Navigation Links
'Opt out' system could solve donor organ shortage, says researcher
Date:10/31/2008

A system of presumed consent for organ donation - where people have to opt out of donating their organs when they die - is the best way to tackle a growing waiting list for transplant.

That is the opinion of Dr John Troyer, an expert in organ donation and the illegal trade of body parts, who has recently joined the University of Bath's Centre for Death & Society.

There are more than 7,500 patients in the UK currently on the waiting list for organ donations. Whilst nearly 16 million people in the UK, a quarter of the population, are registered as organ donors, bereaved families have the final say as to whether the organs of their loved ones are used in a transplant. This can lead to delays and can sometimes mean that the deceased person's organs are not used.

Dr John Troyer, who started a RCUK fellowship at the University in September, said: "In the UK we currently have an 'opt in' system of organ donation, where donors can register their consent for their organs to be used after their death.

"I believe a better alternative to this would be an 'opt out' or so-called presumed consent system where organs are used unless the person has specified their wish otherwise. This would encourage people to talk to their loved ones about donating their organs when they die and could have a real impact on the huge waiting list."

Dr Troyer says there is currently an illegal global trade in most body parts, with teeth, nails and bones being sold on the black market to be used as pharmaceutical products and skin being used to treat burns victims.

Organs such as kidneys are also being sold by living donors for large sums of money, with organs from the third world sometimes being used for first world patients who are desperate for a life-saving operation.

Some experts are calling for the selling of organs to be regulated rather than outlawed, to try and increase organ donation and to ensure a fair price to donors and their families. However, Dr Troyer believes this would be a dangerous step to take.

He said: "The reasoning behind regulating the organ trade is that by increasing the domestic supply of organs, the trade on the black market could be reduced.

"Another suggestion is that, instead of cash, families of deceased potential donors could be offered incentives to allow organ donation such as health insurance, funeral expenses or a gift to a charity.

"I believe that organ donation should remain altruistic like blood donation with the choice to opt out if preferred. This would make a big difference to the number of organs available and reduce the demand on the black market. It will also reduce the exploitation of poor people who sell their organs and endanger their health because they are desperate for money."

"Currently, the US has central organ database that matches available organs to patients on the waiting list. Whilst the UK has a national register of potential donors, there is no fast and easy way for doctors to check which organs are available."

He added: "Discussing death and dying is always going to be a taboo subject. The British are typically uncomfortable discussing death the only time people seem to want to talk about it is around Halloween!

"My father was in funeral industry so I grew up around dead bodies, which probably explains why I was drawn to studying the field I do.

"But having my background I almost feel it's my obligation to start the debate and get people thinking about the difficult issues surrounding death and dying."

Earlier this year, ministers backed proposals to overhaul the donation system, although presumed consent was not amongst the proposals. However, over the next two weeks, the Welsh Assembly is holding a series of public debates to discuss the need to introduce a system of presumed consent.


'/>"/>

Contact: Vicky Just
v.j.just@bath.ac.uk
44-012-253-86883
University of Bath
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. First Implant of DuraHeart(TM) Left Ventricular Assist System (LVAS) in Japanese Clinical Trial
2. Image Sensing Systems Announces Third Quarter Financial Results
3. Cancer requires support from immune system to develop, UT Southwestern researchers report
4. Hill-Rom Announces Agreement with Encompass Therapeutic Support Systems Adding New Surface Choice for Use with Hill-Rom Frames
5. Solos Endoscopy, Inc.s Mammo View(TM) System Now Used in Womens Hospital of Baton Rouge, LA
6. Cardo Medical Announces FDA Clearance of the Align 360 Total Knee System
7. Patient Placement Systems Selects Iatric Systems, Inc. to Deliver Interfaces for MEDITECH Healthcare Information Systems
8. Texcel Introduces Innovative Programmable, Implantable Stimulation System for R&D of Specialty Stimulation Therapies
9. PUR Water Filtration Systems Can Remove Pharmaceuticals Identified in U.S. Tap Water - More Than 99 Percent for PUR Faucet Filters and More Than 96 Percent for PUR Pitchers*
10. CPC Appoints Medical Product Service GmbH as Authorized European Representative for MedClose(TM) System
11. Innovative Atrial Fibrillation (AF) Catheter Ablation System From Ablation Frontiers is Subject of Two Abstracts at Heart Rhythm Congress UK
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
'Opt out' system could solve donor organ shortage, says researcher
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... With the increasing demand for dental implants, the National Association ... to inform dentists and patients about the safety issues related to dental restorations. According ... the U.S. is projected to reach $6.4 billion in 2018 with more than 30 ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... SunView ... customers and employees that are both engaging and easy to use. Coming off ... the software company revealed today its plans to roll out new AI-powered self-service ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... 08, 2016 , ... STATEN ISLAND, N.Y., Nov. 24, 2016 ... the highest standards of trauma, maternity, cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) ... Dr. Daniel Messina. , Among the recognitions, the American College of Surgeons' (ACS) ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Today’s patients are ... this in mind, SIGVARIS has created a new line of anti-embolism stockings to ... and provide the benefits of graduated compression when transitioning from recovery to early ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Dickinson Insurance ... offices headquartered in Little Rock, has initiated a charity drive to provide support ... Foundation to End Senior Hunger, Arkansas ranks first in senior hunger statewide, third ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... 8, 2016   TriNetX , the health ... Hospital signed a membership agreement to join ... of new cures. The TriNetX network ... million patients globally, biopharmaceutical companies and contract research ... protocol design, site selection, patient recruitment, and collaborative ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Pa. , Dec. 8, 2016  Pennsylvania ... Secretary of Drug and Alcohol Programs Gary ... and insomnia medications, known as benzodiazepines, developed with ... "Benzodiazepines are medications that are frequently prescribed ... when they are used with opioid pain medications, ...
(Date:12/8/2016)...  A new study by a pair of Geisinger ... therapy to treat chronic pain is not only ineffective, ... consequences, including death. Palliative care physicians ... , M.D., authored the study which provides a review ... study was published in the December 2016 edition of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: