Navigation Links
Nurses examine caregiver grief
Date:9/15/2012

Family members who care for terminally ill patients at home can be helped by nurses throughout the course of the illness and particularly after the patient's death, according to Penn State nursing researchers.

The death of a loved one can be particularly hard for those who were involved in the day-to-day care of the person. This transition can be eased by existing support from nurses and other medical professionals.

"What we know is that the caregiver's primary contact with the health care system is during brief office visits [for the patient]," said Janice L. Penrod, professor of nursing and director of the Center for Nursing Research. "Our goal is to develop an assessment that is fast and efficient to give us a snapshot of that caregiver so that we can at least identify needs, and if not intervene during that brief office visit, give them information and a referral to help them smooth the course."

Penrod and colleagues compared their own theory of caregiving through the end of life to a theory specifically about bereavement by G. A. Bonnano, a clinical psychologist and pioneer in the field of bereavement. That theory suggests grief oscillates, and eventually the grieving caregiver will "return to a state of equilibrium."

Penrod breaks her theory into four stages -- sensing disruption, challenging normal, building a new normal and reinventing normal. The comparisons focus on the last stage, "reinventing normal," which is traditionally known as the bereavement period.

The process of restructuring their lives after their loved one has died is a cyclical one for the caregivers, the researchers theorize. They believe that support from nurses is important to help the family caregiver grieve.

By comparing these two theories, Penrod and colleagues found significant conceptual similarities, which helps validate both theories. The researchers reported their results to attendees at the Council for the Advancement of Nursing 2012 State of the Science Congress today (Sept. 15) in Washington, D.C.

"In order to intervene, we have to have a theoretical base," said Penrod. "And understand the red flags and the cues to understand when a caregiver is approaching a state of distress so that we can intervene in a timely fashion."

Penrod and her colleagues interviewed 14 caregivers after the death of the family member they were caring for about how each was coping with the loss. They found that caregivers fit well into both theories. This fit was much better than the traditional five stages of grief -- denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance. Coping with the death of a loved one isn't something moved through step by step, but instead in a way similar to riding a roller coaster -- some moments better than others, some much worse.

This comparison has verified the assertions the researchers have made, encouraging them to move forward in exploring ways for nurses to help and support family caregivers.

" We need to understand the phenomenon well, before we can intervene to change the course of someone's life," said Penrod. " This is the groundwork for understanding how caregiving proceeds over a trajectory of time so that we can better intervene to support caregivers across that trajectory."
'/>"/>

Contact: Victoria M. Indivero
vmi1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Nurses as effective as doctors in treatment of HIV patients
2. Burnt-Out Nurses Linked to More Hospital Infections
3. Nurses need to counteract negative stereotypes of the profession in top YouTube hits
4. Phone contact with nurses linked with better outcomes for women with gestational diabetes
5. HF/E researchers examine older adults willingness to accept help from robots
6. American Physiological Society’s October conference examines the integrative biology of exercise
7. CDC traumatic brain injury study to test treatments, examine outcomes
8. Alternatives to Medicares fee-for-service payment system examined
9. BUSM/VA researchers examine new PTSD diagnosis criteria
10. New study examines how ocean energy impacts life in the deep sea
11. Study examines association between Parkinson disease, cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/30/2016)... California (PRWEB) , ... May 30, 2016 , ... ... easy to use inside of FCPX," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel ... exclusively for use within Final Cut Pro X. Choose from abstract transitions to ...
(Date:5/29/2016)... ... May 29, 2016 , ... Whole Health Supply is happy to announce ... been available via Amazon.com. This new style of nail clipper has a wider jaw ... is approximately 4mm and the actual handle is 2.5mm thick to accommodate the cutting ...
(Date:5/28/2016)... ... May 28, 2016 , ... "Color Grading media can ... drop a preset onto their media," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film ... can quickly and easily add stylish color grades to their footage. A LUT is ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... More than a third of American adults are considered ... surgery has received increased attention in recent years, as an article published ... weight loss, most people are familiar with the basic requirements of maintaining a healthy ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... An influential resource amongst nurses and professionals in ... lights on the variety of topics detailing why we appreciate nurses in so many ... career has gone from being in a major recession to one of the hottest ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... , May 27, 2016 ... biopharmaceutical company focused on late-stage drug development, today ... Pharma of pivotal batches required for registration ... Administration (FDA). This follows Kitov,s announcement ... trial successfully met its primary efficacy endpoint. ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... May 26, 2016 TARE ... Both Cost Savings and Overall Decreased Use ... BTG), an international specialist healthcare company, has today ... 21st Annual Meeting of ISPOR (International Society for ... hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using yttrium-90 glass microspheres is ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... GERMANTOWN, Maryland , May 25, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... dringenden Bedarf zur Steuerung ... N.V. (NASDAQ: QGEN ; Frankfurt Prime ... Entwicklungsvereinbarung mit Therawis Diagnostics GmbH zur Entwicklung und ... sein. Ein erstes Projekt wird die Entwicklung und ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: