Navigation Links
No increased risk of infection for long-term sex partners of people with HPV-related oral cancers

Spouses and long-term partners of patients with mouth and throat cancers related to infection with the human papilloma virus (HPV) appear to have no increased prevalence of oral HPV infections, according to results of a multicenter, pilot study led by Johns Hopkins investigators. The study's results suggest that long-term couples need not change their sexual practices, say the scientists.

"While we can't guarantee that the partners of patients will not develop oral HPV infections or cancers, we can reassure them that our study found they had no increased prevalence of oral infections, which suggests their risk of HPV-related oral cancer remains low," says Gypsyamber D'Souza, Ph.D., M.P.H., associate professor of epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. She is expected to present the results of her study June 1 at the 2013 American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting.

HPV-related oral cancers are rising in prevalence among white men in the United States, and fear of transmitting the virus can lead to anxiety, divorce, and curtailing of sex and intimacy among couples, says D'Souza. Persistent oral HPV infections are a risk for developing oropharyngeal cancers, located at the base of the tongue, tonsils, pharynx and soft palate.

At the Johns Hopkins Hospital and three other hospitals, researchers conducted surveys and took oral rinse samples from 166 male and female patients with HPV-related oropharyngeal cancers and 94 spouses and partners. The scientists also studied patients' tumor samples and performed visual oral examinations of spouses/partners. Of the 94 spouses/partners, six were male.

More than half of patients had at least one type of HPV DNA detectable in their oral rinses, including HPV16, the viral type most commonly associated with oral and other cancers. After a year, only seven patients (six percent) still had oral HPV16 DNA detectable.

Of the 94 spouses/partners, six had oral HPV infections (6.5 percent). Among the six, none of the men and two of four females (2.3 percent) had HPV16 infections at very low levels. These infections were not detectable one year later. No oral cancers were detected among 60 spouses/partners who underwent a visual oral exam.

One spouse and one patient reported a history of cervical cancer. Two spouses reported a history of cervical pre-cancer, and three patients said they had previous spouses with cervical cancers, but these were self-reported, unconfirmed cases.

"The oral HPV prevalence among partners who participated in this study are comparable to rates observed among the general population," says D'Souza. "We suspect that long-term spouses and partners have been exposed to HPV, like most of us, and appear to have cleared the virus."

D'Souza and her colleagues recommend that long-term couples need not change their sexual practices. "Certainly, with new sexual partners, caution is always advised."

More research is needed to determine the timeline of progression for HPV-related oral cancers and how HPV is transmitted and suppressed by the immune system, adds D'Souza.


Contact: Vanessa Wasta
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Related medicine news :

1. TCE exposure linked to increased risk of some cancers
2. Online Marketing DNA Experiences Increased Traffic with Launch of New Website
3. Report – Increased Cost of Albumin was Main Factor for Double-Digit Growth of Global Critical Care Market Between 2006 and 2012
4. Voice and Data Communications Security Increased by BroadConnect Telecom
5. Seniors Lose 31 Percent of Their Buying Power Since 2000; 2013 Annual Survey of Senior Costs Finds Expenses Have Increased More Than Twice as Fast as Social Security COLA
6. Future hospitalization and increased health service use may be linked to insomnia
7. Take Advantage of New Increased Federal Wellness Incentives for Accountability-Based Solutions Going into Effect 2014
8. Preemies Increased Survival Comes With No Rise in Disabilities: Study
9. The Growing Housing Market in Orange County Has Increased and Stayed Strong, Despite National Trends
10. Researchers observe an increased risk of cancer in people with history of non-melanoma skin cancer
11. Demanding physical work associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... A novel class of antimicrobials ... effective in fighting methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), one of the major drug-resistant bacterial ... small molecule analogs that target the functions of SecA, a central part of ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... Using a combination of two blood sugar tests rather ... according to a new study by researchers at the School of Public Health at ... Using Combinations of Blood Glucose Tests ,” published in Frontiers in Public Health, the ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... PA (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... to a new study by UPMC and KingMed Diagnostics ... over three years found that consultation with UPMC pathologists resulted in significantly altered ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... The Foundation for Breast and Prostate ... joining forces with the award-winning creator and writer of Downton Abbey Julian Fellowes ... at the Union League of Philadelphia. , The benefit, titled β€œAn Evening ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... for the last 15 years, announced today that Michigan-based Family Health Center (FHC) ... care for over 45 years, FHC was awarded the largest Affordable Care Act ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... Diagnostics, the U.S.-based manufacturer of point-of-care biometric testing devices ... systems, and PTS Detect™ cotinine systems, has announced the ... the company into the mHealth market. ... The technology is a system that interfaces with mobile ... and uses test strip technology already developed by PTS ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... and ST. LOUIS , Nov. ... (NASDAQ: ESRX ) today announced an early renewal ... which began in 1999, will now extend through at ... --> After evaluating pharmacy benefit manager capabilities during ... Express Scripts continues to offer the best health plan ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... 30, 2015   Nuance Communications, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... Support Company (NDSC) today jointly announced a new ... that utilize the American College of Radiology,s (ACR) Imaging ... to comply with current and emerging value-based payment ... --> By combining clinical decision support, radiology reporting ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: