Navigation Links
Norovirus is the leading cause of infection outbreaks in US hospitals
Date:1/31/2012

Washington, DC -- Norovirus, a pathogen that often causes food poisoning and gastroenteritis, was responsible for 18.2 percent of all infection outbreaks and 65 percent of ward closures in U.S. hospitals during a two-year period, according to a new study published in the February issue of the American Journal of Infection Control (AJIC), the official publication of APIC - the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

A team of researchers from Chartis, Main Line Health System, Lexington Insurance Company, and APIC Consulting Services collected survey responses from 822 APIC members who work in U.S. hospitals regarding outbreak investigations at their institutions during 2008 and 2009. The study was conducted to determine how often outbreak investigations are initiated in U.S. hospitals, as well as the triggers for investigations, types of organisms, and control measures including unit closures.

Thirty-five percent of the 822 hospitals responding had investigated at least one outbreak in the previous two years. Four organisms caused nearly 60 percent of the outbreaks: norovirus (18.2 percent), Staphylococcus aureus (17.5 percent), Acinetobacter spp (13.7 percent), and Clostridium difficile (10.3 percent). These results reflect 386 outbreak investigations reported by 289 hospitals over a 24-month period.

Medical/surgical units were the most common location of outbreak investigations (25.7 percent), followed by surgical units (13.9 percent). Nearly one-third (29.2 percent) of outbreaks were reported in a category that included emergency departments, rehabilitation units, long-term acute care hospitals, psychiatric/behavioral health units, and skilled nursing facilities. According to the results, the average number of confirmed cases per outbreak was 10.1 and the average duration was 58.4 days. Unit closures were reported in 22.6 percent of the cases, causing an average 16.7 bed closures for 8.3 days.

Of reported outbreaks, only 132 (52.2 percent) of investigations were reported to an external agency, with just 71 (28.4 percent) involving assistance in the investigation by an external resource. In most states, reporting to the state health department is required and can provide hospitals with expertise to expedite and expand their outbreak investigations.

"It is clear that outbreaks of healthcare-associated infections occur with some frequency in hospitals as well as nonacute settings," state the authors. "An infection prevention and control program and its staff should be prepared for all aspects of an outbreak investigation through written policies and procedures as well as communication with internal and external partners."


'/>"/>
Contact: Liz Garman
egarman@apic.org
202-454-2604
Elsevier Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New vaccine candidate shows strong potential to prevent highly contagious norovirus
2. Cruise ship norovirus outbreak highlights how infections spread
3. NC State gets $25 million grant to nullify norovirus
4. NBA players not immune to serious illness from norovirus
5. NEJM publishes study showing LigoCytes norovirus vaccine demonstrates protection against illness
6. Worlds Leading Manufacturer of IV Solutions Chooses Three RIVA Systems
7. The Future of Cosmetic Dermatology: Leading Dermatologist Dr. David Goldberg Discusses the Latest Facial Rejuvenation Techniques
8. Leading Chicago Insurance Company, JMW & Sons, Introduces Online Tool for Customized Health Plan Quotes
9. Leading U.S. Infertility Practice Opens Boston IVF The Maine Center in Portland, Helping Build Families in Maine
10. Why Leading Network Marketers Garrett and Sylvia McGrath Joined EvolvHealth LLC
11. Enterprise PDM Integration has Never Been Easier; Zero Wait-State Announces Leading SolidWorks Reseller GoEngineer as Master Distributor for DesignState
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2016)... AZ (PRWEB) , ... May ... ... Actûrus , is happy to announce the launch of its brand ... the funnel model to reflect the dynamic landscape of modern consumer decision-making. ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... Development Team ... Plugin for FCPX. , "This new layered style transition tool will keep a ... Austion - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , TranSweep is an all new ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... 2016 , ... In Madeira Beach Florida, a small town with 4,300 residents ... an organization, Madeira Beach United, to oppose two development projects undertaken by their city ... a high rise urban environment. , According to the Tampa Bay Times ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... Portland, OR (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... social customs. In an industry filled with chemical-laden beauty products, one company is going ... importantly, good for you: Mad Hippie. The rising star in the green space is ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Women’s athletic apparel company GRACEDBYGRIT ... pop-up shop for three consecutive weekends. The pop-up shop is a great way ... a community full of women who appreciate the most premium goods and vibrant ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... -- Cirujanos holandeses han puesto en marcha ... a compartir sus mejores prácticas por el mundo y ... de Europa, África, Asia y ... que combina la transmisión en vivo con mensajería instantánea ... Educación   "Imagine un médico de Medicines sans ...
(Date:5/24/2016)...   , Study met both ... in , Excellent plus Good ... of the ascending colon   ,      ... announced new positive data from the phase III MORA study for ... litre PEG with ascorbate. The study met both primary endpoints showing ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ARANZ Medical  Ltd a specialist ... has been named the Coretex Hi-Tech Emerging Company of the ... Dr Bruce Davey , CEO of ARANZ Medical says, ... good to be recognised for the work we are doing ... in 35 countries around the world from Sub-Saharan Africa through ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: