Navigation Links
No more lying about your age: Scientists can now gauge skin’s true age with new laser technique
Date:12/13/2012

Wrinkles, dryness, and a translucent and fragile appearance are hallmarks of old skin, caused by the natural aging of skin cells. But while most of us can recognize the signs of lost youth when we peer into the mirror each morning, scientists do not have a standardized way to measure the extent of age damage in skin. Now a group of Taiwanese researchers has used a specialized microscope to peer harmlessly beneath the skin surface to measure natural age-related changes in the sizes of skin cells. The results, which are published in the Optical Society's (OSA) open-access journal Biomedical Optics Express, can be used to study the general phenomenon of skin aging and may help provide an index for measuring the effectiveness of 'anti-aging' skin products.

In the study, Chi-Kuang Sun, a distinguished professor at National Taiwan University and chief director of the university's Molecular Imaging Center, along with medical researcher and dermatologist Yi-Hua Liao and colleagues, evaluated 52 subjects ranging in age from 19 to 79 years old. The researchers focused a brief burst of infrared laser light into the skin of the subjects' inner forearms, an area that is generally protected from sun damage, which accelerates natural aging. The beam penetrated to a depth of about 300 millionths of a meter, or approximately where the epidermis (the upper layer of skin) and the dermis (the lower layer) meet.

The researchers used a technique known as harmonic generation microscopy (HGM), which has previously been used to study developing embryos. In the procedure, a concentrated beam of photons is sent into a material. The photons naturally oscillate at a particular frequency, and as they interact with the material, they generate "harmonics" vibrations that are multiples of the original frequency, which are characteristic of the material structure and properties. For example, the second harmonic is twice the original frequency and the third harmonic is three times the original frequency. In an imaging system, harmonics can reveal different structures at very high resolution. In their study, the team scanned for reflected second and third harmonic photons, and from those measurements, produced a high-resolution 3-D map of the tissue that revealed structures within the skin cells.

Natural aging, the scanning showed, caused a significant increase in the overall size of cells known as basal keratinocytes the most common cells in the outermost layer of skin as well as in the sizes of their nuclei. However, other types of skin cells, known as granular cells, did not show a similar pattern. Thus, says Sun, the relative changes in the two types of cells can serve as an index for scoring natural or "intrinsic" skin aging the aging of skin caused by programmed developmental or genetic factors.

"No one has ever seen through a person's skin to determine his or her age from their skin," says Sun. "Our finding serves as a potential index for skin age."

A skin age index would provide a standardized, quantitative scale that could be used rate the true "age" of skin, from young (less age-related damage) to old (more age-related damage). The scale could give doctors another tool to monitor the overall health of skinby investigating whether the skin of certain individuals or populations ages faster or slower than average, tracking the aging of an individual's skin over time, or testing how effective anti-aging treatments are at slowing the rate of skin aging.

Intrinsic, or chronological, aging is different from extrinsic aging, which is caused primarily by sun exposure. "There are a lot of extrinsic factors that can accelerate the aging process, such as smoking, ultraviolet light, and stress," says Sun. The researchers found that the extent of extrinsic skin aging in their study subjects varied depending on occupation, personal habits, and skin type, but because the researchers looked at skin on the sun-protected inner forearm, their findings provide a measure of the primarily genetically-based intrinsic skin aging.

"This could provide an index for someone who cares about the health of their skin and might also provide a test-bed for measuring the effectiveness of 'anti-aging' skin products," Sun says. "Of course," he and Liao joke, "you could set an HGM scanner at the entrance to a bar, so you can know whether a person is over 21 years old and permitted for entry."


'/>"/>

Contact: Angela Stark
astark@osa.org
202-416-1443
Optical Society of America
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. With Bullying, Whats a Parent to Do?
2. Bullying has long-term health consequences
3. Adults See Some Teen Bullying as Less Serious: Survey
4. Researchers reveal underlying mechanism of powerful chemotherapy for prostate cancer treatment
5. Age, not underlying diagnosis, key factor in weight gain in children after tonsillectomy
6. Study details bullying involvement for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder
7. In-Person Bullying Still Bigger Problem Than Cyberbullying: Expert
8. Researchers unfold the mechanisms underlying blood disorders
9. Male Ontario students show declines in fighting; females show elevated bullying and mental distress
10. Workplace bullying witnesses consider quitting more than the victims: UBC study
11. Simplus Technologies Announces First Update on its Fear of Flying App for Turbulence Called Turbcast
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
No more lying about your age: Scientists can now gauge skin’s true age with new laser technique
(Date:12/7/2016)... Norwalk, CT (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 ... ... the Integrated Infertility and Wellness (IFW) Program at Reproductive Medicine Associates of Connecticut ... which now has a team of three acupuncturists to help patients realize their ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... ... With God: Inspirational Lessons from My Life's Journey”: a sometimes serious, sometimes humorous ... in their lives. “Walking With God: Inspirational Lessons from My Life's Journey” is the ... , Sanford says, “I enjoy sharing the true stories in my book as examples ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... annual Business Architecture Innovation Summit in Reston, VA on March 21-22, 2017. This ... share a range of experiences from a cross-section of industries such as financial ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... "Hacking into my medical ... described him as 'a genius.'" Thus begins "Margaret in Berlin," Book Twelve in the ... by Wyston Books, Inc. These novels narrate the lives of a poor ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... ... December 06, 2016 , ... Men with gum disease ... of serious health problems, such as cardiovascular illness, according to research cited in ... Hills Periodontics & Dental Implant Center notes that the correlation between periodontal disease ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/7/2016)... , Dec. 7, 2016   Arena Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ... it has completed enrollment in the ralinepag phase 2 ... targeting the prostacyclin pathway for the treatment of pulmonary ... at sites globally. "This marks an important ... of our strategic focus on our pipeline," said ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO) has launched Diplomat Specialty Infusion Group, ... Professional, BioRx, MedPro Rx, and XAS Infusion Suites. To ... ... Diplomat Specialty Pharmacy (PRNewsFoto/Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc.) ... we continue to build on the work we have done, we ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... 2016   Rx Savings Solutions has partnered with ... its Public Employees Insurance Agency (PEIA) to offer more than ... healthcare software, ultimately saving money on their prescriptions. ... members with access to our software that will alert them ... therapy can be found," says Michael Rea , founder ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: