Navigation Links
One-third of stunting and a quarter of deaths among under 3s in poor countries could be prevented
Date:1/17/2008

If existing maternal and child nutrition interventions were implemented in poor countries, cases of stunting among under 3s could be reduced by a third, and deaths by up to a quarter, according to new research being published today.

Professor Simon Cousens, of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, is one of the authors of a paper which appears as part of the Lancet Maternal and Child Undernutrition Series, which is being launched this week. Professor Cousens, along with four other series authors, is presenting his findings at a press event at the Science Media Centre.

178 million children under five are stunted, and most of these live in Sub-Saharan Africa and south-central Asia. 160 million stunted children (90%) live in just 36 countries, and make up 46% of the 348 million children in those countries. In addition, 19 million children are affected by severe acute malnutrition.

Historical evidence of improvements in nutrition in developed countries has shown that stature, living standards, reduced disease exposure and education are linked, and that almost all stunting is avoidable. Stunting is difficult to reverse after the age of three, so it is important to focus on interventions in pregnancy and in young children, especially those aged under two. In the past most nutrition programme reports and assessments have focused on weight gain rather than linear growth, and linear-growth retardation has been viewed as difficult to change. However, in the short term, about one third of stunting could be averted with existing interventions, say the authors. These include strategies to promote improved complementary feeding, micronutrient interventions, and interventions aimed at reducing the burden of disease.

In addition to reducing stunting, nutrition interventions, including breastfeeding promotion, could prevent about one quarter of child deaths in the 36 countries in which 90% of the worlds stunted children live, while universal supplementation with calcium, iron and folic acid of women during pregnancy could prevent around 100,000 maternal deaths (24% of the total) and 3.12 million DALYs.

Professor Cousens comments: Much can be done now to improve the nutritional status of mothers and children with simple, evidence-based interventions. Although there are intergenerational effects of undernutrition which will take many years to eliminate, promotion of breastfeeding, improved complementary feeding practices, interventions to improve micronutrient status and interventions to reduce the burden of child disease can all have an immediate impact on child nutrition. Attention to the continuum of maternal and child undernutrition is essential to attainment of several of the Millennium Development Goals and must be prioritised globally and within countries. Countries with a high prevalence of undernutrition must decide which interventions should be given the highest priority, and ensure their effective implementation at high coverage to achieve the greatest benefit.


'/>"/>

Contact: Gemma Howe
gemma.howe@lshtm.ac.uk
020-792-72802
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Less than one-third of women aware of landmark hormone therapy study, Stanford researcher finds
2. Acute lung injury patients one-third less likely to die in closed model ICUs
3. Over one-third of former American football players had sexual relations with men, study says
4. One-Third of Popular Songs Refer to Substance Abuse
5. New Gallup Survey Finds Half of Los Angeles Area Residents Have Taken in a Near-Homeless Person, One-Third Fear Homelessness Themselves
6. AIDS Ignorance: One-Third of Adults Admit Little or No Knowledge of Pandemic
7. One-Third of HIV-Infected Gay Men Have Unsafe Sex: CDC
8. One third of stunting and a quarter of deaths among under 3s in poor countries could be prevented
9. Haemacure Reports Third Quarter 2007 Results
10. Weight Watchers Declares Quarterly Dividend
11. Memry Corporation Announces Fiscal Fourth Quarter and 2007 Year End Earnings Release and Conference Call
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Today’s patients are encouraged ... in mind, SIGVARIS has created a new line of anti-embolism stockings to help ... provide the benefits of graduated compression when transitioning from recovery to early rehabilitation. ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... The Dan ... headquartered in Jefferson County, is announcing the launch of a charity drive to ... number of homeless women and children in Birmingham has grown steadily since the ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Bill ... and business owners in and around central Kansas, is joining the Youth Horizons ... in the region. , Headquartered in Wichita, Youth Horizons works to empower area ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... York, NY (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 ... ... amounts of the drug in their bodies, a researcher at the Icahn School ... journal Pediatric Research. , The study found that when young children are exposed ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... Atlanta, GA (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... en route to respond to an emergency medical call when he lost control of ... injuries. After being extricated from his vehicle, he was transported to Atlanta Medical Center, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... their offering. ... The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the ... Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided ... provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... , Dec. 7, 2016 "Lantus (Insulin Glargine) Biosimilar Clinical ... on 37 biosimilar version of Lantus drug in clinical pipeline. Currently 5 ... , Japan , Kenya , ... Germany , China , Slovakia ... 1 & 2 diabetes mellitus. The patent on Lantus expired in 2014. ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... YORK , Dec. 7, 2016 Global ... This report on the global hospital linen supply and ... of this market on a global and regional level. ... forecast for the period between 2015 and 2024 based ... the dynamics of the market along with their impact ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: