Navigation Links
New study on carbon nanotubes gives hope for medical applications
Date:4/5/2010

A team of Swedish and American scientists has shown for the first time that carbon nanotubes can be broken down by an enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO) found in white blood cells. Their discoveries are presented in Nature Nanotechnology and contradict what was previously believed, that carbon nanotubes are not broken down in the body or in nature. The scientists hope that this new understanding of how MPO converts carbon nanotubes into water and carbon dioxide can be of significance to medicine.

"Previous studies have shown that carbon nanotubes could be used for introducing drugs or other substances into human cells," says Bengt Fadeel, associate professor at the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet. "The problem has been not knowing how to control the breakdown of the nanotubes, which can caused unwanted toxicity and tissue damage. Our study now shows how they can be broken down biologically into harmless components."

Carbon nanotubes are a material consisting of a single layer of carbon atoms rolled into a tube with a diameter of only a couple of nanometres (1 nanometer = 1 billionth of a metre) and a length that can range from tens of nanometres up to several micrometers. Carbon nanotubes are lighter and stronger than steel, and have exceptional heat-conductive and electrical properties. They are manufactured on an industrial scale, mainly for engineering purposes but also for some consumer products.

Carbon nanotubes were once considered biopersistent in that they did not break down in body tissue or in nature. In recent years, research has shown that laboratory animals exposed to carbon nanotubes via inhalation or through injection into the abdominal cavity develop severe inflammation. This and the tissue changes (fibrosis) that exposure causes lead to impaired lung function and perhaps even to cancer. For example, a year or two ago, alarming reports by other scientists suggested that carbon nanotubes are very similar to asbestos fibres, which are themselves biopersistent and which can cause lung cancer (mesothelioma) in humans a considerable time after exposure.

This current study thus represents a breakthrough in nanotechnology and nanotoxicology, since it clearly shows that endogenous MPO can break down carbon nanotubes. This enzyme is expressed in certain types of white blood cell (neutrophils), which use it to neutralise harmful bacteria. Now, however, the researchers have found that the enzyme also works on carbon nanotubes, breaking them down into water and carbon dioxide. The researchers also showed that carbon nanotubes that have been broken down by MPO no longer give rise to inflammation in mice.

"This means that there might be a way to render carbon nanotubes harmless, for example in the event of an accident at a production plant," says Dr Fadeel. "But the findings are also relevant to the future use of carbon nanotubes for medical purposes."


'/>"/>

Contact: Katarina Sternudd
katarina.sternudd@ki.se
46-852-483-895
Karolinska Institutet
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Casual Sex Doesnt Cause Emotional Damage: Study
2. Study Finds Possible Explanation for the Link Between Infertility and Breast/Ovarian Cancer Risks
3. Screening for Spinal Muscular Atrophy Not Cost-Effective: Study
4. New study finds possible source of beta cell destruction that leads to Type 1 diabetes
5. New Study Demonstrates Novel Use of Metabolic Imaging to Locate Sperm in Infertile Men -- Non-Invasive Imaging Procedure May Replace Invasive Techniques such as Testicula
6. Risk of stroke lower for recent Ontario immigrants: study
7. Definitive study confirms chemo benefit in postmenopausal breast cancer
8. Experimental stem cell treatment arrests acute lung injury in mice, study shows
9. Violence is part of the job say nurses as study shows only 1 in 6 incidents are reported
10. Controversial Autism Study Retracted by Medical Journal
11. Study Reveals Impact Of Health Insurance On Hispanics' Attitudes Towards Healthcare Providers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/29/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... Dr. ... cosmetic dental treatments to improve smiles. Cosmetic dentistry is a fast-growing field as more ... This offer allows patients to learn more about the options currently available to them ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... Grants Pass, OR (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... nutritionists suggest dinner as the meal to miss. That was among the many new ... True Nutrition, on a recent Sharon Kleyne Hour® Power of Water® radio show. Bonny ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... ... Regenerative Medicine Solutions (RMS) scored 94.8124 out of 100 on Tampa ... for Tampa’s Best Places to Work. They were ranked in the Big Category, which ... our team,” says RMS Human Resources Manager Irene Miller. “We work hard to build ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... , ... Nike Softball Camp at the College of Brockport in New York ... aged 10-18. All facets of the game will be covered; hitting, fielding, base-running, and ... of the finest softball facilities in the region. The outstanding professional college staff complement ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... HEALTHCAREfirst ... and coding services, and Deyta Analytics, recently announced the recipients of the fourth ... of quality as measured from the caregiver’s point of view. The official list ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... PARIS , April 27, 2016 ... Year-Over-Year Including 42% Growth in Recurring Consumable Sales  ... Mauna Kea Technologies (Euronext: MKEA, OTCQX: MKEAY) ... today announced its sales for the first quarter ended ... business and the execution of its commercial strategy. ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... 2016 Transparency Market Research has ... - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and ... global skincare devices market was valued at US$ 7,255.8 ... a CAGR of 10.1% from 2015 to 2023 to ... the full Skincare Devices Market (Treatment Device - LED Therapy ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... NEW DELHI , April 27, 2016 ... CSR initiative to save newborns ... ,s hospital for women & newborns in collaboration with Breast ... has launched the first Pasteurized Human Milk Bank, ,Amaara, in ... the best nutritional food source for infants and should be ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: