Navigation Links
Number of Russian women smokers has doubled since Soviet collapse
Date:1/28/2008

The number of Russian women who smoke has more than doubled since the collapse of the Soviet Union, according to new research.

In 1992, seven per cent of women smoked, compared to almost 15 per cent by 2003. In the same period, the number of men who smoke has risen from 57 per cent to 63 per cent.

The researchers behind the study, published in the journal Tobacco Control, blame the privatisation of the previously state owned tobacco industry and the behaviour of the transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) for what they describe as a very worrying increase.

Between 1992 and 2000, TTCs such as Philip Morris, British American Tobacco and Japan Tobacco International invested approximately US$1.7 billion to gain a 60 per cent share of the privatised Russian tobacco market.

Tobacco advertising had simply not existed in the Soviet era. Yet as soon as the TTCs were there, it was rampant, say researchers. By the mid 1990s it was estimated that half of all billboards in Moscow and three quarters of plastic bags in Russia carried tobacco advertising.

There can be no doubt that the marketing tactics of Philip Morris, British American Tobacco and the like directly underpin this massive increase in smoking that spells disaster for health in Russia, said Dr Anna Gilmore from the University of Bath, who carried out the study with academics from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and University College London, and has been researching tobacco control in the region for over seven years.

Following privatisation of the tobacco industry, TTCs invested heavily in developing the market, promoting smoking as part of the new western lifestyle.

They aggressively targeted women, young people and those living in cities with their marketing and distribution strategies. This is now directly reflected in the smoking patterns we are seeing. Until this point women in Russia had simply not smoked.

The situation was made worse by aggressive industry lobbying to weaken tobacco control legislation.

The fact that the TTCs have managed to drive up male smoking rates from already high levels is incredibly alarming because at this stage of the epidemic we would expect male smoking rates to be declining.

There is already a major demographic crisis in Russia and smoking, which already accounts for nearly half of male deaths, is making this far worse.

The smoking epidemic in women is at a much earlier stage, but with this rapid increase, is set to catch up fast.

The Russian government needs to wake up to the fact that cigarettes kill one in every two smokers, and unless it takes action urgently, millions more Russians will die from tobacco.

The study used data on more than 7,000 individuals collected in 10 rounds between 1992 and 2003 as part of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey.

The findings highlighted that the largest increase in smoking rates has been amongst the least educated, markedly so amongst women.

In a signal that the Russian government may finally be taking action on the tobacco epidemic on the 10th January 2008 it adopted a draft law on joining the World Health Organizations Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). The draft law now goes to the State Duma.


'/>"/>

Contact: Andrew McLaughlin
a.mclaughlin@bath.ac.uk
44-012-253-86883
University of Bath
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Battle Continues Over Vietnam PTSD Numbers
2. Record Number of Americans Lack Health Insurance
3. Growing Number of U.S. Kids Not Getting Needed Vaccinations
4. AUDIO from Medialink and Pfizer: Number of Uninsured Americans Grows to 47 Million
5. Number of Partners Doesnt Explain Gay HIV Rate
6. StemCyte, Inc. Ranked Number Six in Deloittes Technology Fast 50 Program for Los Angeles
7. Abortion Numbers Fall Worldwide
8. BioDiscovery Releases NEXUS CGH Version 2 for DNA Copy Number Analysis and Visualization
9. Health Market Science Ranked Number Ten in Deloittes Technology Fast 50 Program for Greater Philadelphia
10. Huge numbers willing to go under knife to alter their appearance, study finds
11. HearAtLast Continues Rapid Expansion, Opening Two New Retail Locations in Richmond Hill and Markham Wal-Mart Stores Number 3195 and 3053
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... ... With certifications and experience that puts them at the top of the ... are currently accepting new patients at their practice for these custom clear aligners. These ... is why they offer the latest in modern dental techniques to ensure that all ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... Uniform Advantage (UA), a multi-channel retailer ... designed to create tailored looks and athleisure-inspired outfits. UA Flex fabric is breathable, wrinkle ... twill. , With trendy looks hitting the medical community, UA Flex is for the ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... ... bedside, would like to officially welcome Anthony Stanowski, DHA, FACHE to the MEDI+SIGN ... whose insight and expertise in healthcare will provide invaluable direction for the company,” ...
(Date:6/19/2017)... New York, NY (PRWEB) , ... June 19, 2017 , ... ... and this year, it’s going to be a humdinger. A warm winter and wet ... devour summer wedding guests. “No one wants to be swatting away pesky mosquitoes when ...
(Date:6/19/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 19, 2017 , ... ... nonprofit community, announces the general availability of several new and improved features to ... integration with United Way iGuide data in support of national campaigns. The ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/30/2017)... -- Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: HRC), will present at the ... Tuesday, June 13, 2017, in Rancho Palos Verdes, ... chief executive officer, is scheduled to present at 3:20 p.m. ... accessed at http://ir.hill-rom.com/events.cfm . A recorded replay will be ... September 13, 2017. ...
(Date:5/29/2017)... May 29, 2017  Cellect Biotechnology Ltd. (NASDAQ: ... which enables the functional selection of stem cells, today ... the first quarter ended March 31 st , 2017. ... accomplishments in the first quarter of 2017," said Dr. ... we announced the treatment of the first blood cancer ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... BARBARA, Calif. , May 25, 2017  In ... United States , Direct Relief is working with ... overdose-reversing Naloxone available at no cost to community health ... other nonprofit providers nationwide. "Pfizer has ... access to medicines and ensuring patient safety through educational ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: