Navigation Links
Nicotine replacement therapies may not be effective in helping people quit smoking
Date:1/9/2012

Boston, MA Nicotine replacement therapies (NRTs) designed to help people stop smoking, specifically nicotine patches and nicotine gum, do not appear to be effective in helping smokers quit long-term, even when combined with smoking cessation counseling, according to a new study by researchers at Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and the University of Massachusetts Boston.

The study appears January 9, 2012 in an advance online edition of Tobacco Control and will appear in a later print issue.

"What this study shows is the need for the Food and Drug Administration, which oversees regulation of both medications to help smokers quit and tobacco products, to approve only medications that have been proven to be effective in helping smokers quit in the long-term and to lower nicotine in order to reduce the addictiveness of cigarettes," said co-author Gregory Connolly, director of the Center for Global Tobacco Control at HSPH.

In the prospective cohort study the researchers, including lead author Hillel Alpert, research scientist at HSPH, and co-author Lois Biener of the University of Massachusetts Boston's Center for Survey Research, followed 787 adult smokers in Massachusetts who had recently quit smoking. The participants were surveyed over three time periods: 2001-2002, 2003-2004, and 2005-2006. Participants were asked whether they had used a nicotine replacement therapy in the form of the nicotine patch (placed on the skin), nicotine gum, nicotine inhaler, or nasal spray to help them quit, and if so, what was the longest period of time they had used the product continuously. They also were asked if they had joined a quit-smoking program or received help from a doctor, counselor, or other professional.

The results showed that, for each time period, almost one-third of recent quitters reported to have relapsed. The researchers found no difference in relapse rate among those who used NRT for more than six weeks, with or without professional counseling. No difference in quitting success with use of NRT was found for either heavy or light smokers.

"This study shows that using NRT is no more effective in helping people stop smoking cigarettes in the long-term than trying to quit on one's own," Alpert said. He added that even though clinical trials (studies) have found NRT to be effective, the new findings demonstrate the importance of empirical studies regarding effectiveness when used in the general population.

Biener said that using public funds to provide NRT to the population at large is of questionable value, particularly when it reduces the amount of money available for smoking interventions shown in previous studies to be effective, such as media campaigns, promotion of no smoking policies, and tobacco price increases.

Smoking cessation medications have been available over the counter since 1996, yet U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention statistics show that the previous adult smoking rate decline and quitting rates have stalled in the past five years.


'/>"/>
Contact: Marge Dwyer
mhdwyer@hsph.harvard.edu
617-432-8416
Harvard School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Nicotine Patches, Gums Wont Help Smokers Quit Long-Term: Study
2. Could Nicotine Patches Help Stave Off Memory Loss?
3. NIH study examines nicotine as a gateway drug
4. Plant researchers locate transporter used for nicotine metabolism
5. Polymers hunt for nicotine
6. Eliminating protein in specific brain cells blocks nicotine reward
7. Preteens surrounded by smokers get hooked on nicotine
8. Reining in nicotine use
9. Secondhand Smoke May Trigger Nicotine Craving
10. Moderate levels of secondhand smoke deliver nicotine to the brain
11. Babies who sleep with smoker parents exhibit high nicotine levels
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The Pennsylvania Athletic Trainers’ Society’s (PATS) Annual ... Convention Center on June 8-10. The weekend consisted of many educational presentations, ... scholarship presentations, and professional networking. , On Friday June 9th, PATS hosted ...
(Date:6/24/2017)... ... June 24, 2017 , ... The weather is heating up and ... and business owners should be aware that the summer months provide more than warmer ... locks and keys can be negatively affected from direct exposure to the sun. When ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... The Rhode Island Quality Institute ... Alerts and Dashboards, an innovative new service enabling healthcare providers to proactively coordinate ... Alerts and Dashboards provide near real-time data about patients admitted to and/or discharged ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... , ... By scoring 100% for fiscal management and accountability, the Arthritis National ... evaluator, Charity Navigator, validating ANRF's work as a top charity in America. , This ... and earns ANRF a spot on their “ 10 Charities Worth Watching ” list ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 24, 2017 , ... Studies show evidence that carotenoids and ... of visual loss in these patients. , But how often do ophthalmologists and optometrists ... to patients at risk of or with early symptoms of AMD? A study ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/8/2017)... 2017  Less than a month ago, amateur hackers ... companies, including hospital networks, in over 150 countries. ... the largest online extortion attempts ever recorded. With the ... is imperative that providers understand where the risks lie, ... — and many other very real cyber threats.  ...
(Date:6/7/2017)... -- Novavax, Inc., (Nasdaq: NVAX ) today announced that ... its RSV F protein recombinant nanoparticle vaccine candidate (RSV F ... in the journal Vaccine (the data ... conferences). The Company previously announced top line results ... RSV F Vaccine with the goal of protecting infants from ...
(Date:6/3/2017)... 2017  Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: ... the Phase 3 MONARCH 2 study showed that ... in combination with fulvestrant, significantly improved progression-free survival ... women with hormone-receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor ... relapsed or progressed after endocrine therapy (median PFS, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: