Navigation Links
Novel hydrogel systems for dentin regeneration
Date:7/4/2008

Toronto, ON, Canada Dental caries, or tooth decay, continues to be the most prevalent infectious disease in the world, presenting significant public health challenges and socio-economic consequences. It leads to the loss of the hard tissues of the tooth, followed by inflammation and necrosis of the subjacent dental pulp. In the U.S. alone, over 20 million dental restorations are placed each year, with failure rates of up to 60%. Hence, there exists a critical need for better biologic therapeutics to restore the damaged dentin-pulp complex to its original form and function. However, progress in this area has been slow compared with that in other fields of regenerative medicine.

Tissue-engineering strategies directed at mimicking the natural extracellular matrix have utilized synthetic and non-synthetic scaffolds to direct cell differentiation and matrix mineralization (in the case of bone). The most promising among the new generation of delivery systems are synthetic peptide hydrogels, which provide a nanostructured matrix highly similar to natural matrix. Short peptides can be designed to self-assemble into nanofibers, form macroscopic gels, and entrap living cells. With single amino acids as building blocks, the resulting materials are non-toxic, non-inflammatory, and biodegradable. The modular concept allows for high control over the system and, at the same time, makes it extremely versatile.

Speaking today during the 86th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research, a team of investigators from Baylor College of Dentistry (Dallas), the University of Regensburg (Germany), and Rice University (Houston) presents its preliminary data describing the results of studies on hydrogels made of peptide amphiphiles, where a short peptide sequence is attached to a fatty acid, which provides the driving force for self-assembly. However, they recently applied a different design concept, where the self-assembly of peptide chains is achieved without attaching a hydrophobic tail. Based on their design, the chains can include bioactive peptide sequences for cell adhesion, binding of growth factors, or other biological molecules with therapeutic potential. Hence, multidomain peptide hydrogels represent a novel and highly versatile material offering a higher degree of control over nanofiber architecture and better chemical functionality.

The overarching goal of this research is to utilize these multidomain peptides as a biomimetic scaffold, along with dental stem cell therapy, to provide a natural 3D environment that can control and direct the differentiation and function of dental stem cells for the targeted regeneration of the dentin-pulp complex.

This work is highly translational and innovative, since it capitalizes on a new and previously untested material with novel properties for the regeneration of the dentin-pulp complex. Importantly, the results will provide the foundation for developing multidomain peptide scaffolds as novel therapeutics for the regeneration of the dentin-pulp complex.


'/>"/>

Contact: Linda Hemphill
lhemphill@iadr.org
International & American Association for Dental Research
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. HighPoint Solutions Develops Novel Incentive Compensation Plan for New Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Product
2. Novel model of osteosarcoma
3. Novel DNA microarray chip predicts functional impairment and remission in rheumatoid arthritis
4. Who Knew You Could Learn to Lose Weight by Reading an Enjoyable Novel?
5. OHSU Cancer Institute researchers find novel chemo drug helps treat prostate cancer
6. Combination of 2 novel anti-cancer agents may help fight CML resistant to current therapy
7. USC researchers identify genetic markers that predict efficacy of novel cancer drug
8. Farmington Hills Plastic Surgeon Uses Novel Procedure: Patients Own Fat From Liposuction for Buttock Enhancement
9. Novel toxin receptor discovered for ulcer-causing stomach pathogen
10. Novel enzyme inhibitor paves way for new cancer drug
11. Abbott to Present Data on Novel Cancer Treatments at American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 26, 2016 , ... Pixel Film Studios Released ProSlice ... "Film editors can give their videos a whole new perspective by using the ... of Pixel Film Studios. , ProSlice Levels contains over 30 Different presets to ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... Charlotte, NC (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 , ... Brent Kasmer, a legally blind ... able to be personalized through a fitness app. The fitness app plans to fix the ... solutions currently only offer a one size fits all type program , They ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... health policy issues and applications at AcademyHealth’s Annual Research Meeting June 26-28, 2016, ... work on several important health care topics including advance care planning, healthcare costs ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... of Bruton Memorial Library on June 21 due to a possible lice infestation, as reported ... head lice: the parasite’s ability to live away from a human host, and to infest ... in the event that lice have simply gotten out of control. , As lice are ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... First Choice Emergency Room , the largest ... as the Medical Director of its new Mesquite-Samuell Farm facility. , “We are ... Mesquite location,” said Dr. James M. Muzzarelli, Executive Medical Director of First Choice Emergency ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 ... CAPR ), a biotechnology company focused on the ... announced that patient enrollment in its ongoing randomized ... has exceeded 50% of its 24-patient target. Capricor ... the third quarter of 2016, and to report ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... RIDGE, Ill. and INDIANAPOLIS ... of students receiving a Lilly Diabetes Tomorrow,s Leaders Scholarship ... The 2016 scholarship winners, announced today online at ... to let type 1 diabetes stand in the way ... Diabetes has supported the Foundation,s scholarship program since 2012, ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Pa. , June 23, 2016 The ... in an outpatient dialysis facility.  Treatments are usually 3 ... 6 hours per visit, including travel time, equipment preparation ... a patient, but especially grueling for patients who are ... of a skilled nursing and rehabilitation centers for some ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: