Navigation Links
News briefs: May issue of the journal Chest


Previous research has linked the use of long-acting β2-agonists (LABA) to increased risk for adverse events or respiratory-related death in patients with stable, moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, a recent article shows this may not be the case. In a new metaanalysis, researchers from Spain, Argentina, and Uruguay reviewed the results of 27 randomized controlled clinical trials that met the following criteria: (1) study patients were over the age of 35 with stable COPD; (2) intervention included inhaled LABAs vs placebo, inhaled ipratropium bromide, or inhaled tiotropium; (3) studies were of at least 4 weeks duration; and (4) primary outcomes included severe exacerbations, all-cause mortality, and respiratory-related death. The review found that compared with placebo, LABAs reduced severe exacerbations by 21%, and patients given LABAs did not differ in all-cause or respiratory-related mortality. The review also found that LABA treatment was associated with significantly more severe COPD exacerbations compared with tiotropium. This study is published in the May issue of the journal CHEST.


New research shows that, over the last decade, mortality rates for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or acute lung injury (ALI) have steadily declined. In a metaanalysis, Belgian researchers reviewed 72 studies published between 1994 and 2006 that reported mortality rates for patients with ARDS or ALI. Mortality rates ranged from 15 to 72%, with the overall pooled mortality rate being 43%. Further analysis showed a significant decrease in overall mortality rates of approximately 1.1% per year over the decade analyzed. The decrease in mortality was more pronounced for hospital mortality than for mortality in the ICU. Researchers speculate that the decline in mortality may be the result of improvements in the treatment of patients with ARDS/ALI. This study is published in the May issue of the journal CHEST.


Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP), a rare lung condition, may be associated with recent changes in smoking patterns. In a new study, Japanese researchers reviewed the smoking history and current smoking habits of 33 patients with AEP. All but one patient (97%) were current smokers. Alterations in smoking habits, such as initiating the smoking habit or increasing the number of cigarettes smoked, were seen in 87.9% of patients. Furthermore, a cigarette smoke provocation test was performed in nine patients, and all tested positive. Data suggest that cigarette smoking, particularly changes in smoking habits, is a possible AEP etiologic factor. This study is published in the May issue of the journal CHEST.


Contact: Jennifer Stawarz
American College of Chest Physicians

Related medicine news :

1. UPDATE: Retirement Living TV Partners With Maryland Public Television to Address the Issue of Healthcare in America Through Its Series Healthcare 08: Search for Solutions
2. Lupus Organizations Issue International Call-to-Action to Combat Disease Affecting Five Million People
3. Haemonetics Reports Strong Results for Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year End 2008 and Issues Guidance for Continued Strong Growth in Fiscal 2009
4. American Lung Association Issues State of the Air Report: First City Outside California (Pittsburgh) Tops One of the Most-Polluted Lists
5. Retirement Living TV Partners with Maryland Public Television to Address the Issue of Healthcare in America Through Its Series Healthcare 08: Search for Solutions
6. Patient Safety Authority Issues Annual Report for 2007
7. Three Million Californians Say Yes! to Organ and Tissue Donation
8. Congressional Organ and Tissue Donation Awareness Caucus Hosted Congressional Staff Meeting on April 29 to Spread the Truth About Organ Donation
9. Crystal Research Associates, LLC Issues Executive Informational Overview(R) (EIO(R)) on BioCurex, Inc.
10. Crystal Research Associates, LLC Issues Executive Informational Overview(R) (EIO(R)) on Advaxis, Inc.
11. Prominent Advocate on HIV/AIDS Issues Joins Altarum Institute
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Dental professionals who would like to ... are invited to attend Dr. Mark Iacobelli’s Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM) CE course. Courses ... , As the co-founders of Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM), Dr. Iacobelli and Dr. ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 25, 2015 , ... Wimbledon Health Partners, the industry leader ... Athletics Facebook page to educate the public, parents and school athletic departments ... people under the age of 25 die from sudden cardiac arrest every year. ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Chicago, IL (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... the assets of Tri Lite’s personal heating products business. Cozy Products explains ... low-wattage personal heaters that fit in well with the Cozy Products business model: to ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... certified facial plastic surgeon specializing in both surgical and non-surgical treatments, announced the ... Spa at Hobgood Facial Plastic Surgery. , Highly trained and nationally recognized ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Brillianteen, McGaw YMCA’s student-produced ... in its 65th Anniversary Brillianteen Revue, scheduled for March 4-6, 2016. Auditions for ... years, Brillianteen has been a treasured tradition for numerous families in the Evanston ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... , Nov. 25, 2015 ... addition of the "Global Brain Monitoring ... offering. --> ) has ... Brain Monitoring Devices Market 2015-2019" report ... and Markets ( ) has announced ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Nov. 25, 2015  Linden Care, LLC, a retail ... outcomes for patients suffering from chronic pain, said today ... Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) enjoining Express Scripts from unilaterally ... --> --> The ... its legal options. --> ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... MELVILLE, N.Y. , Nov. 25, 2015  Henry ... products and services to office-based dental, medical and animal ... Dental (GNYDM) Meeting the Henry Schein ConnectDental® Pavilion ... industry,s broadest array of open solutions designed to help ... Click here for a schedule of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: