Navigation Links
Osteoarthritis Claims Growing Number of Younger Victims
Date:5/26/2010

Intensive sports and exercise at young age may be the cause, experts say

WEDNESDAY, May 26 (HealthDay News) -- Osteoarthritis used to be thought of as an older person's condition.

The joint disease occurs over time as the cartilage between bones breaks down and wears away, allowing the bones to rub together and causing pain, swelling and loss of motion.

"If you live long enough, it's like death and taxes -- you will likely get osteoarthritis," said Dr. Todd Stitik, an associate professor of physical medicine and rehabilitation at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey.

But these days, doctors have been seeing osteoarthritis more frequently in younger people, particularly osteoarthritis of the knee joints. Researchers are trying to figure out why.

The most promising avenues of study have tied early onset knee osteoarthritis to serious knee injuries, such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears.

One study found that impact-related ligament tears inside the knee can play havoc on the surrounding cartilage cells. Impacts that were hard enough to tear ligaments but not fracture bone or cartilage still caused cartilage cells to die off in a cascade that reached well away from the impact zone.

"If you have injury to the cartilage, that can weaken the cartilage and make it less durable over time," said the study's lead author, Dr. Constance R. Chu, an associate professor of orthopedic surgery at the University of Pittsburgh and director of its Cartilage Restoration Center. "What we're looking at is an impact injury that wasn't sufficient to fracture the cartilage, but I still would consider it a major impact."

The damage done to the cartilage cells by that type of injury would be invisible on a typical MRI scan, Chu said. Nonetheless, she guessed that about half of the people who sustain an ACL tear could develop osteoarthritis within five to 10 years. The findings were reported in the December issue of the American Journal of Sports Medicine.

Most early onset osteoarthritis appears to be tied to exercise and sports. People are playing harder at younger ages and potentially doing themselves harm by not protecting their joints.

Another study, this one presented at the 2009 annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America, found that people engaged in high levels of physical activity sustained more severe knee injuries, including such damage as fluid buildup in bone marrow and lesions on their cartilage and ligaments. Such injuries drastically increase the chances of developing osteoarthritis, according to the researchers.

Stitik cited as an example a college student he treated. She was in her early 20s, had been doing a lot of exercises, such as squats and lunges, that are hard on the knees, and she had been doing them improperly, he said.

"An MRI showed arthritic changes already taking place under her kneecap," Stitik said. "She was doing exercises improperly and was overdoing it. She was with a personal trainer and also exercising on her own -- just doing too much."

However, Chu suspects there also is a connection between early onset osteoarthritis and the growing obesity epidemic.

"If someone is overweight or obese, they put more stress on cartilage that has been weakened by injury," she said. "It is chronic overload [and] a very likely cause of osteoarthritis."

People who injure a knee should approach their recovery with great care if they want to reduce their chances of osteoarthritis, Chu said.

"Give the joint some time to recover," she said. "How long, we don't really know -- but for sure until any pain or swelling goes away. Then they should gradually return to their activity."

Active adults can better protect their knees from injury by strengthening their thigh and leg muscles through exercise, Chu said. These muscles provide crucial support to the knee joint. People also should be careful about the amount of high-impact exercise they do and should try to drop some pounds if they are overweight, she said.

"I actually advise my patients that the same types of things we think are good for their heart -- regular exercise, eating well -- are likely to be the healthiest for their joints as well," she said. "We can't control our genetics. Some people are literally born with tougher cartilage. It's the lifestyle factors that are under people's control that absolutely factor into whether a joint injury translates into early osteoarthritis. There are things people can do to reduce their chances of having terrible knees at a very, very young age."

More information

The Arthritis Foundation has more on osteoarthritis.



SOURCES: Todd Stitik, M.D., associate professor, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and director, musculoskeletal/occupational medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, N.J.; Constance R. Chu, M.D., Albert B. Ferguson associate professor of orthopedic surgery, and director, Cartilage Restoration Center, McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh; Nov. 30, 2009, presentation, Radiological Society of North America annual meeting, Chicago; December 2009, American Journal of Sports Medicine


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Unequal leg length tied to osteoarthritis, says Queens professor
2. Shoes: A treatment for osteoarthritis in the knees?
3. Electromagnetic pulses provide pain relief for osteoarthritis
4. New Osteoarthritis Research Grant Program Initiated by AOSSM and Genzyme Biosurgery
5. HSS Supports Arthritis Foundation Focus on Raising National Awareness of Osteoarthritis
6. Lots of Exercise in Midlife May Lead to Osteoarthritis
7. Osteoarthritis Costs U.S. Over $185 Billion a Year
8. FDA to Take Up Major Enforcement Action Against Cosmetics Manufacturers With Illegal “Anti-Aging” Labeling Claims, According to FDAImports.com, LLC
9. Salt Lake City proclaims Molecular Imaging Days during SNMs Annual Meeting in June
10. BPA in Cans Poses Health Threat, Report Claims
11. False Claims Act Attorney Tim Terry to Address Arizona Chapter of the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/7/2016)... Orion, Clarkston, Metamora, Michigan (PRWEB) , ... February 07, 2016 , ... ... Friday in recognition of National Wear Red Day. National Wear Red Day is ... and stroke in women. Heart disease and stroke cause 1 in 3 deaths among ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... ... February 06, 2016 , ... ... ADVISORY: 5000 PERIOPERATIVE NURSES EXPECTED AT AORN SURGICAL CONFERENCE & EXPO , ... the world with an estimated 5000 perioperative nurses in attendance to study ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... ... February 06, 2016 , ... Shark Finds and Kevin ... of a new DRTV campaign with Belly Bands. , Having a dog is great—except ... to puppy pads and find nothing works, get Belly Bands, the easiest way ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... Love is in the air at King Kullen! The ... and packaging. This staple for Valentine’s Day is a must-have, and can be picked ... Day, not only are long-stem roses available, but also other flower bouquets, elegantly wrapped ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... setting the stage for new clinical and scientific initiatives have all marked the ... she was appointed President and CEO of the nation’s oldest cancer center, Candace ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/4/2016)... , Feb. 4, 2016 In response to the ... FDA,s Deputy Commissioner for Medical Products and Tobacco, along with ... reassess the agency,s approach to opioid medications. The plan will ... providing patients in pain access to effective relief. ... , Re-examine the risk-benefit paradigm for opioids and ...
(Date:2/4/2016)...  Blueprint Medicines Corporation (NASDAQ: BPMC ), ... investigational kinase medicines for patients with genomically defined ... of directors of Lonnel Coats , a ... industry-related experience. Jeffrey Albers , ... strategic experience developing and commercializing numerous oncology products ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... SIOUX FALLS, S.D. , Feb. 4, 2016 ... patient and guest technology solutions, today announced that ... SONIFI Health Senior Living Engagement System. The system ... information tool that residents access through a tablet ... --> The resident engagement system provides access ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: