Navigation Links
Outpatients, hospital patients face growing, but different problems with antibiotic resistance
Date:4/18/2013

CORVALLIS, Ore. A new study concludes that problems with antibiotic resistance faced by outpatients may be as bad as those in hospitalized patients, and that more studies of outpatients are needed both to protect their health and to avoid inappropriate or unnecessary drug use.

Antibiotic resistance is a huge and growing problem in both hospital and outpatient settings. Failure to select an effective antibiotic, without appropriate consideration for this resistance, can increase the risk of continued illness or death.

While 126 million prescriptions a year for antimicrobial drugs are given to people outside of hospitals, less has been done with them, compared to inpatients, to monitor their levels of antibiotic resistance.

The new analysis examined more than 16,000 cultures for resistance to some commonly used antibiotics. It found that outpatients can face resistance issues that sometimes are similar to those of people in hospitals but that these problems can also be either more or less severe.

The findings were reported in Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease by researchers from Oregon State University, Oregon Health and Science University, and Kaiser Permanente Northwest. The work was supported by the National Institutes of Health.

"Hospitals for some time have been producing what are called antibiograms, a compilation of data to provide insights into local problems with antibiotic resistance," said Jessina McGregor, assistant professor in the OSU College of Pharmacy, who is an expert in antibiotic resistance issues and lead author on this study.

"Traditionally these findings have been shared with doctors to help them select the best antibiotics for their patients' infections," she said. "However, in many outpatient settings this same level of information has not been available. We found there are enough differences that we need to start doing more studies with the outpatient groups, in order to help doctors provide patients with the best possible care for their infections, and prevent the spread of resistance."

The researchers also noted that more than half of all antibiotics prescribed to outpatients for acute respiratory infections are unnecessary. This can speed the resistance of bacteria to antibiotic treatment.

Antibiotic resistance historically began to show up in hospitals before it was found in the larger community, researchers say. Because of this, hospitals have been more aggressive in working to monitor, understand and prevent unnecessary antibiotic use.

As patient records increasingly become electronic, both in the hospital and in outpatient clinics, it will be possible for more health care systems to produce outpatient antibiograms, McGregor said, and that will be "a step in the right direction."


'/>"/>

Contact: Jessina McGregor
mcgregoj@ohsu.edu
503-494-4722
Oregon State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Beaumont Childrens Hospital pediatrician inducted into Legends of Neonatology Hall of Fame
2. CALNOC Participating Hospitals Recognized as the Top in the Nation
3. Patients with surgical complications provide greater hospital profit-margins
4. Magnet hospitals achieve lower mortality, reports Medical Care
5. Better coordination necessary to reduce hospital readmission rates
6. Nominate Soliant Health’s 2013 Most Beautiful Hospitals in the U.S.
7. Healthy Vending Snacks Arrive to Philadelphia Rregion’s Most Honored and Respected Teaching Hospital; Thanks to Partnership with Award-Winning Food Services Provider
8. Best Drug Rehabilitation CEO Per Wickstrom Helps Launch Program to Uplift and Inspire Hospitalized Children
9. Northern Westchester Hospital Surgeon Reaches New Single-Incision Robot-Assisted Gallbladder Removal Surgery Milestone
10. RI Hospital: Co-infections not associated with worse outcomes during H1N1 pandemic
11. New Solutions for Hot Flashes, Night Sweats, and Decreased Sex Drive Available Now at Women's Excellence in Menopause, Affiliated with Crittenton Hospital Center
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... Spectrum Aquatics has launched a brand ... been designed and built with the user in mind. , “Over the last two ... us that an ADA 400 lbs lift is a necessary requirement for certain facilities ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... Dallas, TX (PRWEB) , ... May 31, 2016 , ... ... Center – Vidalia, GA; Houston Methodist – Houston, TX and Shore Medical Center – ... 1,000 and use three different, leading EHR solutions, demonstrating the breadth of Phynd’s solution ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... ... 2016 Cool Vendors in Security Infrastructure Protection report by Gartner1 Inc. , Each ... series of research reports evaluating these innovative vendors and their products and services. ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... To meet ... to the healthcare industry, The University of Scranton is adding a Certificate in ... to a career in rapidly growing field of healthcare information. , Healthcare ...
(Date:5/30/2016)... ... 30, 2016 , ... As the CDC relaxes its stance on traditional No-Nit ... keep their households lice free. , According to a May 26 article from ... kids in the classroom despite the fact that they may be harboring an infestation. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/31/2016)... 2016 194 Mitgliedsstaaten ... Eliminierung von viraler Hepatitis    Am ... eingegangen, virale Hepatitis bis 2030 zu eliminieren. ... Assembly haben sich die Staaten einstimmig dafür entschieden, ... Viral Hepatitis Strategy) zu verabschieden, was das bisher ...
(Date:5/30/2016)... , May 30, 2016 ... "Healthcare Analytical Testing Services Market by Type (Stability, ... Services), by End User (Pharmaceutical Companies, Medical Device ... MarketsandMarkets, The market witnessed healthy growth during the ... a CAGR of 11.3% between 2016 and 2021 ...
(Date:5/30/2016)... , May 30, 2016 ... 2016" market research report with comprehensive information on ... comparative analysis at various stages, therapeutics assessment by ... administration (RoA) and molecule type, along with latest ... also reviews key players involved in the therapeutic ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: