Navigation Links
OHSU Cancer Institute researchers study breathing during radiation
Date:9/24/2008

PORTLAND, Ore. Oregon Health & Science University researchers have determined exactly how much breathing affects prostate movement during radiation treatment.

The results of this research are being presented from 5 p.m. to 6:30 p.m. today at the 50th annual American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology in Boston.

"Many people think that the prostate is a static organ, meaning that it doesn't move in relation to the bony pelvis, but that is not the case. The prostate is a moving organ, and we know it moves because of many factors including how full other organs are, such as the bladder," said Tasha McDonald, M.D., Radiological Society of North America research resident grant recipient, OHSU Department of Radiation Medicine.

Although previous studies have demonstrated that the prostate moves during the breathing cycle, McDonald used the new image-guided Calypso Medical System because it offers "real time" tracking. It works by using tiny beacons, inserted into the prostate, that report the exact location and the motion patterns inside the body over time.

"Our research demonstrates that the prostate moves during the breathing cycle, mostly up and down, as much as 2 millimeters. We were able to determine this motion by evaluating the Calypso tracings of patients," McDonald said. The Calypso results were also verified by other radiation technology.

"This is important information because in low-risk prostate patients, we treat the prostate (and seminal vesicles) with a small margin, 5 to 7 millimeters to account for prostate motion and set-up error. By knowing all the factors that contribute to prostate motion, we will be able to determine appropriate margins. If the margins are too large, there can be more normal tissue toxicity and if too small we could miss the prostate," McDonald said.

Greater accuracy allows the delivery of higher-dose radiation, leaving healthy cells alone. This process simultaneously reduces side effects, specifically rectal and bladder toxicities, and erectile dysfunction, as well as offering patients a better chance for a cure.

The presentation is titled, "Quantifying Respiratory-Induced Prostate Motion Using Real Time Tracking Technology."

Radiation therapy is used to treat approximately 1 million cancer patients in the United States each year. It is one of the most effective cancer therapies. Each year, 218,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer, according to the American Cancer Society. In prostate cancer treatment the most common side effects arise when the radiation beam misses the prostate but irradiates adjacent healthy organs, causing complications like impotence, urinary incontinence and rectal bleeding. Therefore, doctors must guard against damaging healthy tissues that surround the tumor caused by misalignment and unpredictable tumor motion.


'/>"/>

Contact: Christine Decker
deckerch@ohsu.edu
503-494-8231
Oregon Health & Science University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Open cancer surgery set to become a thing of the past
2. Ovarian and Endometrial Cancer Patients Experience Improved Outcomes When Treated First by a Gynecologic Oncologist
3. Medicare HMO costs may prevent cancer patient clinical trial participation
4. Hormone Therapy Not Best for Older Prostate Cancer Patients
5. Model highlights benefits and risks of cervical cancer screening methods
6. Family History Key Player in Brain Cancer Risk
7. Nonprofit Charity for Women and Brookstone Dash to Fund Breast Cancer Support
8. Radiosurgery Proves Viable for Some Pancreatic Cancers
9. Pitt research indicates new virus is culprit, not bystander, in deadly skin cancer
10. Risk of colorectal cancer extremely low 5 years after a normal colonoscopy screening
11. Whole brain radiation increases risk of learning and memory problems in cancer patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... Society (ONS) wanted to create a communications platform that positions them as the ... Elliance and ONS reinvented their online publication as an always-on, always-fresh news, views ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Gastro ... their partnership to prep patients for colonoscopy at the HyGIeaCare® Center that is ... Ave., Miami, FL. , The HyGIeaCare® Prep, cleared by the U.S. ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... “Vintage and Harvest A Cultivation ... and college Bible teacher residing in North Carolina with his wife, Anna Marie. He ... them with six grandchildren. David is also the author of “Shadow and Substance.” , ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The physicians of KSF Orthopaedic Center PA are proud to ... location is located at 2255 E. Mossy Oaks Rd., Suite 440, Spring, Texas 77389 ... provide patients living in the north Houston area (The Woodlands, Conroe, Magnolia, Kingwood, Humble) ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... The MBI “Hall of Fame” recognizes the ... acts have had a significant impact on the careers of all others involved. ... Inc. was inducted into the MBI’s Hall of Fame. The induction took place during ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the ... Strategies" report to their offering. ... Pain Management in the ... their physical pain, emphasizing consumer survey analysis, including trends over ... adults who have selected illnesses/conditions strongly associated with physical pain ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... 24, 2017 ShangPharma, a leading ... cost-effective drug development and discovery services, technology, ... industry, announced today the intent for a ... be consolidating the Contract Research Organizations (CRO) ... ChemPartner. These entities include ChemPartner Shanghai, ChemPartner ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , Mar. 24, 2017 Research and Markets ... Pipeline Analysis, 2016" report to their offering. ... The IPF pipeline is very strong with a ... Merck & Co., Inc., Biogen and Sanofi are involved in the development ... of which one is in Phase III stage, 15 are in Phase ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: