Navigation Links
Obese much more likely to die in car crashes than normal weight drivers
Date:1/21/2013

The findings prompt the researchers to consider whether car design might need to change to afford greater protection to the considerable proportion of obese people in the population - currently around a third of all US adults.

The researchers used data from the US Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) for 1996 to 2008. This is operated by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and records all fatalities arising within 30 days of a traffic collision.

During this period, details of 57,491 road traffic collisions were submitted to the system.

The researchers looked for collisions in which two passenger vehicles were involved, and for which the impact of the crash was the most harmful component of the incident, resulting in the deaths of one or both drivers.

They also looked for collisions in which both parties had been driving vehicles of similar size and type. They selected 3,403 pairs of drivers for whom data on weight, age, seat belt use and airbag deployment were available.

Almost half of these drivers (46%) were of normal weight; one in three was overweight; and almost one in five (18%) were obese.

Two thirds were male, and almost one in three was aged between 16 and 24; one in three was not using a seat belt properly - lap or shoulder only, rather than both - and in over half (53%) of cases, the airbag deployed.

The analysis showed that risk of death increased the more obese the driver was, according to the World Health Organization classification, which categorises obesity from levels I to III.

At level I, obese drivers were 21% more likely to die; at level II they were 51% more likely to do so; and at level III they were 80% more likely to do so than drivers of normal weight.

When broken down by gender, obese women were at even greater risk. At level I they were 36% more likely to die; at level II they were more than twice as likely to do so; and at level III they were almost twice as likely to die.

Interestingly underweight men were also more likely to die in a collision than their normal weight peers.

There were no significant differences among different types of vehicle, collision or use of seat belts, although almost a third of drivers who sustained a fatal injury were not properly belted.

The authors point to other research, showing that the lower body of obese drivers is propelled further forward on impact before the seatbelt engages the pelvis, because of the additional soft tissue which prevents the belt from fitting snugly, while the upper body is held back.

They also suggest that obese drivers may be more likely to have underlying health problems, which may contribute to their greater risk of death. But car design may need to change, they venture.

"The ability of passenger vehicles to protect overweight or obese occupants may have increasingly important public health implications, given the continuing obesity epidemic in the USA," they write. And they add: "It may be the case that passenger vehicles are well designed to protect normal weight vehicle occupants but are deficient in protecting overweight or obese occupants."


'/>"/>
Contact: Emma Dickinson
edickinson@bmjgroup.com
44-020-738-36529
BMJ-British Medical Journal
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Obese White Women Shying Away From Colon Cancer Screening
2. Children Born to Obese Moms May Face Higher Autism Risk: Study
3. Obese Workers Health Care Costs Top Those of Smokers
4. CT Scans Deliver More Radiation to Obese People: Study
5. Weight-Loss Surgery Beat Drugs for Cutting Diabetes in Very Obese
6. Slow-growing babies more likely in normal-weight women; Less common in obese pregnancies
7. Obese Drivers Less Likely to Buckle Up: Study
8. Can Testosterone Therapy Help Obese Men Lose Weight?
9. Sooner Is Better for Controlling Obese Kids Weight: Study
10. One-Third of U.S. Homeless Population Is Obese: Study
11. Obese adolescents have heart damage
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... 2016 , ... The law firm of Morrow, Morrow, Ryan & Bassett is ... these scholarships is to encourage applicants to pursue a degree in their field of ... parishes. , “We have available jobs in St. Landry and Evangeline Parishes that ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... CDRH Enforcement Trends: , Back to the Future , ... , As Winston Churchill said, “Those who don’t learn from history are doomed to ... expect when they come knocking this year. But that takes time. , Take a ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... As a ... hectic schedule, a demanding job, and no time to decompress, Rabinowitz found herself drawn ... herself to meditation for its impact on her life, implementing a 20-minute-per-day meditation practice ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital on April 5-7. The series is a ... create new habits. The workshops cover a broad range of topics, including coaching ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... , ... Fisher House Foundation Chairman and CEO Kenneth Fisher joined Governor Brian ... president Scott Bensing, and Peggy Kearns Director, VA Southern Nevada Healthcare System yesterday to ... will be the first Fisher House in Nevada, and will provide free lodging for ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... 2016  Sequent Medical, Inc. announced today that it ... the safety and effectiveness of the WEB™ Aneurysm Embolization ... aneurysms.  Prof Laurent Spelle , MD, Head of ... France and Principal Investigator of the CLARYS ... and Germany.  Although patients with ruptured aneurysms ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... and SEOUL, South Korea ... Biosys­tems Menarini and Macrogen, Inc. today announced they ... and innovative procedures for precision medicine in cancer. ... Silicon Biosystems, DEPArray™ digital-sorting technology with Macrogen,s high-throughput ... tests certified under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... MILTON, Ontario , Feb. 12, 2016  Aralez ... specialty pharmaceutical company, today announced the Company will ring the ... Square, New York at 4:00 ... the formation of Aralez. Adrian Adams ... will be held 3:50 to 4:00 p.m. ET.  A ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: