Navigation Links
Not All Kids With Head Injuries Need Brain Scans
Date:9/15/2009

Screening could cut down on radiation exposure, researchers say

MONDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Guidelines to identify children with a very low risk of serious brain injury after they've suffered a head injury are highly effective and can reduce the use of scans that expose children to radiation, a new study has found.

U.S. researchers analyzed data on more than 42,000 children who experienced a head injury, including computed tomography (CT) scan results on 35 percent of the children. Clinically important traumatic brain injuries occurred in 376 (1 percent) of the children and, of those, 60 underwent neurosurgery.

Characteristics used to predict which children younger than age 2 didn't have a clinically important traumatic brain injury were: normal mental status, no scalp swelling except frontal, no loss of consciousness or unconscious for under five seconds, non-severe injury mechanism, no noticeable skull fracture, and parents reporting normal behavior in the child.

Using these guidelines, the researchers accurately predicted 100 percent of 1,176 patients who didn't have clinically important traumatic brain injury. Among children under age 2 in this low-risk group, 24 percent received a CT scan, the researchers noted.

In children aged 2 to 18 years, clinical characteristics used for screening included: normal mental status, no loss of consciousness, no vomiting, non-severe injury mechanism, no signs of basilar skull fracture, and no severe headache. These guidelines correctly predicted all but two of 3,800 patients (99.95 percent) who didn't have clinically important traumatic brain injury. Twenty percent of patients in this low-risk group received a CT scan, the study authors added.

The study appears online Sept. 14 and in an upcoming print issue of The Lancet.

Using these clinically important traumatic brain injury prediction rules could have avoided the use of CT scans and resulting radiation exposure in 25 percent of children younger than 2 years old and in 20 percent of children older than 2 years, study author Dr. Nathan Kuppermann, of the University of California, Davis Medical Center in Sacramento, and colleagues, said in a news release.

More information

The Nemours Foundation has more about children and head injuries.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: The Lancet, news release, Sept. 14, 2009


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Hormone promises to keep joint injuries from causing long-term osteoarthritis
2. High School Sports Put Players at Risk for Severe Injuries
3. Deaths from unintentional injuries increase for many groups
4. Daylight-saving time leads to less sleep, more injuries on the job
5. September is Vision Safety Month at the Vision Center CHLA: Sports Eye Injuries a Leading Cause of Blindness in Children
6. Learning how to cope with burn injuries
7. Hearst National Investigation Finds Americans Are Continuing to Die in Staggering Numbers From Preventable Medical Injuries
8. Knowing What to Look for Can Aid in Proper Diagnosis & Treatment of Mild Traumatic Brain Injuries
9. Gym Class Injuries Up 150 Percent
10. New national study finds increase in P.E. class-related injuries
11. Pet Bite Injuries: K-State Veterinarian Shares Tips to Minimize Risk of Bites and Bite-Related Infections
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Not All Kids With Head Injuries Need Brain Scans
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Austin residents seeking Mohs ... College of Mohs Surgery and to Dr. Russell Peckham for medical and surgical dermatology. ... treatment for skin cancer. The selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic Surgery completed by Dr. ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... City, Oklahoma (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 ... ... helping both athletes and non-athletes recover from injury. Recently, he has implemented orthobiologic ... the Oklahoma City area —Johnson is one of the first doctors to perform ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle Cell Observance Day. In an effort to ... treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of Marne, Michigan, has issued a pain management ... (SCD) is a disorder of the red blood cells, which can cause episodes of ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Comfort Keepers® of San Diego, CA is ... Road To Recovery® program to drive cancer patients to and from their cancer treatments. ... the highest quality of life and ongoing independence. Getting to and from medical ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Vegas, Nevada (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 ... ... Las Vegas client, The Grove Investment Group (TGIG), has initiated cultivation and processing ... Grove, in Las Vegas and Pahrump, Nevada. , Puradigm is the manufacturer of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... HILLS, Calif. , June 23, 2016 Any ... the many challenges of the current process. Many of them ... because of the technical difficulties and high laboratory costs involved. ... have to offer it at such a high cost that ... afford it. Dr. Parsa Zadeh , founder ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 ... CAPR ), a biotechnology company focused on the ... announced that patient enrollment in its ongoing randomized ... has exceeded 50% of its 24-patient target. Capricor ... the third quarter of 2016, and to report ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... -- Astellas today announced the establishment of Astellas Farma Colombia (AFC), a new affiliate with operations headquartered in ... . ... ... ... Astellas is ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: