Navigation Links
Obesity linked to higher risk of prostate cancer progression

DURHAM, N.C. Even when treated with hormone therapy to suppress tumor growth, obese men face an elevated risk of their prostate cancer worsening, researchers at Duke University Medical Center have found.

The research, reported at the American Urological Association annual meeting Sunday (May 15, 2011), advances the link between obesity and prostate cancer, which has generated research interest in recent years as the incidence of both conditions remains high and often overlaps.

"Over the past decades, there has been increasing prevalence of obesity in the U.S. and Europe, and a high rate of prostate cancer that is the second-most lethal cancer for men," said Christopher J. Keto, M.D., a urologic fellow at Duke University Medical Center and lead author of the study.

An estimated one in six U.S. men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime, according to the American Cancer Society; additionally, one in three U.S. men are obese.

To examine the role obesity may play in prostate cancer, Keto and colleagues at Duke identified 287 men whose diseased prostates had been removed at five U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs hospitals from 1988-2009.

Because their cancers had reappeared, the men had also been given androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). The chemical inhibits production of the male hormone testosterone, which fuels prostate tumors.

Men in the study group who were overweight or obese had a three-fold increased risk of cancer progression compared to normal-weight men, despite receiving the same treatment.

Additionally, overweight men had more than a three-fold increased risk of their cancer spreading to the bone compared to normal-weight men, while obese men had a five-fold increase in the risk of metastases.

Keto said additional studies are needed to determine why heavy men fare worse than normal-weight men, even when treated similarly. One area of scrutiny may be the dosage of ADT.

"We think perhaps obese men may require additional ADT," Keto said. "The dose is the same regardless of weight, while most drugs are dosed according to weight."

Stephen J. Freedland, M.D., associate professor of urology in the Duke Prostate Cancer Center and senior author of the study, said the findings build upon the Duke group's broader research efforts into the connection between obesity and prostate cancer.

"By being thematic in our research we can really get to the bottom of something," Freedland said. "The study supports a growing body of literature showing that obese men with prostate cancer do worse. Our next step is to figure out why."

Freedland said knowing that heavy men are at higher risk for bad outcomes could lead to better interventions. He said the Duke group has launched a new trial to test the effects of diet and exercise on overweight and obese men whose prostate cancer treatment includes hormone therapy.

"If obesity is bad for prostate cancer, we may have to be more aggressive in our treatment," he said. "Ultimately, we aim to learn why, which in turn can lead us to better treatments for these men."


Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Related medicine news :

1. Fever During Pregnancy, Diabetes and Obesity May Raise Autism Risk
2. Mild obesity appears to improve survival in ALS patients
3. Study: Surge in obesity correlates with increased automobile usage
4. Prolonged Bottle Feeding Boosts Kids Obesity Risk: Study
5. Penn State to focus on obesity prevention training
6. $4.5 million grant creates transdisciplinary program to train scholars in child obesity prevention
7. Multiple Pregnancies May Up Risk of Obesity, Diabetes: Animal Study
8. Rising Obesity Rates Add to Arthritis Woes in U.S.
9. Obesity: Conclusive results for the Montreal Heart Institutes EPIC Centre Kilo-Actif program
10. Melatonin might help in controlling weight gain and preventing heart diseases associated with obesity
11. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with different types of obesity in black and white children
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... Missouri (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... HEAL, will provide scholarships for people struggling with eating disorders as a result ... from the second annual event, held at Fox Run Golf Club in Eureka, ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... An unlikely combination of recycled ... way for homeless people to have a more dignified and comfortable night’s sleep. ... they are repurposing plastic bags into sleeping mats for the homeless. The ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Mateo, CA (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... in prizes were awarded to winners of the Create Real Impact awards. California ... creative expression to help stem the tide of distracted and reckless driving, the number ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... GA (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 , ... Dr. ... to now offer laser services to many of his patients. Dr. Afferica now uses ... designed to reduce the amount of time the doctor uses other traditional cutting tools, ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... SAN FRANCISCO, CA (PRWEB) , ... November 24, ... ... launched half-cup sizes, has launched their Black Friday sale a week early, offering ... ThirdLove continues to transform the intimate apparel industry through both mobile fit technology ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... , November 25, 2015 ... Investors"), pursuant to which BioLight and the New Investors ... Ltd. subsidiary ("IOPtima") via a private placement. The financing ... its innovative IOPtimate™ system used in the treatment of ... pathway process for the IOPtimate™ system with the U.S. ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... 25, 2015 --> ... eine Lizenz für das Patent über eine neue Hepatitis-B-Behandlung, ... ENS-Lyon innehaben, an Enyo Pharma vergeben haben. ... Leben gerufenen und von Edelris gemeinsam mit seinen Partnern ... Behandlungsziel für HBV identifiziert, und es wurden neue Inhaltsstoffe ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Calif. , Nov. 24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... leader in non-invasive genetic testing and the ... that it will present at the 27 ... York on Wednesday, December 2, 2015 at 1:00 p.m. ET.  Matthew Rabinowitz, ... Company,s financial results, business activities and financial ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: