Navigation Links
News briefs from the January issue of Chest
Date:1/3/2011

DATA SHOWS OMALIZUMAB SAFE AND EFFECTIVE FOR MODERATE TO SEVERE ASTHMA

New research suggests that subcutaneous omalizumab is safe and effective an add-on treatment to corticosteroids for moderate to severe asthma in children and adults. Researchers from Uruguay, Argentina, and Chile performed a meta-analysis on eight trials where 1,883 patients received omalizumab and 1,546 received a placebo. At the end of the steroid reduction phase, patients taking omalizumab were more likely to have corticosteroids withdrawn completely compared with those taking placebo. Furthermore, patients taking omalizumab showed a decreased risk for asthma exacerbations at the end of stable and adjustable-steroid phase. The frequency of serious adverse events effects was similar between both groups, and there were no indications of increased risk of hypersensitivity reactions, cardiovascular effects, and malignant neoplasms. This article is published in the January issue of Chest, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians: Chest 2011; 139(1):28-35.

SIMULATION TRAINING LINKED TO DECREASED CATHETER INFECTION

New research shows that simulation-based training in sterile techniques during central vein catheterization (CVC) is associated with decreased rate of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI). Over 1 year, researchers from St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center in New York randomly assigned 47 second and third-year internal medicine residents to simulation-based training plus video training or video training alone, with a follow-up period to examine CRBSI 6 months later. During the follow-up period, a simulation-based training program in sterile techniques during CVC was implemented in the medical intensive care unit (MICU). Residents' scores in sterile techniques and CRBSI rates were compared with residents in the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) who did not receive simulation training. Baseline scores from both groups were 12.5 to 13 out of a maximum score of 24. After training, the median score for the simulation group was 22, compared with 18 for the video training-only group. During follow up, there was a 70 percent reduction in the incidence of CRBSI in the postintervention MICU compared with the preintervention MICU and the postintervention SICU. Researchers conclude that simulation-based training is superior to traditional training and video training, and it should be routinely used to reduce iatrogenic risk. This article is published in the January issue of Chest, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians: Chest 2011; 139(1):80-87.

SARCOIDOSIS INCIDENCE PREVALENT AMONG BLACK WOMEN

A new study using the largest sample to date reports that black women in the US have the highest incidence of sarcoidosis, a chronic lung disease characterized by dyspnea, fatigue, and cough. Researchers from Boston University analyzed the incidence, prevalence, and clinical characteristics of sarcoidosis among 59,000 black women across the United States who were part of the Black Women's Health Study. At baseline, in 1995, there were 685 cases of sarcoidosis. However, over the follow-up through 2007, an additional 435 cases were reported, resulting in a prevalence of 2.0 percent among black women. The highest incidence of the disease was among women in their 40s, while the median age at diagnosis was 32 years. Researchers cite a need for the assessment of sarcoidosis risk factors among this population. The article is published in the January issue of Chest, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians: Chest 2011; 139(1):144-150.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jennifer Stawarz
jstawarz@chestnet.org
847-498-8306
American College of Chest Physicians
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. News briefs from the March issue of Chest
2. News briefs from the April issue of Chest
3. News briefs from the May issue of Chest
4. News briefs from the July issue of Chest
5. News briefs from the August issue of Chest
6. Chest news briefs: CPAP may cause facial changes
7. Majority of Americans Approve of President Obamas Handling of Afghanistan and National Security But Disapprove of Handling of Economic Issues, Per Franklin & Marshall College Poll With Hearst Television
8. American Red Cross Issues One-Month Progress Report for Haiti Earthquake
9. New study suggests stem cells sabotage their own DNA to produce new tissues
10. Scientists Discover Molecular Pathway for Organ Tissue Regeneration and Repair
11. One in Two Children Has Chronic Health Issues
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... "With 30 hand-drawn hand gesture animations, FCPX users can easily customize each ... Film Studios. , ProHand Cartoon’s package transforms over 1,300 hand-drawn pictures into hand ... select a ProHand generator and drag it above media or text in the Final ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... City, Oklahoma (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 ... ... helping both athletes and non-athletes recover from injury. Recently, he has implemented orthobiologic ... the Oklahoma City area —Johnson is one of the first doctors to perform ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... A recent ... most people are unfamiliar with. The article goes on to state that individuals are ... many of these less common operations such as calf and cheek reduction. The Los ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Marcy was in a crisis. Her son James, eight, was out of ... verbally and physically. , “When something upset him, he couldn’t control his emotions,” remembers Marcy. ... throw rocks at my other children and say he was going to kill them. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Dr. Amanda Cheng, an orthodontist ... has extensive experience with all areas of orthodontics, including robotic Suresmile technology, ... , Micro-osteoperforation is a revolutionary adjunct to orthodontic treatment. It can be used ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2016)... 2016 Jazz Pharmaceuticals plc (Nasdaq: ... Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended ("HSR"), ... Inc. ("Celator"; Nasdaq: CPXX ) expired effective ... As previously announced on May 31, 2016, ... agreement under which Jazz Pharmaceuticals has commenced a tender ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016  Consumers have taken ... regulators/payers have placed more emphasis on patient outcomes. ... support programs in the pharmaceutical industry have evolved ... Consequently, pharmaceutical companies are focusing on becoming more ... providing products and services that improve health. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 24, 2016   Bay Area Lyme Foundation ... Dean Center for Tick Borne Illness , Harvard ... MIT Hacking Medicine, University of California, Berkeley, and ... the five finalists of Lyme Innovation , ... than 100 scientists, clinicians, researchers, entrepreneurs, and investors ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: