Navigation Links
Obesity, Depression Blamed for Daytime Sleepiness 'Epidemic'
Date:6/13/2012

By Denise Mann
HealthDay Reporter

WEDNESDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity has been linked to a host of health problems including heart disease, diabetes and certain cancers, and now new research adds excessive daytime sleepiness to this list.

Well-publicized risks associated with excessive daytime sleepiness among adults include accidents caused by drowsy driving and workplace injuries.

The new, related studies found that the main drivers of daytime sleepiness are obesity and depression. The findings are scheduled to be presented Wednesday at the Associated Professional Sleep Societies annual meeting, in Boston.

"The 'epidemic' of sleepiness parallels an 'epidemic' of obesity and psychosocial stress," study author Dr. Alexandros Vgontzas, of Penn State Hershey Sleep Research & Treatment Center, said in a meeting news release. "Weight loss, depression and sleep disorders should be our priorities in terms of preventing the medical complications and public safety hazards associated with this excessive sleepiness."

Two studies included the same group of 1,741 adults. Of these, 1,173 did not have excessive daytime sleepiness when the study began and 222 did. Depression and obesity were the main risk factors for "new-onset" excessive sleepiness after 7.5 years of follow-up. Weight gain was the top predictor for persistent daytime sleepiness during the same time frame. The rate of new-onset excessive sleepiness was 8 percent, and the rate of persistent daytime sleepiness was 38 percent When sleepy individuals lost weight, they were less tired during the day.

The findings in the first two studies were backed by a study of 103 healthy volunteers, which took place over four nights in a sleep laboratory. It also pointed to obesity and depression as risks for sleepiness, the researchers report.

Dr. Scott Kahan, director of the National Center for Weight and Wellness in Washington, D.C., said that the link between obesity and sleep is a complex one. "This study adds further weight to the fact that it is likely bi-directional." This means that obesity could be the chicken or the egg. "Obesity and weight gain affect sleep, and poor sleep affects weight from a physiological and behavioral perspective," he said. For example, "when you are exhausted, it's hard to care about whether you eat a carrot or a Ho Ho," he said.

People who are overweight or obese are also at higher risk for sleep apnea, a condition marked by pauses in breathing during sleep. This can result in excessive daytime sleepiness. But there is more to the connection between sleepiness and obesity than sleep apnea alone, said Dr. Michael Breus, a sleep expert based in Norfolk, Va. "There are more sleepy people in the world than cases of sleep apnea," he noted.

"We have to slim down as a nation," he said. "One of the effects will be a relief of excessive daytime tiredness and a mild decrease in depression." Sleep problems and depression are also inextricably linked, he said: "When we put people with depression and insomnia on an antidepressant, the insomnia gets better as does their depression, and then you are not as sleepy during the day."

Dr. David Kuhlmann, medical director of sleep medicine at Bothwell Regional Health Center in Sedalia, Mo., agreed. "Weight loss should improve the level of daytime sleepiness and this study would support that," he said.

Because this research was presented at a medical meeting, the data and conclusions should be viewed as preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

More information

What is excessive daytime sleepiness? Find out at the National Sleep Foundation.

SOURCES: Michael J. Breus, Ph.D. sleep expert, Norfolk, Va.; David Kuhlmann, M.D., medical director, sleep medicine, Bothwell Regional Health Center, Sedalia, Mo.; Scott Kahan, M.D., director, National Center for Weight and Wellness, Washington, D.C.; June 13, 2012, presentations, Associated Professional Sleep Societies annual meeting, Boston


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Disrupted Sleep May Raise Risk for Obesity, Diabetes: Study
2. New research finds no association between white potato consumption (baked, boiled mashed) and obesity, Type 2 diabetes or systemic inflammation
3. Obesity, Diabetes May Raise Complications After Joint Replacement
4. Obesity, depression found to be root causes of daytime sleepiness
5. Depression, Anxiety Tied to Physical Disabilities in Seniors
6. Researchers Develop Blood Test for Depression
7. Speed and ecstasy associated with depression in teenagers
8. Study: No link between depression, nasal obstruction
9. Use of Ecstasy, Speed by Teens Tied to Later Depression
10. Depression Linked to Higher Odds for Poor Leg Circulation
11. Payment innovation cuts depression time in half
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Obesity, Depression Blamed for Daytime Sleepiness 'Epidemic'
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... ... After years as an active staff surgeon and having served as the director ... transitioned to chief of the Division of Plastic Surgery at what is now known ... began a second three-year term in January of 2016. , The original selection was ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , ... February 05, 2016 , ... Regular gym users ... themselves having to wait longer to access the treadmills. It’s a predictable trend. After ... to lose weight and get in shape by joining gyms, starting new walking or ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Dr. Justin Scott and Dr. ... Annual No Cost Dental Day to individuals in need. The event is scheduled to ... No Cost Dental Day is to provide dental care to community members in need. ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... Health and wellness is a topic that should concern ... they are experiencing an illness. Migraines are a severe form of a headache and ... would not wish the pain on their worst enemy, the feeling can last for ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... –This week, Atascadero water heater company First Call ... heater. To view the report, click here or see below. , ... their pros and cons, the type chosen is almost entirely up to personal preference. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/4/2016)... , Feb. 4, 2016 Frontier Pharma: ... Commercializing First-in-Class Innovation Chronic Obstructive ... with chronic inflammation of the airways and lungs. ... symptoms make the disease one of the leading ... death in the world. COPD is linked to ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... COLUMBUS, Ohio, Feb. 4, 2016 Mettler-Toledo International ... results for 2015.  Provided below are the highlights: ... the quarter compared with the prior year.  Reported sales ... in the quarter. , Net earnings per diluted ... in the prior- year period.  Adjusted EPS was $4.65, ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... 4, 2016 In response to the opioid abuse ... Commissioner for Medical Products and Tobacco, along with other FDA ... agency,s approach to opioid medications. The plan will focus on ... in pain access to effective relief. ... , Re-examine the risk-benefit paradigm for opioids and ensure that ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: