Navigation Links
One in 5 students in Grades 7-12 say they have had a traumatic brain injury in their lifetime
Date:6/25/2013

TORONTO, June 25, 2013One in five adolescents surveyed in Ontario said they have suffered a traumatic brain injury that left them unconscious for five minutes or required them to be hospitalized overnight, a statistic researchers in Toronto say is much higher than previously thought.

Sports such as ice hockey and soccer accounted for more than half the injuries, said Dr. Gabriela Ilie, lead author of the study and a post-doctoral fellow at St. Michael's Hospital.

Traumatic brain injuries, such as concussions, were reported more often by males than females, by those with lower school grades and by those who used alcohol or cannabis in the previous 12 months, she said.

The study was to be published Wednesday (June 26) in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Dr. Ilie said this is one of the first studies of traumatic brain injury to focus only on adolescents and to include all of their self-reported TBIs. Most previous studies based their reporting only on hospital records. Concussion is the most common form of traumatic brain injury. The data used in the study were from the 2011 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey (OSDUHS) developed by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health.

The survey, one of the longest ongoing school surveys in the world, contains responses from almost 9,000 students from Grades 7-12 in publicly funded schools across Ontario. The OSDUHS began as a drug use survey, but is now a broader study of adolescent health and well-being. For the first time in 2011, questions about traumatic brain injury were added to the survey.

"The questions about TBI were added to the OSDUHS because there were no current data on prevalence in the adolescent population," said Dr. Robert Mann, a senior scientist at CAMH and director of the OSDUHS. "Early research has indicated that there may be links between TBIs and mental health and substance use during adolescence we plan to study this in the near future."

The survey found that 20 per cent of adolescents in Ontario said they had had a traumatic brain injury in their lifetime. It found that 5.6 per cent of them had had such an injury in the past 12 months.

Dr. Ilie said this suggests the prevalence of TBI among young people is much higher than previously known, because many head injuries remain uncounted when they are not being reported to parents, teachers, sports coaches or health care workers. In Canada, 50 per cent of all injuries that kill and disable youth involve a TBI.

This new research found that 46.9 per cent of the TBIs reported by adolescent females occurred during sports (e.g., hockey, skate boarding); the figure was 63.5 per cent for males.

Students who reported drinking alcohol occasionally/frequently and those who reported using cannabis 10 or more times over the past 12 months had more than five times and more than three the odds, respectively, of acquiring a traumatic brain injury in the past 12 months than students who reported abstinence. The survey also showed that students who reported overall poor grades at school (below 60 per cent) had almost four times the odds of a lifetime acquired brain injury than students who reported grades at or above 90 per cent.

"Traumatic brain injury is preventable," said Dr. Ilie. "If we know who is more vulnerable, when and how these injuries are occurring, we can talk to students, coaches, and parents about it. We can take preventive action and find viable solutions to reduce their occurrence and long-term effects."

Brain injuries among adolescents are particularly concerning because their brains are still developing. There is growing evidence that people who have had one or more concussions are at greater risk of future concussions, and evidence that multiple brain injuries can result in lasting cognitive impairment, substance use, mental health and physical health harms.


'/>"/>

Contact: Leslie Shepherd
shepherdl@smh.ca
416-864-6094
St. Michael's Hospital
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Why are some college students more likely to hook up?
2. RKNet Studios Announced Cognitions Bridge Games to Help Students Develop Cognitive Abilities to Support Learning in the 21st Century Education
3. Research Shows that Medical Students May Have a Hidden Obesity Bias, Suggesting Weight Loss via Supplements Like Liproxenol Could Inadvertently Enhance Medical Treatment
4. Marianjoy to Award $50,000 in Scholarships to Students with Disabilities
5. Atlanta High School Students Win Brock International’s Safety MVP Contest
6. Intergenerational Prom Night Joins GracePointe Elders with Local High School Students
7. Two Community-Involved, Philadelphia-area Students Receive $8,000 Scholarships
8. New Emergency Medicine App from Elsevier Australia Gives Students the Edge
9. JD Media Surge, LLC Launches New Blog to Help Students Find The Medical Career of Their Dreams
10. District II and New York State Athletic Trainers and AT Students Provide Vital Health Care at Boston Marathon
11. 5 CU-Boulder Students Patent New Medical Device Through Partnership With CU Cancer Center researcher
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... FileHold's document management software has been implemented ... hosted environment for FileHold software that is pay per user subscription-based and also ... the FileHold web services API. DocuSyst also advises clients on fully functioning back ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... TopConsumerReviews.com recently awarded their highest five-star rating to ... are derived from a cluster of melanin when exposed to sunlight. Although most moles ... a lifetime of embarrassment. Historically, mole removal has involved a painful, often ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... (NADL), only four states in the U.S. require dental technicians to be certified ... in the dental industry, NADL created the “What’s In Your Mouth?” campaign to ...
(Date:2/7/2016)... ... February 07, 2016 , ... ... has added Kybella® to his medical and surgical expertise. Technically known as deoxycholic ... injectable medication used as a non-surgical alternative for reduction of fat below the ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... ... February 06, 2016 , ... Shark Finds and ... launch of a new DRTV campaign with Belly Bands. , Having a dog is ... sprays to puppy pads and find nothing works, get Belly Bands, the easiest ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016  As people age, ... The multitude of recommended screenings and tests that are ... a priority. However, for the majority of aging individuals, ... health planning. For the 37.5 million American adults who ... the present to make hearing health a 2016 healthy ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016  Aralez Pharmaceuticals Inc. ("Aralez") ... POZEN Inc. ("POZEN") and Tribute Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc. ("Tribute") following ... shareholders of Tribute. The combined company will operate under ... with operations in Canada , ... States . Under the terms of the Agreement ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016 Aethlon Medical, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... Chairman and CEO, will be presenting at Source Capital Group,s ... York, NY at 2:15 p.m. ET on Wednesday, ... Immunotherapy Panel discussion taking place at 3:15 p.m. ET. ... approximately one hour after the conclusion of the live event. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: