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OCTANE study influences revision of WHO guidelines for treating some HIV-infected women
Date:10/14/2010

n of great public health importance."

An interim review of the study in 2008 found that exposing HIV-infected women to a single dose of nevirapine for PMTCT may lead these women to develop nevirapine-resistant HIV. The development of drug resistance compromises the effectiveness of HIV treatment regimens that include nevirapine. Based on this information, the study leadership advised women who were previously exposed to nevirapine and were taking nevirapine as part of the study protocol to consult with their clinicians about how to proceed with HIV treatment.

One of the additional findings in the study was that the negative effect of previous exposure to nevirapine appears to decrease with time. Researchers also found that the negative effect appears to decrease when more time elapses between taking single-dose nevirapine and starting treatment. The study also found that for those women without prior exposure to nevirapine, the drug has similar efficacy to another regimen, which included ritonavir-boosted lopinavir.

The 2010 WHO guidelines now advise that HIV-infected women who take single-dose nevirapine for PMTCT should not be treated for their own infection with a drug regimen that includes nevirapine as well as other drugs in the same class (known as non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, or NNRTIs), if treatment begins fewer than 12 months later and if the women were not given other antiretroviral drugs to prevent the development of nevirapine-resistant HIV.


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Contact: Lisa Reilly
lreilly@hivresearch.org
301-251-5070
Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

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