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... June 24, 2016 According to ... Type (Standard Pen Needles, Safety Pen Needles), Needle Length ... Growth Hormone), Mode of Purchase (Retail, Non-Retail) - Trends ... report studies the market for the forecast period of ... USD 2.81 Billion by 2021 from USD 1.65 Billion ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016  MedSource announced today ... its e-clinical software solution of choice.  This latest ... possible value to their clients by offering a ... preferred relationship establishes nowEDC as the EDC platform ... MedSource,s full-service clients.  "nowEDC has long been a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: