Navigation Links
New study explores link between status and health
Date:3/11/2013

March 11, 2013 -- Research has long linked high socioeconomic status with better health and lower mortality. But what's remained unclear is whether this association has more to do with access to resources (education, wealth, career opportunity, etc.) or the glow of high social status relative to others. Scholars call the latter "relative deprivation."

To tease apart these factors, a team of investigators at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health led by Dr. Bruce Link, studied Baseball Hall of Fame inductees, Emmy Award winners, and former Presidents and Vice Presidents, comparing each to nominated losers in the same competition or election. The result: There were no consistent advantages for winners. The association between winning and longevity is sometimes positive, sometimes negative, and sometimes nonexistent, though the specifics are revealing. Overall, the results suggest that access to resources and opportunity is more important than relative status.

Findings are published online in the American Sociological Review.

Dr. Link and his associates found the following effects of winning vs. losing in the three groups:

  • Emmy-winning actors enjoyed 2.7 more years of life than nominees who did not snag the trophy. Though Emmy-winning screenwriters were, mysteriously, at a 3-year disadvantage.
  • Baseball Hall-of-Famers enjoyed no advantage in longevity over non-inducted nominees
  • Presidents and Vice Presidents lose, on average, 5.3 years from their lives compared to the candidates they bested. While some of this is due to the impact of assassination, the disadvantage persists even when assassination is taken out of the equation.

"The relative deprivation theory would predict that losers would consistently be at a disadvantage for health and longevity compared to winners, but this is not what we see," says Dr. Link, a professor of Sociomedical Sciences at the Mailman School.

A more likely explanation, he notes, is that the advantages and disadvantages of winning depend on the mix of opportunities and stresses that they bring. Winning an Emmy often leads to significant career opportunities that might not have been otherwise available. (The paper quotes actor John Larroquette saying "There's no doubt that having an Emmy preceeds you through the door.") On the other hand, Baseball Hall of Fame induction occurs after playing careers are over and therefore has little bearing on career opportunities and earnings.

As for presidential and vice presidential candidates, life circumstances do change for members of this elite club, but winning also brings significant risks: assassination threats and extreme stress from two of the world's most demanding jobs. The 15 men who led our country during the 20th century but died by the year 2008 lived an average of 1.9 years less than the average American male of the same age.

"Our findings provide an important correction to an overemphasis on relative deprivation as an explanation of health inequalities," said Dr. Link. "Relative deprivation likely plays some role in health inequalities, but it is not as important as the life circumstances and opportunities that result from one's socioeconomic position."


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Neck injuries linked to high costs for patients and spouses, reports study in Spine
2. Study: Mega Vitamins Wont Help After Heart Attack, Chelation Treatment Might
3. Niacin Wont Help, May Harm Heart Patients: Study
4. Study: Diabetic medication may protect patients from developing heart failure
5. Results released for first multicenter study of hybrid revascularization
6. Doctors Health Press Reports on German Study: Only 20% of Patients Get Colonoscopies, Important in Preventing and Diagnosing Colon Cancer
7. Bel Marra Health Reports on a New Study: Parents are Much More Likely to Experience Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety
8. Study: HPV Genital Warts is Most Common Sexually Transmitted Infection in U.S. Military, polyDNA Recommends Gene-Eden-VIR Against the HPV Infection
9. Mayo Clinic study finds electric car does not interfere with implanted cardiac devices
10. Center For Sight Selected to Participate in Corneal Transplant Study
11. Study shows confidence builds better exercise habits for cancer survivors
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... ... in Suffolk”: a story of love, secrets, and mystery. “Christmas in Suffolk” is ... works in a daycare and looks for inspiration in the local coffee shop as ... Seymour’s new book is an adventure of love and secrets. , After ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 20, 2017 , ... “Knowledge is ... be guided by faith. “Knowledge is God’s Lighthouse” is the creation of published author, ... cookbooks, novels, and poetry collections. , “I have been writing since high school ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... “God's Miracle Man: Against All Odds”: ... creation of published author, Keith C. A. Tucker, son of Minister Delores Pinnock and ... pastured by Reverend Mark Hardy , “While sitting up in bed, I felt a ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... Aerolib Learning Management System: an On-demand E-learning system for Clinical and Regulatory ... Administration that is based on Aerolib`s successful education methodology of Disease Specific ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Florida (PRWEB) , ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... dollar 5,000 SF expansion and facility enhancement of their 503A compounding pharmacy located ... meet the growing demand of physicians and patients throughout the United States for ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... January 19, 2017 According to a study ... is set to witness a CAGR of 6.5% during the forecast ... will continue to be the leading market for cryotherapy globally ... ... emphasizing on ensuring affordable and adequate supply of gas in order ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... 2017  Abaxis, Inc. (NasdaqGS: ABAX ), ... and consumables for the medical and veterinary markets worldwide, ... results for the third quarter fiscal year 2017, ended ... p.m. ET on Thursday, January 26, 2017.  The Company ... year 2017 after the market closes on Thursday, January ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Fla. , Jan. 19, 2017  Sensus ... medical device company specializing in the treatment of ... as keloids, with superficial radiation therapy, today announced ... full year 2016 financial results on Thursday, February 2, ... Company will hold a conference call with the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: