Navigation Links
Non-Medical Use of Prescriptions Linked to Drug Abuse Risk

Study of college students finds 20% took substances without approval

MONDAY, March 3 (HealthDay News) -- Among college students, non-medical use of frequently abused prescription drugs increases the risk of drug abuse, says a University of Michigan study.

Researcher Sean Esteban McCabe asked 3,639 college students, average age 19.9 years, about their prescribed or non-prescribed use of four classes of prescription drugs -- opioids, stimulants, sleeping aids and sedative or anxiety medications.

The students were also asked about any drug-related problems (such as performing illegal activities to obtain drugs, having withdrawal symptoms, or developing medical problems) that might indicate drug abuse.

The study found that 59.9 percent of the students reported having used at least one of the four kinds of drugs with a prescription for medical reasons, and about 20 percent reported non-prescribed, non-medical use of a drug.

Overall, 1,412 (39.7 percent) said they'd used such drugs only by prescription, 156 (4.4 percent) were never prescribed any of the drugs but had used them anyway, and 563 (15.8 percent) had used some of the drugs both with and without a prescription.

Students who said they'd used medications without a prescription -- whether or not they'd used them for medical reasons -- were more likely to screen positive for drug abuse than those who only used the medications for medical reasons or had never used them, the study found.

There was no difference in the rate of positive screening between students who said they only used the drugs by prescription and those who said they'd never taken the medications.

The study was published in the March issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

The findings have important implications for prescribing frequently abused medications to college students, McCabe said in a prepared statement.

"Clearly, appropriate diagnosis, treatment and therapeutic monitoring of college students who are receiving abusable prescription medications is crucial, not only to improve clinical outcomes but also to help prevent the abuse of these medications within a population that is largely responsible for its own medication management," he concluded.

"Finally, any efforts at reducing non-medical use of prescription drugs will have to take into consideration that these drugs are highly effective and safe medications for most patients who use them as prescribed."

More information

The U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse has more about prescription drug abuse and addiction.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: JAMA/Archives journals, news release, March 3, 2008

Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Pharmacists Customize Prescriptions By Patient, Day and Dose with onePAC(TM) Packaging
2. Researchers propose consumers buy yearly drug licenses as new way to pay for prescriptions
3. $7 Brand Name Prescriptions for Low Income and Un-Insured Avoid Prescription Discount Cards!
4. AAPM statement on DEA ruling allowing multiple prescriptions for controlled substances
5. Tendon complications, though rare, linked to statins
6. Breast cancer subtypes linked to survival from secondary brain tumors
7. Drugs used for cancer-associated anemia linked with increased risk of blood clots, death
8. Premature births linked to physical abuse
9. Kidney donor age linked to aortic siffening
10. Gene newly linked to inherited ALS may also play role in common dementia
11. Timely Cancer Diagnosis Linked to Insurance Status
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Non-Medical Use of Prescriptions Linked to Drug Abuse Risk
(Date:11/28/2015)... ... , ... Pixel Film Studios is back again with ProPanel: Pulse . ... endless. Users have full control over angle of view, speed method, start point, end ... to get heads to turn. , ProPanel: Pulse offers fully customizable pulsating shape masks, ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... , ... The rapid speed at which Americans are aging ... is needed, especially with Alzheimer’s, dementia and other cognitive conditions becoming more prevalent. ... part of this equation: 80 percent of medical care occurs in the home, ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... The print ... USA Today in Atlanta, Dallas, New York, Minneapolis, South Florida, with a circulation ... is distributed nationally, through a vast social media strategy and across a network ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... A simply groundbreaking television series, "Voices ... show that delves into an array of issues that are presently affecting Americans. Dedicated ... open dialogue, this show is changing the subjects consumers focus on, one episode at ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... Dr. Thomas Dunlap ... Inc. and Dr. Tucker Bierbaum with Emergency Medicine at St., Joseph Health ... both STEMI and Sepsis conditions present in similar ways and require time-critical intervention to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 --> ... to use SyMRI to find optimal contrast weighting of MRI ... metastases, and has signed a research agreement with SyntheticMR in ... hospital. Using SyMRI, it is possible to generate multiple contrast ... after the patient has left, thus making it possible to ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... DUBLIN , November 26, 2015 ... has announced the addition of the  ... in the Global Cell Surface Testing ... Opportunities" report to their offering.  ... the addition of the  "2016 Future ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... --> adds "Global ... and "Investigation Report on China Repaglinide ... 2021 forecasts data and information to ... . --> ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: