Navigation Links
Nicotine Receptors Could Be Lung Cancer Treatment Target

Compound inhibited receptors and led to cancer cell death in mouse study

MONDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- In a study of mice with lung cancer, a treatment that targeted nicotine receptors more than doubled the animals' survival time, Italian researchers say.

Nicotine plays a dual role in lung cancer. Changes in genes encoding nicotine receptors not only drive the urge the smoke, but also increase susceptibility to lung cancer. Exposure to nicotine boosts the expression of nicotine receptors, which leads to increased cell proliferation and inhibits the programmed cell death known as apoptosis.

In the new study, published in the June 15 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, the compound α-CbT dampened the expression of nicotine receptors and increased apoptosis, prolonging the lives of the mice.

"This research clearly has profound clinical implications regarding the role of nicotine in stimulating lung cancer and nicotine receptor antagonists in treating the disease," said Dr. John Heffner, past president of the American Thoracic Society, in a news release from the society. Heffner, who was not involved in the research, added, "The highly addictive nature of nicotine, however, complicates patients' ability to quit smoking and avoid ongoing nicotine exposure."

Previous research has shown that it's possible to dampen the response of nicotine acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) using an antagonist called d-tubocurarine/α-Cobratoxin (α-CbT), which specifically targeted the area most linked to increased cell growth.

In the study, researchers grafted human non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) onto the lungs of mice and then delayed treatment, allowing the tumors to become well-established.

The mice were then divided into three groups: the untreated group; the standard chemotherapy drug group; and the α-CbT group.

Mice that were categorized as non-obese/severe combined immunodeficient (NOD/SCID) and treated with cisplatin (the standard chemotherapy agent) were found to have a 16 percent longer median survival time than untreated mice. NOD/SCID mice treated with α-CbT had an increased median survival time of 1.7-fold over the cisplatin-treated mice and 2.1-fold over untreated mice.

"The results of this study show that α-CbT, a powerful, high-affinity α-7-nAChR inhibitor, induces antitumor activity against NSCLC by triggering apoptosis," wrote Patrizia Russo of the Lung Cancer Unit of the National Cancer Research Institute in Genoa, Italy, in the news release.

Noncancerous cells did not appear to be affected by α-CbT, suggesting limited toxicity, the researchers found, but they noted that cancer cells with the most receptor binding sites seemed have the greatest treatment sensitivity.

"The goal of this research line is to explore the widest range of possibilities of intervention on the α7-nAChRs," Russo said. "We hope to move further on towards the clinical setting experimentation phase for the assessment of potentially new treatment strategies for NSCLC."

More information

The U.S. National Cancer Institute has more on non-small-cell lung cancer.

-- Jennifer Thomas

SOURCE: American Thoracic Society, news release, June 15, 2009

Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. AUDIO from Medialink and Commit Lozenge: Wanna Quit Smoking With Therapeutic Nicotine? Just Follow the Directions
2. Nicotine in breast milk disrupts infants sleep patterns
3. Nicotine in Breast Milk Shortens Babys Naptime
4. Initial reaction to nicotine can dictate addiction
5. Rat Study Gets at Root of Nicotine Addiction
6. Nicotine, Chili Peppers Offer Post-Surgery Pain Relief
7. Parkinsons Institute research shows that nicotine reduces levodopa-induced dyskinesias
8. Genes, brain chemistry may dictate nicotine cravings, says CU-Boulder study
9. Nicotine Plus Alcohol May Be Tough to Beat
10. Nicotine addiction slashed in test of new cigarette smoking strategy
11. Nicotine-Reduced Cigarettes Could Boost Quitting
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Nicotine Receptors Could Be Lung Cancer Treatment Target
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... American Family Care (AFC), the nation’s ... a holiday pop-up clinic located in Metro Atlanta’s North Point Mall. The clinic is ... different way. The location is scheduled to operate through Dec. 24. , Holiday Pop-Up ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... CT (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 , ... Aided ... (WCHN) today announced an innovative study designed to yield insights into how to detect ... development of biomarkers for pancreatic cancer from small, non-coding RNA molecules (ncRNA), genetic material ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... ... Cleveland University-Kansas City (CU-KC), in Overland Park, Kansas. Benson, a fifth-trimester ... University President Carl S. Cleveland III on October 16. , “Katie is very ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... ... Healthy Aging Program have announced their endorsement of the Medical Fitness Network ... Fitness is proud to have the MFN as one of our endorsed organizations,” ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Warsaw, IN (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 , ... ... in his office to help the community stress less this holiday season. During ... unnecessary additional stress in people's lives and the team at AlignLife want to help ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... NEW DELHI , November 25, 2015 ... fear invoked due to repeated failure of IVF cycles. ... Rani Bhatia was totally dejected and had lost all hopes that ... the first Indian miracle child conceived after failure of ... to abroad (UK) before they decided to take one last ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... BOULDER, Colo. , Nov. 24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... announced that its Chief Executive Officer, Ron ... Annual Healthcare Conference in New York.  The public ... a webcast on the Array BioPharma website.Event:Piper Jaffray ... OfficerDate:  , Wednesday, December 2, 2015Time:1:30 p.m. Eastern ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... November 2015 Avery Biomedical Devices ... ist erfreut, die Berufung von Anders Jonzon, ... zu können.   ... Foto -   ... 1984-1986 war er Fellow des Cardiovascular Institute ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: