Navigation Links
Occupational Therapists Use Sensory Integration to Help Autistic Children Find Fitting Social Behaviors
Date:4/14/2009

PORTLAND, Ore., April 14 /PRNewswire/ -- Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a biologically based neurologic disorder affecting childhood development. Although it has strong genetic underpinnings, it is also a mix of unlike disorders. While ASD has been associated with many medical disorders and syndromes, the nature of such associations still isn't clear. According to recent CDC information, one in 150 children suffers from ASD, and it's four times more common in boys than girls.

"Occupational therapy helps people develop the life skills needed for living independent and satisfying lives, and it's also helpful for children diagnosed with ASD," said Dr. Skip Freedman, Executive Medical Director at AllMed Healthcare Management (www.allmedmd.com), a leading independent review organization (IRO). "Occupational therapists who treat children with ASD seek to help them develop suitable responses to stimuli in their environment."

Four clusters of behavior characterize autism: disturbances in social interaction, deficits in communication, behavioral abnormalities, and disturbances of sensory and perceptual processing. Of these, the inability to communicate is key. Children with ASD learn to talk later, don't learn to talk at all or sometimes lose the ability to talk. Others may learn to talk, but find using language effectively in social interactions difficult. Children with ASD can be both under- and over-responsive to sensory stimuli. Disturbances in the children's perception of auditory stimulation are common.

Based on analysis of the interactions of an ASD child's skills, challenges and occupations, occupational therapists can intervene to help the child select alternative behaviors and tailor the intervention for the child's specific needs and personality. This increases the child's gaining new skills.

Sensory-based Integration

Traditionally, occupational therapists focused on the child's fine and gross motor skills, motor planning, and acquiring self-help skills. For example, they would work with ASD children to develop skills for buttoning their shirts, tying their shoes or work on their handwriting. Now, occupational therapists who specialize in ASD work with children on integrating the information coming in through their senses. Sensory integration and sensory-based interventions help children improve their self-regulation and develop acceptable behavioral responses. This integration effort improves the child's sensory information processing and helps the child sort out acceptable from unacceptable behaviors. Additionally, the occupational therapist also may work with the child on his social and play skills.

Other Interventions

Occupational therapists find relationship-based intervention treatments help a child with ASD grow both socially and emotionally. Often they use adult imitation involving many positive responses, prompts and cues to facilitate interaction between the children and their peers. This helps to show the positive effects of social engagement. Also, they engage the children in structured-play activities that include cueing, promoting and positive reinforcement to improve social interactions and taking turns.

Occupational therapists find that modeling and practice can have positive effects on activities such as turn-taking, joint attention, eye contact, nonverbal communication and language. Often they use social stories during therapy sessions to involve ASD children actively and to improve their targeted behaviors.

The philosophy and goals of occupational therapists align well with intervention for children with ASD, making them an integral part of the treatment team.

"Pediatricians can help parents identify early intervention programs available through a state's department of social services or department of health," said Freedman. "Often, parent's health-insurance plan can fund occupational therapy."

To cover occupational therapy for ASD, most health insurers may request documentation that includes integration and praxis tests (SIPT) results, short- and long-term treatment goals and require a therapist to have sensory integration credentials.

Find more information about how IROs make medical necessity determinations for the use of occupational therapists and other treatments by visiting AllMed's web site at www.allmedmd.com.


'/>"/>
SOURCE AllMed Healthcare Management
Copyright©2009 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Occupational Therapy Practitioners Identify Early Signs Of Autism Spectrum Disorder, Help Families Participate In Daily Routines
2. Nearing Centennial, Occupational Therapy Profession Launches New Brand
3. New Occupational Therapy School and Career Resource on All Allied Health Schools
4. U.S. Department of Labor pays $4.5 billion in benefits under Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act
5. Nurses: Command Spanish Onlines Occupational Spanish Language Course Accepted for Credit by the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC)
6. Wyle Key Part of Winning Team for Marshall Space Flight Center Occupational Health Services Contract
7. Occupational Therapy Plus Exercise Benefits Osteoarthritis
8. Spansion Wins Gold Award for Occupational Safety and Health in Malaysia
9. Lockheed Martin Awarded Contract to Expand its Federal Occupational Healthcare Services
10. New Vitamin Company Caters to Occupational Health Concerns
11. Metal Trades Dept. Calls for Oversight Hearings Into Operations of Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program (EEOICP)
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... Puregraft, ... systems announces the issuance of United States Patent Number 9,695,398 (the '398 patent) ... technology. The '398 and '324 patents cover methods and systems for optimizing ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... ... in National Harbor, MD. This year's theme focuses on the new ISO/IEC 17025 ... for quality and integrity in testing and calibration will be changed. , ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... , ... July 24, 2017 , ... ... sleep management solution focused on delivering end-to-end sleep health care at scale, ... Recent literature shows that adherence rates for positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy, the ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... , ... A Southern California-based author has released a new book which details ... overcome them. “Forbidden Memories: A Memoir,” by author Michelle V. Madsen, highlights the author’s ... , In “Memories,” readers get a firsthand look at what Michelle has been through ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... Committed to eliminating ... enrolled over 100,000 children in their treatment program. Clubfoot is a pervasive problem ... where treatment is limited or non-existent. Without intervention, these children are destined to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/15/2017)... , July 15, 2017 Enterin Inc., a ... treat Parkinson,s disease (PD), today announced the completion of a ... investors New Ventures III, as well as the participation of ... absolutely thrilled to have the support of New Ventures III ... investors as validation of the potential of our platform technology ...
(Date:7/14/2017)... It should come as no surprise to anyone that ... of a crippling opioid epidemic. According to the Center ... deaths from opiate-based medications has quadrupled, Says, Dr. David ... 2001 to 2015". During this time, the prescription rate for ... a compelling link between prescription and eventual addiction. The problem ...
(Date:7/13/2017)... 13, 2017 RK Logistics Group, Inc. was awarded ... for its Fremont, CA headquarters facility ... Tri-Valley and San Jose for hi-tech, ... Fremont , with its Fremont Innovation District, is excited ... a powerful resource to the hundreds of biotech, pharma and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: