Navigation Links
OSHA's Safety Tests Protect Workers at Little Cost: Study

By Steven Reinberg
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, May 17 (HealthDay News) -- Government's workplace safety inspections reduce on-the-job injuries and related costs without hurting company profits, a new U.S. study finds.

To reach their conclusion, researchers looked at data on 409 California businesses randomly inspected by the state's Occupational Safety and Health Administration and 409 similar workplaces that weren't inspected.

Their finding counters the belief that government regulation of industry safety kills jobs, an idea dear to many conservatives and libertarians.

"We found that workplace inspections worked pretty much the way they are supposed to. They improved safety, and they did not cost firms enough that we could detect it," said lead researcher Michael Toffel, an associate professor at the Harvard Business School in Boston.

Comparing worker safety and corporate bottom lines in high-hazard industries, the researchers sought evidence to back charges that OSHA kills jobs, he said. They wanted to know if OSHA inspections were so disruptive or costly that they affected sales or led to layoffs, financial instability or closure.

"We found no evidence that these types of problems were happening in any systematic way following inspections, Toffel said.

The report is published in the May 18 issue of Science.

For the study, Toffel's group analyzed data from a study of workplace safety inspections conducted by California's Division of Occupational Safety and Health (Cal/OSHA).

The researchers found that in high-hazard industries, inspections reduced injury claims 9.4 percent and cut workers' compensation costs by 26 percent in the four years following inspection, compared with similar uninspected plants.

Inspected companies saved an estimated $355,000 in injury claims and compensation for lost work over that period with no impact on profits, they noted.

"Our study suggests that OSHA inspections are good for workers and for companies," Toffel said.

Because the study was limited to high-hazard businesses with 10 or more employees and just one state, the results may not apply across the board, the authors said, noting further studies are needed.

Others said the study's methodology and conclusions are flawed.

Devon Herrick, a senior fellow at the conservative National Center for Policy Analysis, a Dallas think tank, said the findings aren't applicable across the board.

"The key element in this study is that OSHA targeted only high-risk firms," Herrick said. "The authors make no claims that the results would be similar if replicated across all firms or low-risk firms. Thus, it would be a mistake to assume there is enough evidence to warrant OSHA expanding its inspection initiatives to firms not at high risk for workplace injuries."

Firms that were inspected likely learned of weaknesses and corrected deficiencies. Moreover, the inspections probably reminded firms to follow existing safety programs, he added.

Michael Cannon, director of health policy studies at the libertarian Cato Institute in Washington, D.C., added that "the question here is narrow."

Among industries with high injury rates, he said, did subsequent inspection of a random sample have effects relative to uninspected firms? Their finding was yes, he said.

"The generic question in the economics literature is whether there is any market failure," Cannon said.

"For example, should firms with bad histories have to pay higher wages as compensating differential, or does OSHA matter in terms of changing . . . workplace fatality or injury rates -- probably not," he said.

More information

For more information on worker safety, visit the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

SOURCES: Michael Toffel, Ph.D., associate professor, Harvard Business School, Boston; Devon M. Herrick, Ph.D., senior fellow, National Center for Policy Analysis, Dallas, Texas; Michael Cannon, director, health policy studies, Cato Institute, Washington, D.C.; May 18, 2012, Science

Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Only Half of Meds Taken by Kids Have Adequate Safety Info: Study
2. Better Ways Needed to Track Drug Safety: Report
3. NYUCNs Dr. Laura Wagner: Study finds accreditation improves safety culture at nursing homes
4. Job injuries among youth prompt calls for better safety standards
5. International research finds quality and safety problems in hospitals throughout 13 countries
6. Produce safety future focus of supermarkets, farmers and consumers
7. Spring Break Safety Tips to Keep Vacation Fun
8. American Heart Association comment: FDA announces safety changes on labeling for some statins
9. Perception, work-life balance key factors in workplace safety, says UGA study
10. Orthopaedic surgery report provides transparency on patient safety, quality initiatives
11. Workplace safety program can reduce injuries if aggressively enforced, study finds
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
OSHA's Safety Tests Protect Workers at Little Cost: Study
(Date:6/26/2016)... , ... June 26, 2016 , ... Brent Kasmer, a legally blind and certified personal ... personalized through a fitness app. The fitness app plans to fix the two major problems ... offer a one size fits all type program , They don’t eliminate all ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... The temporary closing of Bruton Memorial Library on June 21 ... brings up a new, often overlooked aspect of head lice: the parasite’s ability to live ... not a common occurrence, but a necessary one in the event that lice have simply ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... athletes and non-athletes recover from injury. Recently, he has implemented orthobiologic procedures as ... City area —Johnson is one of the first doctors to perform the treatment. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Those who have experienced traumatic events ... turn to unhealthy avenues, such as drug or alcohol abuse, as a coping mechanism. ... tools for healthy coping following a traumatic event. , Trauma sufferers tend to feel ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Global law firm Greenberg Traurig, P.A. announced ... attorneys chosen by their peers for this recognition are considered among the top 2 ... received special honors as members of this year’s Legal Elite Hall of Fame: ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2016)... LAS VEGAS , June 26, 2016 ... movement to value-based care operating models within the health ... that enable greater financial efficiency , Deloitte offers ... address the key business issues impacting efficient cost optimization: ... alignment , These services facilitate better outcomes and ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... CAMBRIDGE, Mass. , June 24, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... the Spaulding Rehabilitation Network,s Dean Center for ... of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, MIT Hacking Medicine, ... Center for Innovation, today announced the five finalists ... Hackathon for Lyme disease.  More than 100 scientists, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Dehaier Medical Systems Ltd. (NASDAQ: DHRM ) ... medical devices and wearable sleep respiratory products in ... with Hongyuan Supply Chain Management Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred ... to develop Dehaier,s new Internet medical technology business. ... Hongyuan Supply Chain,s sales platform to reach Dehaier,s dealers ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: