Navigation Links
Nurse staffing ratios affect hospital readmissions for children with common conditions
Date:5/7/2013

A new study shows that pediatric nurse staffing ratios are significantly associated with hospital readmission for children with common medical and surgical conditions.

The study, led by a nurse scientist at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, is believed to be the first to examine the extent to which hospital nurse staffing levels are related to pediatric readmissions. Publication of the study comes just weeks after the introduction of federal legislation that would mandate nurse staffing ratios across the country.

The study, published online in the journal BMJ Quality and Safety in Health Care, looked at such common medical and surgical conditions as pneumonia and appendectomy.

"Preventing unnecessary hospital readmissions is an increasingly important focus of large-scale quality improvement initiatives," says Heather Tubbs-Cooley, PhD, RN, a nurse scientist at Cincinnati Children's and the study's main author. "Reducing preventable readmissions is also a high priority for hospitals, particularly as they face the prospect of nonpayment for these services."

Dr. Tubbs-Cooley and colleagues from the University of Pennsylvania found that each one patient increase in a hospital's average staffing ratio increased the odds of a medical patient's readmission within 15-30 days by 11 percent. The odds of readmission for surgical patients increased by 48 percent.

Children treated in hospitals meeting a contemporary staffing benchmark of no more than four patients per nurse were significantly less likely to be readmitted within 15-30 days. Nursing staffing ratios had no effect on readmissions within the first 14 days after discharge.

The study team examined the outcomes of more than 90,000 children in 225 hospitals using survey and discharge data from California, Florida, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, as well as the American Hospital Association Annual Survey from these four states. All hospitals included in the study were non-federal, acute-care facilities with at least 50 pediatric discharges a year.

"Lower patient-to-nurse ratios hold promise for reducing preventable readmissions by allowing for more effective pre-discharge monitoring of patient conditions, improving discharge preparation and through enhanced quality improvement success," says Dr. Tubbs-Cooley. "Delivering high quality patient care requires nurses' time and attention, and better staffing conditions likely allow nurses to thoroughly complete the clinical care that children and their families need in order to have a successful discharge."

Despite the study results, she isn't ready just yet to endorse mandated staffing ratios. "We have abundant evidence that better nurse staffing levels in hospitals are associated with better patient outcomes, but we lack robust data to guide decision-making regarding optimal staffing levels for a given unit or patient population. Producing that evidence will require different designs and methods than those we have relied on in the past."

Dr. Tubbs-Cooley plans to test these research designs in further studies.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jim Feuer
jim.feuer@cchmc.org
513-636-4656
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Nurse.com Releases New E-Book of Inspirational Stories in Honor of National Nurses Week 2013
2. Contemporary Forums Celebrates National Nurses Week
3. Medical Solutions Celebrates Nurses Week, May 6-12, 2013
4. Western Schools Celebrates Nurses Week
5. Sacred Heart University Waives Application Fees for Online Nursing Programs to Honor National Nurses Week
6. Travel Nursing Jobs Leader, Aureus Medical, Makes Recommendations for a Travel Nurse to Grow Professionally
7. Certified Nurse Midwives from Women's Excellence in Midwifery Now on Staff at Crittenton Hospital Medical Center in Rochester Hills, Michigan
8. Registered Nurses Association gives awards to 2 St. Michaels nursing leaders
9. Meet the Certified Nurse Midwives of Women's Excellence in Midwifery: Tummy to Toddler Expo in Shelby Township, Michigan; March 24, 2013 10am-3pm
10. Nurses provide care comparable to that of doctors for resolving health problems of low complexity
11. Nurses can play key role in reducing deaths from worlds most common diseases
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/22/2017)... HEIGHTS, MICHIGAN (PRWEB) , ... February 22, 2017 ... ... and analysis of issues related to spine practices, is featuring Michigan neurosurgeon Jay ... is known as one of a small number of neurosurgeons in Michigan performing ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... A product of digesting a micronutrient found ... heart-protective benefit from eating soy foods, while others do not, a University of Pittsburgh ... to produce equol—a substance made by some types of “good” gut bacteria when they ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... Forty-five percent of ... report that family members or friends have also commented about their poor hearing. ... wear hearing aids. One reason, suggested by 89 percent of American respondents, is ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... Super-Sod will attend the Athens Home ... Athens, Georgia. , A shift from Super-Sod’s simple Athens Home Show booth of 2016, ... booth, grass seed plant manager Chris Roquemore constructed furniture from recycled pallet wood at ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... Troy, NY (PRWEB) , ... February 22, 2017 , ... ... effort — especially for hospitals and health systems. Smith & Jones’ delves into this ... In this episode, President of Smith & Jones David Vener meets up with social ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/22/2017)... , Feb. 22, 2017 Henry ... an exclusive distribution agreement with Rijuven, which develops ... diagnostic device to medical practitioners. ... electrocardiogram (ECG) and heart sound signals, transmits real-time ... and offers cloud-based analysis to help physicians provide ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... -- Bioness, Inc., the leading provider of cutting edge, clinically ... successful StimRouter Neuromodulation System implantations in Europe ... Netherlands ), South Victoria ... Kliniek Park Leopold Chirec ( Brussels, Belgium ... further support clinicians across the continent who are looking ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... , Feb. 22, 2017 Oncternal Therapeutics, ... for both rare and common malignancies, today announced ... financing. The company intends to use the proceeds ... TK216, and to advance preclinical development of a ... Cirmtuzumab is a first-in-class anti-ROR1 monoclonal antibody being ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: