Navigation Links
Obesity Rates Up in 37 States: Report
Date:8/19/2008

At least 20% of adults are obese in every state except Colorado

TUESDAY, Aug. 19 (HealthDay News) -- The obesity epidemic in America has gotten worse -- not better -- in the last year, despite public service campaigns warning about the health risks posed by carrying too much weight, a new report found.

Adult obesity rates increased in 37 states, while there were no decreases in any states, according to the annual report released Tuesday by the nonprofit Trust for America's Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

The obesity rates rose for a second consecutive year in 24 states and for a third consecutive year in 19 states, according to the report, F as in Fat: How Obesity Policies Are Failing in America, 2008".

More than 25 percent of adults are obese in 28 states, up from 19 states last year. And more than 20 percent of adults are obese in every state except Colorado. In 1991, no state had an obesity rate greater than 20 percent.

Eleven of the 15 states with the highest obesity rates are in the South. Northeastern and Western states have the lowest obesity rates.

"Despite widespread acknowledgement that obesity is endangering the health of millions of Americans, the country is still failing to respond clearly or comprehensively," Dr. Risa Lavizzo-Mourey, president and chief executive officer of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, said in the news release. "We must work together, governments, schools and communities, to improve nutrition and increase physical activity for all ages. We must ensure that strong policies are implemented and enforced in every state, not only to help reverse existing obesity rates, but to prevent obesity among our nation's children and generations to come."

The five fattest states and their obesity rates are Mississippi (31.7 percent), West Virginia (30.6 percent), Alabama (30.1 percent), Louisiana (29.5 percent) and South Carolina (29.2 percent). The five slimmest states are Colorado (18.4 percent), Hawaii (20.7 percent), Connecticut (20.8 percent), Massachusetts (20.9 percent), and Vermont (21.1 percent), according to the report.

An estimated two-thirds of Americans are now overweight or obese. That compares to 1980, when the national average of obese adults was 15 percent.

Obesity is defined as a body mass index -- BMI, a ratio of weight to height -- of 30 or more. A person who is 5-feet, 8-inches tall and weighs 197 pounds has a BMI of 30.

The report said that rates of type 2 diabetes -- a disease typically associated with obesity -- increased in 26 states last year. Four states now have diabetes rates above 10 percent. And all 10 states with the highest rates of diabetes and high blood pressure are in the South.

Besides type 2 diabetes, obesity has been linked to coronary heart disease and stroke, cancer, osteoarthritis, gall bladder disease, liver disease and pregnancy complications, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

The report also noted a relationship between poverty and obesity rates. It found that seven of the 10 states with the highest obesity rates are also among the 10 states with the highest poverty rates.

While a number of promising policies designed to promote physical activity and good nutrition have been introduced in communities, the report's findings suggest that these policies aren't being adopted or implemented at levels sufficient to reverse the obesity epidemic.

"America's future depends on the health of our country. The obesity epidemic is lowering our productivity and dramatically increasing our health care costs. Our analysis shows that we are not treating the obesity epidemic with the urgency it deserves," Jeffrey Levi, executive director of Trust for America's Health, said in a news release. "Even though communities have started taking action, considering the scope of the problem, the country's response has been severely limited. For significant change to happen, combating obesity must become a national priority."

Among the report's other findings:

  • While all 50 states and the District of Columbia have passed laws related to physical education and/or physical activity in schools, only 13 states include language to enforce the laws. Of these states, only four have sanctions or penalties if the laws are not implemented.
  • While the Dietary Guidelines for Americans were updated in 2005, the U.S. Department of Agriculture school meal program has yet to adopt the recommendations.
  • Eighteen states have enacted laws requiring school meals to exceed USDA nutrition standards. But, only seven of these laws have specific enforcement provisions, and only two state laws include sanctions if its requirements aren't met.
  • Ten states do not include specific coverage for nutrition assessment and counseling for obese or overweight children in their Medicaid programs.
  • Twenty states explicitly do not cover nutritional assessment and consultation for obese adults under Medicaid.

The report offered a series of recommendations to combat the obesity epidemic, including investing in community-based disease-prevention programs that promote physical activity and good nutrition; improving the nutritional quality of foods available in schools and child-care programs; increasing the amount and quality of physical education and activity in schools and child-care programs; encouraging employers to provide workplace wellness programs; and requiring public and private insurers to provide preventive services, including nutrition counseling for children and adults.

More information

The U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases has more about obesity.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: Trust for America's Health, news release, Aug. 19, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Virus Could Help Drive Obesity
2. Surgery for severe obesity saves lives
3. Obesity Doesnt Always Equal Diabetes
4. Obesity Rate in U.S. Still Climbing
5. Treating diabetes during pregnancy can break link to childhood obesity
6. ZIP codes and property values predict obesity rates
7. High and mighty: first common height gene identified by researchers behind obesity gene finding
8. Research Links TV/Video Game Playing With Child Obesity; Health Experts Back a New Approach
9. UT Southwesterns obesity research receives $22 million NIH Roadmap grant
10. Genaera Announces Formation of Scientific Advisory Board for Obesity Drug Candidate Trodusquemine (MSI-1436)
11. Cities Say Restaurant Nutrition Information Crucial in Fighting Obesity
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/7/2016)... Orion, Clarkston, Metamora, Michigan (PRWEB) , ... February 07, 2016 , ... ... Friday in recognition of National Wear Red Day. National Wear Red Day is ... and stroke in women. Heart disease and stroke cause 1 in 3 deaths among ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... ... February 06, 2016 , ... ... ADVISORY: 5000 PERIOPERATIVE NURSES EXPECTED AT AORN SURGICAL CONFERENCE & EXPO , ... the world with an estimated 5000 perioperative nurses in attendance to study ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... ... February 06, 2016 , ... Shark Finds and Kevin ... of a new DRTV campaign with Belly Bands. , Having a dog is great—except ... to puppy pads and find nothing works, get Belly Bands, the easiest way ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... Love is in the air at King Kullen! The ... and packaging. This staple for Valentine’s Day is a must-have, and can be picked ... Day, not only are long-stem roses available, but also other flower bouquets, elegantly wrapped ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... setting the stage for new clinical and scientific initiatives have all marked the ... she was appointed President and CEO of the nation’s oldest cancer center, Candace ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/4/2016)... , Feb. 4, 2016 In response to the ... FDA,s Deputy Commissioner for Medical Products and Tobacco, along with ... reassess the agency,s approach to opioid medications. The plan will ... providing patients in pain access to effective relief. ... , Re-examine the risk-benefit paradigm for opioids and ...
(Date:2/4/2016)...  Blueprint Medicines Corporation (NASDAQ: BPMC ), ... investigational kinase medicines for patients with genomically defined ... of directors of Lonnel Coats , a ... industry-related experience. Jeffrey Albers , ... strategic experience developing and commercializing numerous oncology products ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... SIOUX FALLS, S.D. , Feb. 4, 2016 ... patient and guest technology solutions, today announced that ... SONIFI Health Senior Living Engagement System. The system ... information tool that residents access through a tablet ... --> The resident engagement system provides access ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: