Navigation Links
Nightmares may signal a child is being bullied
Date:5/3/2014

VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA Many children who are bullied suffer in silence. The trauma can lead to anxiety, depression, psychotic episodes and even suicide.

There may be a way to identify victims of bullying before they experience serious mental health problems, according to a study to be presented Saturday, May 3, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Researchers from the University of Warwick in the United Kingdom found that nightmares or night terrors were more common in 12-year-olds who had reported being bullied when they were 8 and 10 years old.

"Nightmares are relatively common in childhood, while night terrors occur in up to 10 percent of children," said lead author Suzet Tanya Lereya, PhD, research fellow at University of Warwick. "If either occurs frequently or over a prolonged time period, they may indicate that a child/adolescent has or is being bullied by peers. These arousals in sleep may indicate significant distress for the child."

Dr. Lereya and Dieter Wolke, PhD, analyzed data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, which examined the determinants of development, health and disease during childhood and beyond. Children were enrolled at birth, and 6,438 were interviewed at ages 8 and 10 years about bullying and at age 12 about parasomnias, including nightmares, night terrors and sleep walking.

Survey results showed that at age 12 years, 1,555 (24.2 percent) of children had nightmares, 598 (9.3 percent) had night terrors, 814 (12.6 percent) reported sleep walking and 2,315 (36 percent) had at least one type of parasomnia (nightmares, night terrors and sleep walking).

After adjusting for confounders (e.g., any psychiatric diagnosis, family adversity, IQ, internalizing and externalizing problems, sexual or physical abuse, domestic violence, and nightmares before 8 years), children who were victimized at 8 or 10 years were significantly more likely to have nightmares, night terrors or sleep walking at age 12. Moreover, those who were both a victim and a bully were much more likely to have any parasomnia, but bullies were not at increased risk of a sleep disturbance.

"Our findings indicate that being bullied is a significant stress/trauma that leads to increased risk of sleep arousal problems, such as nightmares or night terrors," said Dr. Wolke, professor of developmental psychology and individual differences at University of Warwick. "It is an easily identifiable indicator that something scary is being processed during the night. Parents should be aware that this may be related to experiences of being bullied by peers, and it provides them with an opportunity to talk with their child about it.

"General practitioners also should consider peer bullying as a potential precursor of nightmares or night terrors in children," Dr. Wolke added.


'/>"/>

Contact: Debbie Jacobson
djacobson@aap.org
847-434-7084
American Academy of Pediatrics
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. University of Montreal study analyzes content of nightmares and bad dreams
2. CPAP therapy reduces nightmares in veterans with PTSD and sleep apnea
3. DNA modifications measured in blood signal related changes in the brain
4. Molecular aberration signals cancer
5. Tinnitus study signals advance in understanding link between loud sounds exposure and hearing loss
6. Long distance signals protect brain from viral infections
7. Prostate cancer signal reawakens sleeper agent cells in bones
8. App may signal cellphone dependency
9. BioPharm Systems to Host Webinar on Evaluating and Investigating Drug Safety Signals with Public Databases
10. Protein in prostate biopsies signals increased cancer risk
11. Blocking signal-transmitting cellular pores may prevent damage to kidneys
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... solutions for contaminated soil, dredged material, and hazardous and non-hazardous materials announced today ... Allentown, Pennsylvania. This acquisition will add four additional processing facilities and a ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The Radiology Business Management Association (RBMA) has named ... in their 12th year, are among the most prestigious in radiology marketing because a ... were retooled to recognize achievements in both large budget (over $5,000) and small budget ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Shamanic healer ... for Shamanic Healing and Spiritual Awakening, proudly presents her Sacred Peru retreat ... This sacred and spiritual journey during the Summer Solstice will also be her ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... NY (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 , ... The ... and White Plains, N.Y., is pleased to announce Westchester resident Lauren C. Enea has ... law clerk for the firm, will concentrate her practice in elder law, Medicaid planning ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... “Finding Christ ... #TruthwithGrace”: a devotional journal chronicling the writer’s path toward true communion with God. ... with God #TruthwithGrace” is the creation of published author Lea Michelle Johnson, a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... DUBLIN , Mar. 24, 2017 Research and ... (IPF) Pipeline Analysis, 2016" report to their offering. ... The IPF pipeline is very strong with ... Corporation, Merck & Co., Inc., Biogen and Sanofi are involved in the ... candidates, of which one is in Phase III stage, 15 are in ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... 2017 Global Ampoules Market report ... classifications, applications and industry chain structure. The Ampoules market ... history, competitive landscape analysis, and major regions, development status. ... ... pages providing 10 company profiles and 183 tables and ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... -- GenomeDx Biosciences today announced that six abstracts featuring Decipher ... Classifier tests will be presented at the 32 nd ... March 24 to 28, 2017 in London, ... Europe,s largest urological event showcasing the ... The abstract titled "Muscle invasive bladder cancer: ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: